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TitleDescriptionCreator
1 Enophthalmos from breast cancer metastasis to the orbitRight painful ophthalmoplegia with right enophthalmos secondary to breast cancer metastasis to the right orbit.Valerie Biousse, MD; Emory Eye Center, Atlanta, Georgia
2 Toxic Retinopathy: Deferoxamine ToxicityNumber of Figures and legend for each: 6 figures Figure 1: Goldmann perimetry showing large cecocentral scotomas in both eyes Figure 2: Fundus photograph of the right eye demonstrating hypopigmentation of the peripapillary and perifoveal retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) with subfoveal yellow lesions...Will Pearce, MD, Emory Eye Center Atlanta, Georgia; Valerie Biousse, MD, Emory Eye Center Atlanta, Georgia
3 MRI findings in optic nerve and chiasmal glioma in childhoodMultiple cases of optic pathway gliomas are demonstrated using MRI imaging. The optic pathway gliomas are identified at multiple points in the optic pathways. Figure 1 : Patient 1: Axial orbital MRI (T1 postcontrast with fat suppression) showing thickening and enhancement of the right optic nerve a...Jason Peragallo, MD, Emory Eye Center; Valérie Biousse, MD Departments of Ophthalmology and Neurology, Emory University School of Medicine
4 Occipital Infarction with Incomplete Congruent Homonymous HemianopiaCT appearance of a remote occipital infarction. Congruent homonymous hemianopia.Samuel Bidot, MD, Emory Eye Center Atlanta, Georgia; Amit M. Saindane, MD, Emory Eye Center Atlanta, Georgia; Valérie Biousse, MD Departments of Ophthalmology and Neurology, Emory University School of Medicine
5 Anterior and Posterior ScleritisA case of anterior and posterior scleritis secondary to idiopathic orbital inflammation, also known as orbital pseudotumor. Various imaging modalities are included to demonstrate optic disc edema, macular edema, and fluid in tenon's capsule which may be seen in posterior scleritis. Figure 1 : Exter...Joshua Levinson, MD, Emory Eye Center Atlanta, Georgia; Valérie Biousse, MD Departments of Ophthalmology and Neurology, Emory University School of Medicine
6 Posterior Cerebral Artery Infarction from Vertebral Artery DissectionRight posterior cerebral artery ischemic infarction due to post traumatic (martial arts) left vertebral artery dissection with resulting right PCA occlusion. Left homonymous hemianopia due to right occipital lobe infarction and left hemisensory loss due to right thalamic infarction. Imaging of the a...Kristen Hudson, MD, Emory Eye Center Atlanta, Georgia; Valerie Biousse, MD, Emory Eye Center Atlanta, Georgia
7 Nonfunctiong Pituitary Adenoma with Chiasmal CompressionThis is a case of large non-functioning pituitary adenoma with mass effect on the optic chiasm inducing loss of optic nerve fibers and subsequent visual field. Figure 1: Fundus photographs demonstrating bilateral temporal optic nerve head pallor Figure 2: Humphrey visual fields demonstrating a bitem...William Pearce, MD, Emory Eye Center Atlanta, Georgia; Valerie Biousse, MD, Emory Eye Center Atlanta, Georgia
8 Ganglion cell layer analysis by optical coherence tomography (OCT)A normal optical coherence tomography (OCT) of the macula is shown (Figure 1) and the various layers of the retina are labelled (Figure 2). The cell bodies of retinal ganglion cells (RGC) are located in the ganglion cell layer (GCL) of the retina and mostly synapse in the lateral geniculate nucleus ...Jonathan A. Micieli, MD, Department of Ophthalmology, Emory University School of Medicine; Valérie Biousse, MD Departments of Ophthalmology and Neurology, Emory University School of Medicine
9 Fundus AutofluorescenceThe retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) has many important functions including phagocytosis of the photoreceptor outer segments. The metabolism of the photoreceptor outer segments leads to the formation of lipofuscin. Disease states and potentially increased oxidative damage can lead to the buildup of ...Jonathan A. Micieli, MD, Department of Ophthalmology, Emory University School of Medicine; Valérie Biousse, MD, Departments of Ophthalmology and Neurology, Emory University School of Medicine
10 Terson Syndrome and Subarachnoid HemorrhageA case of Terson syndrome resulting with subarachnoid hemorrhage and right vitreous hemorrhage resulting from a left pericallosal artery aneurysm. Figure 1 : External photograph of right eye demonstrates blunted red reflex secondary to vitreous hemorrhage Figure 2 : External photograph of left eye d...Joshua Levinson, MD, Emory Eye Center Atlanta, Georgia; Valérie Biousse, MD Departments of Ophthalmology and Neurology, Emory University School of Medicine
11 Ocular Hypoperfusion From Severe Internal Carotid Artery Stenosis68 year-old man complaining of mildly decreased vision OD with fluctuation of vision throughout the day. Fluorescein angiography shows delayed choroidal and retinal fillings, suggesting hypoperfusion of the right eye.Samuel Bidot, MD, Emory Eye Center Atlanta, Georgia; Amit M. Saindane, MD, Emory Eye Center Atlanta, Georgia; Valérie Biousse, MD Departments of Ophthalmology and Neurology, Emory University School of Medicine
12 Coexisting Thyroid Eye Disease and Myasthenia GravisA case of coexisting thyroid orbitopathy and myasthenia gravis. External photographs of the eyes and eyelids, as well as images from an MRI of the orbits, are included. Figure 1 : External photograph of eyes showing right lid retraction and left upper lid ptosis. Figure 2 : External photograph of ...Devin D. Mackay, M.D. Emory Eye Center Atlanta, Georgia; Valérie Biousse, MD Departments of Ophthalmology and Neurology, Emory University School of Medicine
13 Terson syndrome with cranial nerve 3 palsy due to subarachnoid hemorrhage from arteriovenous malformation and aneurysmal ruptureA case of Terson syndrome due to AVM and posteral cerebral aneurysm. The patient developed a left CN3 palsy due to hematoma involving the left midbrain. Figure 1 : External photograph of right eye demonstrates blunted red reflex secondary to vitreous hemorrhage Figure 2 : External photograph of lef...Joshua Levinson, MD, Emory Eye Center Atlanta, Georgia; Valérie Biousse, MD Departments of Ophthalmology and Neurology, Emory University School of Medicine
14 Internal Carotid Artery / Posterior Communicating Artery Aneurysm with Third Nerve Palsy Shown on CT AngiogramInternal Carotid Artery / Posterior Communicating Artery Aneurysm with Third Nerve Palsy Shown on CT Angiogram ; anatomic description of vascular and bony findings on the CTA. - Figure 1 : 51 year-old man complaining of painful binocular diplopia. Orange arrows indicate the direction of gaze. In p...Samuel Bidot, MD, Emory Eye Center Atlanta, Georgia; Amit M. Saindane, MD, Emory Eye Center Atlanta, Georgia; Valérie Biousse, MD Departments of Ophthalmology and Neurology, Emory University School of Medicine
15 Sellar Aneurysm With Chiasmal CompressionThis is a case of aneurysm of the internal carotid artery, invading the sella and complicated by chiasmal compression and bitemporal hemianopia. Figure 1 : Humphrey visual fields (gray scale and pattern deviations) Figure 2a : T1-weighted axial brain MRI (1): well defined circular intracerebral mass...Rabih Hage, MD, Emory Eye Center Atlanta Georgia; Valérie Biousse, MD Departments of Ophthalmology and Neurology, Emory University School of Medicine
16 Sturge-Weber syndromeA case of Sturge-Weber syndrome (Encephalotrigeminal angiomatosis) with angiomas that involve the leptomeninges, and the skin of the ipsilateral hemiface, associated with congenital glaucoma in the same eye. Various illustrations are included to demonstrate the port wine stain, enlarged optic nerve ...Supharat Jariyakosol, MD, Emory Eye Center Atlanta Georgia; Valérie Biousse, MD Departments of Ophthalmology and Neurology, Emory University School of Medicine
17 Large right hypophyseal aneurysm causing a junctional scotomaRight, multi-lobulated superior hypophyseal artery aneurysm measuring 1.6 x 1.2 x 2.2 cm with 6 mm neck causing a right junctional scotoma . Images from a brain CT with contrast, a brain CT angiography with contrast, cerebral angiogram, Humphrey visual fields and ocular fundus photographs are includ...Laurel N. Vuong, MD, Emory Eye Center, Valerie Biousse, MD, Emory Eye Center Atlanta, Georgia
18 Ocular Fundus ExaminationReview of various techniques of ocular fundus examination, including direct ophthalmoscopy, binocular indirect ophthalmoscopy, slit lamp binocular indirect ophthalmoscopy, and fundus photography. Advantages and disadvantages of each technique are discussed.Devin D. Mackay, M.D. Emory Eye Center Atlanta, Georgia; Valérie Biousse, MD Departments of Ophthalmology and Neurology, Emory University School of Medicine
19 Orbital and cavernous sinus involvement by herpes zoster ophthalmicusBrief paragraph (or more) describing item : A single case of the effects of herpes zoster is demonstrated using external photographs and MRI imaging. The effects demonstrated include the typical dermatomal rash as well as extraocular muscle invovlement and cavernous sinus involvement. Figure 1 : ...Jason Peragallo, MD, Emory Eye Center; Valérie Biousse, MD Departments of Ophthalmology and Neurology, Emory University School of Medicine
20 Radiologic Appearance of Unilateral Sphenoid Wing Hypoplasia in Neurofibromatosis Type IMRI features of greater wing sphenoid hypoplasia in the setting of neurofibromatosis type 1. - Figure 1 : Orbital MRI with contrast showing right greater sphenoid wing hypoplasia. The lack of bone tissue leads to herniation of the right temporal lobe into the orbit, pushing forward the orbital conte...Samuel Bidot, MD, Emory Eye Center Atlanta, Georgia; Amit M. Saindane, MD, Emory Eye Center Atlanta, Georgia; Valérie Biousse, MD Departments of Ophthalmology and Neurology, Emory University School of Medicine
21 Occipital Pyogenic Abscess with Homonymous HemianopiaThis is a case of right occipital abscess with a left homonymous hemianopia. Number of Figures and legend for each: 8 figures Figure 1: Humphrey visual fields: Dense left homonymous hemianopia Figure 2: T2-weighted axial MRI : Round, hyperintense lesion (yellow arrow) in the right occipital lobe sur...Rabih Hage, MD, Emory Eye Center Atlanta Georgia; Valérie Biousse, MD Departments of Ophthalmology and Neurology, Emory University School of Medicine
22 Rathke's Cleft Cyst Apoplexy with Junctional ScotomaMRI features of Rathke's cleft cyst apoplexy. - Figure 1 : Humphrey visual fields at initial presentation - Figure 2 : Brain MRI without contrast at initial presentation - Figure 3 : Brain MRI with contrast at initial presentation - Figure 4 : Postoperative Humphrey visual fieldsSamuel Bidot, MD, Emory Eye Center Atlanta, Georgia; Amit M. Saindane, MD, Emory Eye Center Atlanta, Georgia; Valérie Biousse, MD Departments of Ophthalmology and Neurology, Emory University School of Medicine
23 Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis with papilledemaA case of superior sagittal sinus, right transverse sinus and right sigmoid sinus thrombosis, presenting with increased intracranial pressure (headaches, bilateral sixth palsy and papilledema). Figure 1 : Disc photos of the right and left eyes demonstrating bilateral disc edema. Figure 2 : Non-contr...Supharat Jariyakosol, MD, Emory Eye Center Atlanta Georgia; Valérie Biousse, MD Departments of Ophthalmology and Neurology, Emory University School of Medicine
24 IVth Nerve SchwannomaThis is a case of IVth cranial nerve schwannoma, showing an enhancement in the subarachnoid space consistent with the clinical presentation. Figure 1a : T1-weighted axial brain MRI Figure 1b : T1-weighted axial brain MRI : magnification of the brainstem Figure 1c : T1-weighted axial brain MRI : cr...Rabih Hage, MD, Emory Eye Center Atlanta Georgia; Valérie Biousse, MD Departments of Ophthalmology and Neurology, Emory University School of Medicine
25 Metastatic ovarian cancer to the left occipital lobe with complete right homonymous hemianopiaA case of metastatic ovarian cancer to the left occipital lobe with a complete right homonymous hemianopia. Humphrey visual fields as well as images from an MRI of the brain are included. Figure 1 : Humphrey visual fields showing a complete right homonymous hemianopia Figure 2 : MRI brain T1 axial...Devin D. Mackay, M.D. Emory Eye Center Atlanta, Georgia; Valérie Biousse, MD Departments of Ophthalmology and Neurology, Emory University School of Medicine
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