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1 Characterization of the phosphotyrosyl protein phosphatase activity of calmodulin-dependent protein phosphatase.Calmodulin-dependent protein phosphatase from bovine brain and heart was assayed for phosphotyrosine and phosphoserine phosphatase activity using several substrates: 1) smooth muscle myosin light chain (LC20) phosphorylated on tyrosine or serine residues, 2) angiotensin I phosphorylated on tyrosine,...Metabolism; Phosphatase Activity1986-07-25
2 Identification of the calmodulin-binding domain of skeletal muscle myosin lightIn the course of determining the primary structure of rabbit skeletal muscle myosin light chain kinase (MLCK; ATP:protein phosphotransferase, EC a peptide fragment was obtained that appears to represent the calmodulin-binding domain of this enzyme. Low concentrations of the peptide inhibit...Peptides; Enzymes; Protein sequence1985-05
3 Nonmydriatic fluorescence-based quantitative imaging of human macular pigment distributions.We have developed a CCD-camera-based nonmydriatic instrument that detects fluorescence from retinal lipofuscin chromophores ("autofluorescence") as a means to indirectly quantify and spatially image the distribution of macular pigment (MP). The lipofuscin fluorescence intensity is reduced at all ret...Cytology; Sensitivity and Specificity2006-10
4 Characterization of the regulatory domain of the gamma-subunit of phosphorylase kinase. The two noncontiguous calmodulin-binding subdomains are also autoinhibitory.Phosphorylase kinase is a multimeric protein kinase (alpha 4 beta 4 gamma 4 delta 4) whose enzymatic activity is conferred by its gamma-subunit. A library of 18 overlapping synthetic peptides spanning residues 277-386 of the gamma-subunit has been prepared to use in identifying important regulatory ...Metabolism; Phosphorylase Kinase1995-09-22
5 Gamma-subunit of skeletal muscle phosphorylase kinase contains two noncontiguous domains that act in concert to bind calmodulin.Phosphorylase kinase is a Ca2+-regulated, multisubunit enzyme that contains calmodulin as an integral subunit (termed the delta-subunit). Ca2+-dependent activity of the enzyme is thought to be regulated by direct interaction of the delta-subunit with the catalytic subunit (the gamma-subunit) in the ...Pharmacology; Metabolism; Enzymology1989-10-15
6 Effects of weak extremely low frequency magnetic fields on calcium/calmodulin interactions.Mechanisms by which weak electromagnetic fields may affect biological systems are of current interest because of their potential health effects. Lednev has proposed an ion parametric resonance hypothesis (Lednev, 1991, Bioelectromagnetics, 12:71-75), which predicts that when the ac, frequency of a c...Electromagnetic Fields; Calcium-binding Proteins; Lednev's Theory1996-06
7 Vitamin A in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with and without idiopathic intracranial hypertensionWe quantified vitamin A in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension, elevated intracranial pressure of other causes and normal intracranial pressure. Vitamin A could be detected by high-pressure liquid chromatography in most of the specimens. There was a signific...Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid; Headache2002-11
8 HPLC measurement of ocular carotenoid levels in human donor eyes in the lutein supplementation era.PURPOSE: A substantial proportion of the population at risk for visual loss from age-related macular degeneration consumes supplements containing high doses of lutein, but clinical studies to date have shown only modest and variable increases in macular carotenoid pigments in response to supplementa...Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid; Dietary Supplements; Tissue Donors2007-02
9 Protein synthesis directed by DNA phage messengers.Even through the amino acids corresponding to most of the 64 nucleotide triplets are now known, several important aspects of the genetic code are not yet fully understood. In particular we need more knowledge about the "punctuation marks" of the code-for example, the signals necessary for the initia...Carbon Isotopes; Escherichia coli; Genetic Code; Methionine1967-09-01
10 15N-labeled tRNA. Identification of dihydrouridine in Escherichia coli tRNAfMet, tRNALys, and tRNAPhe by 1H-15N two-dimensional NMR.The N3 imino units of dihydrouridine were identified in samples of 15N-labeled Escherichia coli tRNAfMet, tRNALys, and tRNAPhe by 1H-15N two-dimensional NMR. The peaks for dihydrouridine had high field 1H (9.7-9.8 ppm) and 15N (147.8-149.5 ppm) chemical shifts. Assignments were made by 1H-15N chemic...Hydrogen Bonding; Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy; Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy1986-03-15
11 Farnesyl pyrophosphate synthetase. Mechanistic studies of the 1'-4 coupling reaction with 2-fluorogeranyl pyrophosphate.The mechanism of the 1'-4 coupling reaction between isopentenyl pyrophosphate and geranyl pyrophosphate catalyzed by farnesyl pyrophosphate synthetase from porcine liver was studied with the allylic substrate analogue 2-fluorogeranyl pyrophosphate. 2-Fluorogeranyl pyrophosphate is an alternate subst...Kinetics; Liver; Mass Spectrometry; Organophosphorus Compounds; Protein Binding1978-10-25
12 Serum and macular responses to antioxidant supplementation verus a carotenoid-rich dietary intervention in the elderly.The aim of this study was to observe responses of serum antioxidants, oxidative stress biomarkers, and macular carotenoid pigments to antioxidant supplements or dietary intervention in a single-masked, randomized, pilot clinical study of elderly subjects receiving antioxidant supplements or a dietar...Macula; Serum Carotenoids; Zeaxanthin2006-02-01
13 Management of community-acquired respiratory tract infections in an era of increasing antibiotic resistance.Community-acquired respiratory tract infections (RTIs) are prevalent conditions in U.S. and represent a major burden in health care. This article provides an overview of empirical antibiotic treatment options for patients with community-acquired RYIs, including newer classes of agents, such as the r...Costs and Cost Analysis2006-02-01
14 Activation and inhibition of phosphorylase kinase by monospecific antibodies raised against peptides from the regulatory domain of the gamma-subunit.The C terminus of the catalytic gamma-subunit of phosphorylase kinase comprises a regulatory domain that contains regions important for subunit interactions and autoinhibitory functions. Monospecific antibodies raised against four synthetic peptides from this region, PhK1 (362-386), PhK5 (342-366), ...Subunit Interaction; Autoinhibitory Functions; Immunology; Antagonists & Inhibitors1995-08-30
15 Photoreceptor cGMP phosphodiesterase delta subunit (PDEdelta) functions as a prenyl-binding proteinBovine PDEdelta was originally copurified with rod cGMP phosphodiesterase (PDE) and shown to interact with prenylated, carboxymethylated C-terminal Cys residues. Other studies showed that PDEdelta can interact with several small GTPases including Rab13, Ras, Rap, and Rho6, all of which are prenylate...Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer; GTP Phosphohydrolases; Immunohistochemistry2004
16 Characterization of the calmodulin-binding and catalytic domains in skeletal muscle myosin light chain kinase.Limited proteolysis has been utilized to study the structural organization of rabbit skeletal muscle myosin light chain kinase. The enzyme (Mr approximately 89,000 by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis) consists of an amino-terminal, protease-susceptible region of unidentified...Enzymology; Skeletal Muscle; Proteolysis, Peptide Fragments1995-09-15
17 Isopentenyl diphosphate:dimethylallyl diphosphate isomerase. An improved purification of the enzyme and isolation of the gene from Saccharomyces cerevisiae.Isopentenyl diphosphate:dimethylallyl diphosphate isomerase (IPP isomerase) is an enzyme in the isoprenoid biosynthetic pathway which catalyzes the interconversion of the primary five-carbon homoallylic and allylic diphosphate building blocks. We report a substantially improved procedure for purific...Amino Acid Sequence; Base Sequence; Chromatography, Gel; Chromatography, Ion Exchange1989-11-15
18 15N-labeled Escherichia coli tRNAfMet, tRNAGlu, tRNATyr, and tRNAPhe. Double resonance and two-dimensional NMR of N1-labeled pseudouridine.The N1 imino units in Escherichia coli tRNAfMet, tRNAGlu, tRNAPhe, and tRNATyr were studied by 1H-15N NMR using three different techniques to suppress signals of protons not attached to 15N. Two of the procedures, Fourier internuclear difference spectroscopy and two-dimensional forbidden echo spectr...Escherichia coli; Magnetic resonance spectroscopy; Nitrogen; Nucleic acid conformation1985-08-15
19 Rabbit skeletal muscle myosin light chain kinase. The calmodulin binding domain as a potential active site-directed inhibitory domain.A synthetic peptide modeled after the calmodulin (CaM)-binding domain of rabbit skeletal muscle myosin light chain kinase, Lys-Arg-Arg-Trp-Lys5-Lys-Asn-Phe-Ile-Ala10-Val-Ser-Ala-Ala-+ ++Asn15-Arg-Phe-Glycyl amide (M5), inhibited the CaM-independent chymotryptic fragment of the enzyme, C35 (Edelman, ...Synthetic Peptide1987-09-05
20 Identification of the substrate and pseudosubstrate binding sites of phosphorylase kinase gamma-subunit.Using site-directed mutagenesis, we proposed that an autoinhibitory domain(s) is located at the C-terminal region (301-386) of the phosphorylase kinase gamma-subunit (Huang, C.-Y.F., Yuan C.-J., Livanova, N.B., and Graves, D.J. (1993) Mol. Cell. Biochem. 127/128, 7-18). Removal of the putative inhib...Mutagenesis; Autoinhibitory Domain; Peptides1995-03-31
21 Effects of deletions in the central helix of calmodulin on enzyme activation and peptide binding.Using site-directed mutagenesis we have expressed in Escherichia coli three engineered calmodulins (CaM) containing deletions in the solvent-exposed region of the central helix. These are CaM delta 84, Glu-84 removed; CaM delta 83-84, Glu-83 and Glu-84 removed; and CaM delta 81-84, Ser-81 through Gl...Drug Effects; Genetics; Metabolism1989-05-15
22 Prenyltransferase. Kinetic studies of the 1'-4 coupling reaction with avian liver enzyme.Prenyltransferase catalyzes the sequential, irreversible 1'-4 condensation of isopentenyl-PP with dimethylallyl-PP and geranyl-PP to yield farnesyl-PP. A kinetic study shows substrate inhibition by isopentenyl-PP at concentrations above 0.7 microM when the concentration of geranyl-PP is 1.0 microM o...Birds; Kinetics; Structure-Activity Relationship; Substrate Specificity1979-10-10
23 Phosphorylation of cardiac troponin by guanosine 3':5'-monophosphate-dependent protein kinase.Homogeneous cGMP-dependent protein kinase catalyzes the rapid incorporation of phosphate, specifically into the inhibitory subunit of purified cardiac troponin with a maximal incorporation of 1 mol of phosphate/mol of troponin. When troponin was incubated in the presence of both cGMP- and cAMP-depen...Protein Kinases1978-01-25
24 Comparison of hospitalization rates in patients with community-acquired pneumonia treated with telithromycin for 5 or 7 days or clarithromycin for 10 days.AIMS: To compare the impact on hospitalization rates and the clinical efficacy of oral telithromycin and clarithromycin treatment in patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). METHODS: A total of 581 patients with CAP were enrolled in this randomized, double-blind, parallel group, multination...Administration, Orall; Treatment Outcome2004-08-01
25 Identification of molecular sites on factor VII which mediate its assembly and function in the extrinsic pathway activation complex.Factor VII-VIIa, in association with tissue factor, participates in the complex which initiates blood coagulation through the extrinsic pathway. To identify functional domains on factor VII which mediate the activation of factor X, 16 synthetic peptides corresponding to 55% of the primary structure ...Genetics; Biosynthesis; Pharmacology1991-01-15
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