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1 Photoreceptor cGMP phosphodiesterase delta subunit (PDEdelta) functions as a prenyl-binding proteinBovine PDEdelta was originally copurified with rod cGMP phosphodiesterase (PDE) and shown to interact with prenylated, carboxymethylated C-terminal Cys residues. Other studies showed that PDEdelta can interact with several small GTPases including Rab13, Ras, Rap, and Rho6, all of which are prenylate...Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer; GTP Phosphohydrolases; Immunohistochemistry2004
2 Characterization of the calmodulin-binding and catalytic domains in skeletal muscle myosin light chain kinase.Limited proteolysis has been utilized to study the structural organization of rabbit skeletal muscle myosin light chain kinase. The enzyme (Mr approximately 89,000 by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis) consists of an amino-terminal, protease-susceptible region of unidentified...Enzymology; Skeletal Muscle; Proteolysis, Peptide Fragments1995-09-15
3 Isopentenyl diphosphate:dimethylallyl diphosphate isomerase. An improved purification of the enzyme and isolation of the gene from Saccharomyces cerevisiae.Isopentenyl diphosphate:dimethylallyl diphosphate isomerase (IPP isomerase) is an enzyme in the isoprenoid biosynthetic pathway which catalyzes the interconversion of the primary five-carbon homoallylic and allylic diphosphate building blocks. We report a substantially improved procedure for purific...Amino Acid Sequence; Base Sequence; Chromatography, Gel; Chromatography, Ion Exchange1989-11-15
4 Characterization of the regulatory domain of the gamma-subunit of phosphorylase kinase. The two noncontiguous calmodulin-binding subdomains are also autoinhibitory.Phosphorylase kinase is a multimeric protein kinase (alpha 4 beta 4 gamma 4 delta 4) whose enzymatic activity is conferred by its gamma-subunit. A library of 18 overlapping synthetic peptides spanning residues 277-386 of the gamma-subunit has been prepared to use in identifying important regulatory ...Metabolism; Phosphorylase Kinase1995-09-22
5 Protein synthesis directed by DNA phage messengers.Even through the amino acids corresponding to most of the 64 nucleotide triplets are now known, several important aspects of the genetic code are not yet fully understood. In particular we need more knowledge about the "punctuation marks" of the code-for example, the signals necessary for the initia...Carbon Isotopes; Escherichia coli; Genetic Code; Methionine1967-09-01
6 15N-labeled tRNA. Identification of dihydrouridine in Escherichia coli tRNAfMet, tRNALys, and tRNAPhe by 1H-15N two-dimensional NMR.The N3 imino units of dihydrouridine were identified in samples of 15N-labeled Escherichia coli tRNAfMet, tRNALys, and tRNAPhe by 1H-15N two-dimensional NMR. The peaks for dihydrouridine had high field 1H (9.7-9.8 ppm) and 15N (147.8-149.5 ppm) chemical shifts. Assignments were made by 1H-15N chemic...Hydrogen Bonding; Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy; Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy1986-03-15
7 Farnesyl pyrophosphate synthetase. Mechanistic studies of the 1'-4 coupling reaction with 2-fluorogeranyl pyrophosphate.The mechanism of the 1'-4 coupling reaction between isopentenyl pyrophosphate and geranyl pyrophosphate catalyzed by farnesyl pyrophosphate synthetase from porcine liver was studied with the allylic substrate analogue 2-fluorogeranyl pyrophosphate. 2-Fluorogeranyl pyrophosphate is an alternate subst...Kinetics; Liver; Mass Spectrometry; Organophosphorus Compounds; Protein Binding1978-10-25
8 Serum and macular responses to antioxidant supplementation verus a carotenoid-rich dietary intervention in the elderly.The aim of this study was to observe responses of serum antioxidants, oxidative stress biomarkers, and macular carotenoid pigments to antioxidant supplements or dietary intervention in a single-masked, randomized, pilot clinical study of elderly subjects receiving antioxidant supplements or a dietar...Macula; Serum Carotenoids; Zeaxanthin2006-02-01
9 Gamma-subunit of skeletal muscle phosphorylase kinase contains two noncontiguous domains that act in concert to bind calmodulin.Phosphorylase kinase is a Ca2+-regulated, multisubunit enzyme that contains calmodulin as an integral subunit (termed the delta-subunit). Ca2+-dependent activity of the enzyme is thought to be regulated by direct interaction of the delta-subunit with the catalytic subunit (the gamma-subunit) in the ...Pharmacology; Metabolism; Enzymology1989-10-15
10 Management of community-acquired respiratory tract infections in an era of increasing antibiotic resistance.Community-acquired respiratory tract infections (RTIs) are prevalent conditions in U.S. and represent a major burden in health care. This article provides an overview of empirical antibiotic treatment options for patients with community-acquired RYIs, including newer classes of agents, such as the r...Costs and Cost Analysis2006-02-01
11 Activation and inhibition of phosphorylase kinase by monospecific antibodies raised against peptides from the regulatory domain of the gamma-subunit.The C terminus of the catalytic gamma-subunit of phosphorylase kinase comprises a regulatory domain that contains regions important for subunit interactions and autoinhibitory functions. Monospecific antibodies raised against four synthetic peptides from this region, PhK1 (362-386), PhK5 (342-366), ...Subunit Interaction; Autoinhibitory Functions; Immunology; Antagonists & Inhibitors1995-08-30
12 15N-labeled tRNA. Identification of 4-thiouridine in Escherichia coli tRNASer1 and tRNATyr2 by 1H-15N two-dimensional NMR spectroscopy.Uridine is uniquely conserved at position 8 in elongator tRNAs and binds to A14 to form a reversed Hoogsteen base pair which folds the dihydrouridine loop back into the core of the L-shaped molecule. On the basis of 1H NMR studies, Hurd and co-workers (Hurd, R. E., Robillard, G. T., and Reid, B. R. ...Magnetic resonance spectroscopy1986-09-15
13 Adaptation of the protein kinase filter paper assay to a 96-well microtiter format.The most widely used method for assaying protein kinase activities involves incorporation of radioactive phosphate into a protein or peptide substrate with subsequent binding or precipitaion of the radiolabeled substrate onto filter paper squares. We have adapted this assay for use with readily avai...Protein Kinase Activities; Filter Papers; Radioactive Phosphate1999-02-01
14 Identification and characterization of a Pi isoform of glutathione S-transferase (GSTP1) as a zeaxanthin-binding protein in the macula of the human eyeUptake, metabolism, and stabilization of xanthophyll carotenoids in the retina are thought to be mediated by specific xanthophyll-binding proteins (XBPs). A membrane-associated XBP was purified from human macula using ion-exchange chromatography followed by gel-exclusion chromatography. Two-dimensio...Circular Dichroism; Isoelectric Focusing; Macula Lutea; Xanthophylls2004
15 Dephosphorylation of cAMP-dependent protein kinase regulatory subunit (type II) by calmodulin-dependent protein phosphatase. Determinants of substrate specificity.Calmodulin-dependent protein phosphatase purified from bovine cardiac muscle catalyzed the rapid dephosphorylation of Ser-95 of bovine cardiac cAMP-dependent protein kinase regulatory subunit (RII). The kinetic constants determined for the reaction (Km = 20 microM; Vmax = 2 mumol min-1 mg-1) are com...Metabolism; High Pressure Liquid; Enzymology1985-06-25
16 15N-labeled Escherichia coli tRNAfMet, tRNAGlu, tRNATyr, and tRNAPhe. Double resonance and two-dimensional NMR of N1-labeled pseudouridine.The N1 imino units in Escherichia coli tRNAfMet, tRNAGlu, tRNAPhe, and tRNATyr were studied by 1H-15N NMR using three different techniques to suppress signals of protons not attached to 15N. Two of the procedures, Fourier internuclear difference spectroscopy and two-dimensional forbidden echo spectr...Escherichia coli; Magnetic resonance spectroscopy; Nitrogen; Nucleic acid conformation1985-08-15
17 Rabbit skeletal muscle myosin light chain kinase. The calmodulin binding domain as a potential active site-directed inhibitory domain.A synthetic peptide modeled after the calmodulin (CaM)-binding domain of rabbit skeletal muscle myosin light chain kinase, Lys-Arg-Arg-Trp-Lys5-Lys-Asn-Phe-Ile-Ala10-Val-Ser-Ala-Ala-+ ++Asn15-Arg-Phe-Glycyl amide (M5), inhibited the CaM-independent chymotryptic fragment of the enzyme, C35 (Edelman, ...Synthetic Peptide1987-09-05
18 Identification of the calmodulin-binding domain of skeletal muscle myosin lightIn the course of determining the primary structure of rabbit skeletal muscle myosin light chain kinase (MLCK; ATP:protein phosphotransferase, EC 2.7.1.37) a peptide fragment was obtained that appears to represent the calmodulin-binding domain of this enzyme. Low concentrations of the peptide inhibit...Peptides; Enzymes; Protein sequence1985-05
19 Nonmydriatic fluorescence-based quantitative imaging of human macular pigment distributions.We have developed a CCD-camera-based nonmydriatic instrument that detects fluorescence from retinal lipofuscin chromophores ("autofluorescence") as a means to indirectly quantify and spatially image the distribution of macular pigment (MP). The lipofuscin fluorescence intensity is reduced at all ret...Cytology; Sensitivity and Specificity2006-10
20 Vitamin A in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with and without idiopathic intracranial hypertensionWe quantified vitamin A in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension, elevated intracranial pressure of other causes and normal intracranial pressure. Vitamin A could be detected by high-pressure liquid chromatography in most of the specimens. There was a signific...Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid; Headache2002-11
21 Characterization of the phosphotyrosyl protein phosphatase activity of calmodulin-dependent protein phosphatase.Calmodulin-dependent protein phosphatase from bovine brain and heart was assayed for phosphotyrosine and phosphoserine phosphatase activity using several substrates: 1) smooth muscle myosin light chain (LC20) phosphorylated on tyrosine or serine residues, 2) angiotensin I phosphorylated on tyrosine,...Metabolism; Phosphatase Activity1986-07-25
22 Identification of the substrate and pseudosubstrate binding sites of phosphorylase kinase gamma-subunit.Using site-directed mutagenesis, we proposed that an autoinhibitory domain(s) is located at the C-terminal region (301-386) of the phosphorylase kinase gamma-subunit (Huang, C.-Y.F., Yuan C.-J., Livanova, N.B., and Graves, D.J. (1993) Mol. Cell. Biochem. 127/128, 7-18). Removal of the putative inhib...Mutagenesis; Autoinhibitory Domain; Peptides1995-03-31
23 Effects of deletions in the central helix of calmodulin on enzyme activation and peptide binding.Using site-directed mutagenesis we have expressed in Escherichia coli three engineered calmodulins (CaM) containing deletions in the solvent-exposed region of the central helix. These are CaM delta 84, Glu-84 removed; CaM delta 83-84, Glu-83 and Glu-84 removed; and CaM delta 81-84, Ser-81 through Gl...Drug Effects; Genetics; Metabolism1989-05-15
24 Economic evaluations in pain management: principles and methods.This paper describes how investigators may design, conduct, and report economic evaluations of pharmacotherapy for pain and symptom management. Because economic evaluation of therapeutic interventions is becoming increasingly important, there is a need for guidance on how economic evaluations can be...Costs and Cost Analysis; Economics, Pharmaceutical2006
25 Identification of molecular sites on factor VII which mediate its assembly and function in the extrinsic pathway activation complex.Factor VII-VIIa, in association with tissue factor, participates in the complex which initiates blood coagulation through the extrinsic pathway. To identify functional domains on factor VII which mediate the activation of factor X, 16 synthetic peptides corresponding to 55% of the primary structure ...Genetics; Biosynthesis; Pharmacology1991-01-15
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