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1 Modeling Longitudinal Outcomes: A Contrast of Two MethodsBackground: Repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) is frequently used to model longitudinal data but does not appropriately account for within-person correlations over time, does not explicitly model time, and cannot flexibly handle missing data. In contrast, mixed-effects regression address...mixed-effects regression; ANOVA; learning; development
2 Magnitude-Based Inference is Not Bayesian and is Not a Valid Method of Inferenceinference; statistics; confidence intervals; Bayesian, reproducibility
3 Effects of parietal injury on covert orienting of visual attentionThe cognitive act of shifting attention from one place in the visual field to another can be accomplished covertly without muscular changes. The act can be viewed in terms of three internal mental operations: disengagement of attention from its current focus, moving attention to the target, and enga...Dominance, Cerebral; Attention; Extinction, Psychological1984-07
4 Clinical and laboratory outcomes during the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis with methotrexate.Ten clinical and three laboratory outcomes were evaluated in 86 patients completing a double-blind placebo-controlled trial of methotrexate in rheumatoid arthritis. The improvement in all measured outcomes was statistically significantly better in patients receiving methotrexate than in patients rec...C-Reactive Protein; Fluorescent Antibody Technique; Latex Fixation Tests; Randomized Controlled Trials1990-02-01
5 Intervening in midlife for optimal retirement: a guide for health educatorsFactors contributing to successful retirement deserve increased attention given the rapid growth of the aging population. Antecedent to successful retirement is successful aging. The middle aged population is an opportune target for health promotion and health education interventions as this group...Retirement; Aging Process;Education Interventions; Health Promotion1991-10
6 Relationship of task and ego orientation to performance: cognitive content, affect, and attributions in bowlingThe purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship of individual differences in goal orientation to mid-activity cognitive content and affect and post-performance attributions across three games of bowling. Forty-seven undergraduate students enrolled in bowling activity classes were r...Goal-directed behavior; Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire; Sport psychology1993
7 Passive transfer of adjuvant-induced arthritis into irradiated DA recipient rats.Adjuvant-induced arthritis (AIA) can be passively transferred in Dark Agouti (DA) rats by spleen and lymph node cells after culture with Concanavalin A (Con A). A model not requiring in vitro Con A expansion and activation would be important in investigations of anti-rheumatic drugs in AIA. A new mo...Cell Transplantation; Rats, Inbred Strains1993
8 T-cell receptors and collagen induced arthritis in H-2r mice.Mouse strains B10, B10.RIII, RIIIS/J and the F1 and backcross progeny arising from them were tested for susceptibility to porcine type II collagen-induced arthritis (PII-CIA). The clinically severe arthritis of rapid onset that is characteristic of PII-immunized B10.RIII mice developed predominantly...Genotype; Mice, Inbred C57BL; Sex Characteristics; T-Lymphocytes1993
9 Elite adolescents athletes' achievement goals and beliefs concerning success in tennisThe present study examined the perceived causes of success among elite adolescent tennis players and investigated the function of gender in the interdependence of goal orientation and beliefs concerning tennis achievement. Male and female adolescents (N = 121) completed the Task and Ego Orientation ...Tennis; Athletes; Success1993-12
10 Exacerbation of collagen-induced arthritis in rats by rat cytomegalovirus is antigen-specific.Collagen-Induced Arthritis (CIA) is an experimentally induced and genetically controlled animal model of chronic joint inflammation. In rats, there are informative strain differences in susceptibility to CIA. DA rats (RT1avl) develop severe CIA after immunization with bovine (BII), chick (CII), or h...Autoimmunity; Flow Cytometry; Rats, Inbred Strains; Sex Factors1994
11 Qualitative analysis of a pediatric strength intervention on the developmental stepping movements of infants with Down syndromeThe purpose of this study was to describe the developmental stepping movements of 5 infants with Down syndrome who participated in a pediatric strength intervention. Pretest and posttest data were collected with the Hawaii Early Learning Profile Strands, Battelle Developmental Inventory, and specia...Developmental stepping movements; Strength intervention; Progressive interactive facilitation; Motor development1996
12 Inter-observer reliability of the Spondylitis Functional Index Instrument for assessing spondylarthropathies.OBJECTIVE: To study the Spondylitis Functional Index (SFI) by having two physical therapists observe patients with spondylitis perform various tasks listed on the instrument. The physical therapists' observations were compared with each other and with the self-reported abilities of the patients. ...Spondylitis Functional Index (SFI); physical therapists; sulfasalazine1996-06
13 Na-H exchange inhibition with Cariporide limits functional impairment caused by repetitive ischemiaIntracellular calcium ([Ca]i) overload on reperfusion may be one of the mechanisms responsible for ischemia-induced regional myocardial dysfunction. Because inhibiting the Na-H exchanger (NHE) limits intracellular sodium ([Na]i) and subsequent [Ca]i accumulation, we hypothesized that NHE inhibition ...Reperfusion; intracellular calcium; conscious pigs1998
14 Validation of a mathematical model for road cycling powerThis investigation sought to determine if cycling power could be accurately modeled. A mathematical model of cycling power was derived, and values for each model parameter were determined. A bicycle-mounted power measurement system was validated by comparison with a laboratory ergometer.Aerodynamic drag; Rolling resistance; Air velocity; Gradient; Cycling power; Potential energy; Kinetic energy1998
15 Senior olympians' achievement goals and motivational responsesThe purpose of this study was to examine the motivational perspectives of athletes participating in the Senior Olympic Games. One hundred thirty-seven senior athletes (54 males, 82 females, and 1 nonidentifier) completed measures of goal orientations, beliefs about the causes of success in sport, in...Senior olympics; Athletes; Intrinsic motivation1998-07
16 Hormonal changes throughout the menstrual cycle and increased anterior cruciate ligament laxity in femalesOBJECTIVE: To determine whether women experience significantly greater anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) laxity in conjunction with estrogen and progesterone surges during a normal 28- to 30-day menstrual cycle. DESIGN AND SETTING: Serial estrogen and progesterone levels were measured via radioimmuno...Estrogen; Progesterone; Knee Arthrometer; Radioimmunoassay1999-04
17 Time course of learning to produce maximum cycling powerThe purpose of this investigation was to determine the time course and magnitude of learning effects associated with repeated maximum cycling power tests and to determine if cycle-trained men exhibit different learning effects than active men who are not cycle-trained. Cycle-trained (N = 13) and act...Training; Pedaling; Cycle-trained2000
18 Long-term exercise using weighted vests prevents hip bone loss in postmenopausal womenBackground. Bone mineral density (BMD) is a primary risk factor for hip fracture. We studied the effect of long-term weighted vest plus jumping exercise on hip BMD in postmenopausal women as a strategy for reducing hip fracture risk. Methods. Eighteen postmenopausal women (age 5 64.1 6 1.6 years a...2000
19 Arf 1 dissociates from the clathrin adaptor GGA prior to being inactivated by Arf GTPase-activating proteinsThe effectors of monomeric GTP-binding proteins can influence interactions with GTPase-activating proteins (GAPs) in two ways. In one case, effector and GAP binding to the GTP-binding protein is mutually exclusive. In another case, the GTP-binding protein bound to an effector is the substrate for ...2002
20 Hyperhomocysteinemia evoked by folate depletion: effects on coronary and carotid arterial functionHigh circulating concentrations of homocysteine (ie, hyperhomocysteinemia [Hhcy]) impair the vascular function of peripheral conduit arteries and arterioles perfusing splanchnic and skeletal muscle regions. The effects of HHcy on coronary resistance vessel function and other indexes of vascular func...Hyperhomocysteinemia; Coronary resistance artery; Arterial stiffness; Arterial permeability; Vascular reactivity; Folate depletion; Rat2002
21 Vitamin A in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with and without idiopathic intracranial hypertensionWe quantified vitamin A in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension, elevated intracranial pressure of other causes and normal intracranial pressure. Vitamin A could be detected by high-pressure liquid chromatography in most of the specimens. There was a signific...Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid; Headache2002-11
22 Training with power measurement: a new era in cycling trainingPROVIDING CYCLISTS WITH A reliable measure of exercise intensity presents unique challenges. Environmental factors such as wind speed, road grade and surface texture, and air density interactively influence the resistance encountered during cycling and thus alter the speed a cyclist can maintain wh...Exercise; Intensity; Heart rate2003
23 Predicting the use of sexual initiation tactics in a sample of college womenSignificant attention has been focused on women's initiation of sexual contact with men and the point at which this initiation becomes sexual aggression. The purpose of this study was to examine possible predictors of the use of three conceptually distinct sets of sexual initiation tactics: seductio...Sexual initiation tactics; Coercion; Force; Social learning theory2004
24 No differences in cycling efficiency between world-class and recreational cyclistsThe aim of this experiment was to compare the efficiency of elite cyclists with that of trained and recreational cyclists. Male subjects (N =69)performed an incremental exercise test to exhaustion on an electrically braked cycle ergometer. Cadence was maintained between 80-90rpm.Gross efficiency; Delta efficiency; Cycling efficiency; Economy; VO2peak2004
25 Torso stabilization reduces the metabolic cost of producing cycling powerMany researchers have used cycling exercise to evaluate muscle metabolism. Inherent in such studies is an assumption that changes in whole-body respiration are due solely to respiration at the working muscle. Some researchers, however, have speculated that the metabolic cost of torso stabilization...Torso stabilization; Efficiency; Economy; Static contraction; Work2005
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