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1 Brinkman, Paul T.Factors affecting instructional costs at major research universitiesThe purpose of this article is to analyze in quantitative terms why unit instructional costs differ among major research universities. Previous studies have uncovered many of the factors that account for costs in higher education. The primary task here is to specify the relative importance of thes...Research universities; Costs; Instruction1981
2 Pounder, Diana G.Decision making in videotaped selection interviews: age and position effects retestedThis study was designed to test the effects of a candidate's age and the effect of the type of position under consideration on candidate ratings as assessed from a videotaped interview simulation. To investigate the effect of these variables, a 2 x 2 factorial design was used. The independent varia...1985
3 Brinkman, Paul T.Financial impact of part-time enrollments on two-year colleges: a marginal cost perspectiveThe number of part-time students attending public two-year colleges increased rapidly during the 1970s. By the end of the decade, aggregate part-time enrollment constituted about 63 percent of total headcount enrollment at those institutions. Concern has been expressed about the financial implicatop...Students; Part-time; Full-time; Colleges; Costs1985
4 Brinkman, Paul T.Concepts of cost and cost analysis for higher educationCosting can be a useful planning and management tool. It can provide information relevant to assessing operational efficiency, planning an investment strategy, evaluating comparative performance, or justifying funding requests and prices charged for services (Balderston, 1972), Given the utility of...Management; Budgeting; Planning1986
5 Rudolph, Sidney; Gardner Michael K.Remote site instruction in physics: a test of the effectiveness of a new teaching technologyThis study tested the effectiveness of a remote site instructional system utilizing audio-graphic teleconferencing technology. The subject matter taught was high school level physics. The test site was Bountiful High School in Bountiful, Utah. The study consisted of a treatment-control group compari...Remote site instruction1986
6 Gardner Michael K.Word-frequency effect in lexical decision: finding a frequency-based componentSubjects making lexical decisions are reliably faster in responding to high-frequency words than to low-frequency words. This is known as the word frequency effect. We wished to demonstrate that some portion of this effect was due to frequency differences between words rather than to other dimensio...Stimulus; Interaction; Variance1987
7 Brinkman, Paul T.Student price response in higher education: the student demand studiesWhat happens to enrollments when colleges and universities raise their prices? Who, if anyone, is sent away? What is the net impact of higher prices and reduced enrollments upon institutional financial ledgers? These questions have been investigated in what have come to be called the "student dem...Enrollment; Colleges; Universities; Student demand; Tuition1987
8 Gardner Michael K.Counselor recall of specific details: implications for counseling and counselor trainingA question of considerable interest within the social influence model (Strong, 1968) has been "How can one increase the likelihood of being viewed by the client as a credible professional?" Many counselor characteristics have been studied to determine their effects on perceived credibility; however,...Client; Salient; Sessions1988
9 Johnson, Bob L.Toward a synthesis of inquiry on environmental robustnessOur approach has emphasized the development of ideas over the systematic criticism of specific studies. Perhaps some may view these ideas as useful starting points for new inquiry. The least we might expect from such inquiry is a better understanding of why some students and teachers claim that scho...Education; Schools; Boredom; Robustness1989
10 Brinkman, Paul T.Options for cost analysisMany kinds of cost analysis are possible. Indeed, given the variety of purposes, methods, and types of cost, the number of permutations is virtually unlimited. In broad terms, one can disaggregate the universe of cost studies by distinguishing whether their primary purpose is to determine costs or t...Budget; Allocation1989
11 Brinkman, Paul T.Instructional costs per student credit hour: differences by level of instructionThe variation of unit costs by level of instruction, on either a per-student or per-student-credit-hour basis, is a traditional issue in the economics and finance of higher education. Funding formulas, for either requesting or allocating funds, often include recognition of an institution's effort by...1989
12 Johnson, Bob L.Logic of school restructuring: a conceptual analysisPerusal of the educational literature since 1983 reveals the flood of attention given to reform in this decade. Fueled by reports much like A Nation at Risk and the efforts of personalities such as former Secretary of Education William Bennett, the rhetoric of reform abounds. In state houses across ...Education reform; Educational goals1990
13 Kleinschmidt, Julia J.; Grosshans, Onie; Caserta, Michael; Saffel-Shrier, Susan; Tuohig, GailIntervening in midlife for optimal retirement: a guide for health educatorsFactors contributing to successful retirement deserve increased attention given the rapid growth of the aging population. Antecedent to successful retirement is successful aging. The middle aged population is an opportune target for health promotion and health education interventions as this group...Retirement; Aging Process;Education Interventions; Health Promotion1991-10
14 Johnston, Susan S.Beginning augmentative communication systemsTo be unable to produce communicative behavior that can be understood by others represents one of the most frustrating experiences imaginable. Communicating through a communication board or with gestures lessens this frustration but does not eliminate it. Since 1975, remarkable advances have been ma...Intervention; Challenging behavior; Symbols1992
15 Pounder, Diana G.; Sperry, David J.; Drew, Clifford J.Educator evaluation and the law: a case study of common statutory problemsStatutorily many states have gone through an evolutionary process regarding educator evaluation. This often results in a disconnected body of laws and amendments that create problems with respect to purposes of evaluation, appropriate standards and methods to be employed, and implementation strategi...Parsimony; Incompetence, Preformance1992
16 Johnston, Susan S.Developing an initial communicative repertoire: applications and issues for persons with severe disabilitiesResearchers and practitioners are increasingly aware of the extent of communicative relationships very early in development. Advances in understanding how communication develops and how it can be taught have made earlier communication intervention a viable undertaking for infants and toddlers who ex...Intervention; Context; Communicative functions1993
17 Johnston, Susan S.Replacing challenging behavior: the role of communication interventionIT IS WIDELY accepted that all individuals communicate (National Joint Committee, 1992). Along with this acceptance, however, comes the acknowledgment that specific communication strategies emitted by learners may vary extensively. Although conventional forms of communication, including spoken lan...1993
18 Pounder, Diana G.Gender-related biases in admission decisionsThe competitive admission process for educational programs in health sciences usually begins with a screening phase. Raters, who are often the same people who later interview the applicants, screen candidates based on information on their application forms. Only the applicants who survive the scree...Attractiveness; Attributions; Evaluation1993
19 Pounder, Diana G.Organizational orientation in public and private elementary schoolsIn this study, we investigated the relationship between organizational value orientation and tow variables, organizational commitment and job satisfaction, among teachers from private and public elementary schools.Organizational commitment; Job satisfaction; Value orientation1993
20 Pounder, Diana G.Theory to practice: a description and multi-dimensional evaluation of the University of Utah's educational administration Ed.D. programThe purpose of this paper is tp describe the University of Utah's recently revised Ed.D. program and to report the results of several program evaluation efforts conducted since i t s implementation. In particular, the most recent evaluation study assesses the effectiveness of the field-based doctora...1995
21 Pounder, Diana G.Theory to practice in administrator preparation: an evaluation studyThe purpose of this paper is to evaluate the effectiveness of a field-based doctoral program in educational administration on linking theory and research to the improvement of practice. Specifically, the study evaluates the degree and ways in which doctoral student field-based projects and studies c...Educational administration; Doctoral programs; Theory-practice programs1995
22 Johnston, Susan S.Coordinating preservice and in-service training of early interventionists to serve preschoolers who engage in challenging behaviorThis chapter focuses on the need to coordinate and improve preservice and in-service training (including technical assistance) for professionals who serve individuals and family members who live or work with young children who engage in challenging behavior. Positive behavioral support: includin...Behavior problems; Proactive strategies; Intervention strategies1996
23 Pounder, Diana G.Teacher teams: promoting teacher involvement and leadership in secondary schoolsEmployee involvement efforts in schools have increasingly encouraged employee involvement in planning and governance procedures. Most involvement efforts could be described as suggestion involvement or individual job enhancement approaches, although these currently emphasized approaches to teache...Educational planning; Governance1997
24 Pounder, Diana G.Opportunities and challenges of school collaborationCollaborative work organizations and related themes (such as community, cooperation, etc.) have become the focus of both research and practice in education during the past few years. Some may view emphasis on collaboration (or community) in schools as the second stage of the initial "site-based m...School collaboration1999
25 Groth, Cori AnnSix factors of successful school improvement: blueprint for reform or process for continual school improvement?The last two decades have brought considerable attention to schoolwide improvements intended to raise student achievement-particularly in the area of literacy. In response to the emphasis on improved student achievement, many promising programs for school improvement have emerged. These programs, ...Schools; Student achievement; Literacy2000
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