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1 Zimmer, ZacharyDeterminants of old-age mortality in TaiwanRelationships among socio-demographic characteristics, general assessments of health, and old-age mortality are well established in developed countries. There is also an increasing focus on the connection between early-life experiences and late-life health. This paper tests these and other associat...Mortality determinants; Gompertz regression2003
2 Utz, Rebecca L.Procedure to correct proxy-reported weight in the National Health Interview Survey, 1976-2002Background: Data from the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) show a larger-than-expected increase in mean BMI between 1996 and 1997. Proxy-reports of height and weight were discontinued as part of the 1997 NHIS redesign, suggesting that the sharp increase between 1996 and 1997 may be artifactua...National Health Interview Survey; NHIS; Proxy-reported weight2009
3 Zimmer, ZacharyLiving arrangements of older adults in sub-Saharan Africa in a time of HIV/AIDSThe detrimental consequences of the AIDS epidemic for older adults in sub-Saharan Africa suggest the need to investigate their characteristics, living situations, and well-being. In this study, we examine the living arrangements of persons aged 60 and older in 16 countries. Data come from the house...Living arrangements; Older adults; Sub-Saharan Africa; HIV/AIDS2003
4 Wen, MingNeighborhood socioeconomic status and BMI differences by immigrant and legal status: Evidence from UtahWe build on recent work examining the BMI patterns of immigrants in the US by distinguishing between legal and undocumented immigrants. We find that undocumented women have relative odds of obesity that are about 10 percentage points higher than for legal immigrant women, and their relative odds of ...2014-01-01
5 Wen, MingPhysical activity and mortality among middle-aged and older adults in the United StatesBackground-Physical activity (PA) has been routinely linked to lower all-cause mortality, yet extant research in the United States is primarily based on non-representative samples. Evidence is scant on the relative and independent merits of leisure-time (LTPA) versus non-leisure-time (NLTPA) activit...2014-01-01
6 Wen, MingResidential racial composition and black-white obesity risks: differential effects of neighborhood social and built environmentThis study investigates the association between neighborhood racial composition and adult obesity risks by race and gender, and explores whether neighborhood social and built environment mediates the observed protective or detrimental effects of racial composition on obesity risks. Cross-sectional d...2014-01-01
7 Wen, MingSex and ethnic differences in validity of self-reported adult height, weight and body mass indexObjectives: Describe self-reported and mea-sured height, weight, and body mass index (BMI) stratified by sex and ethnicity in the United States, explore ethnic variations in the likelihood of under-reporting BMI, and investigate pathways linking race/ethnicity to the underassessment of BMI.2012-01-01
8 Wen, MingTrans-local ties, local ties and psychological well-being among rural-to-urban migrants in ShanghaiDuring the past three decades, an estimated 200 million rural residents have moved to urban centers in China. They are "sojourners" in the cities and maintain close ties with their home communities, which we term trans-local ties. This paper examines the relationship between migrants' social ties an...2012-01-01
9 Utz, Rebecca L.Walking the dog: the effect of pet ownership on human health and health behaviorsThis analysis explores whether pet owners have better physical health outcomes, and if so, whether the positive physical health benefits are explained by better health behaviors that result from having to take care of the pet's physical needs. Data come from the National Health and Nutrition Examina...2014-01-01
10 Utz, Rebecca L.Parental divorce among young and adult children: a long-term quantitative analysis of mental health and family solidarityIn 2008, it was estimated that 40 percent of all marriages ended in divorce (U.S. Census, 2004) . Research has long suggested that the consequences of divorce can be profound for the children of divorced families (Amato, 2000). For example, children who experienced parental divorce were 50 percent m...2012-01-01
11 Zimmer, ZacharyOlder persons' AIDS knowledge and willingness to provide care in an impoverished nation: evidence from CambodiaSince the beginning of the global pandemic, assessing knowledge and attitudes regarding AIDS has been an important subject of research and for good reasons. Given the unusual features of HIV/AIDS, there is considerable potential for misunderstanding important aspects of the disease that could affect...AIDS knowledge2007
12 Utz, Rebecca L.Obesity in America, 1960-2000: is it an age, period or cohort phenomenon?Increasing rates of obesity have sparked tremendous public concern because excess body weight is linked to a host of mortality, morbidity, and disability outcomes. Using five waves of data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), this project privides a four-decade pict...Health, weight; Overweight; Population trends2004-09-23
13 Utz, Rebecca L.What is a cohort effect? Comparison of three statistical methods for modeling cohort effects in obesity prevalence in the United States, 1971-2006Analysts often use different conceptual definitions of a cohort effect, and therefore different statistical methods, which lead to differing empirical results. A definition often used in sociology assumes that cohorts have unique characteristics confounded by age and period effects, whereas epidem...Cohort effect; Obesity prevalence2010
14 Zimmer, ZacharyActive life expectancy and functional limitations among older Cambodians: results from a 2004 surveyThis study's aims are to: 1) determine the prevalence of functional limitations among older adults in Cambodia using activities of daily living (ADLs); 2) compare limitation prevalence with other countries in the region; 3) estimate active life expectancy; 4) examine standard correlates of function...Active life expectancy; Functional limitations2005
15 Zimmer, ZacharyLiving arrangements of older adults in the developing world: an analysis of DHS household surveysUsing data from Demographic and Health Surveys, this study examines living arrangements of older adults in 43 developing countries and compares patterns by gender, world regions, and macro-level measures of socioeconomic development. Indicators include household size, headship, relationship to head...Demographic and Health Surveys; Living arrangements; Older adults2001
16 Zimmer, ZacharyChanges in functional limitations and survival among the elderly in Taiwan: 1993, 1996, and 1999This paper focuses on changes in the prevalence of functional limitations among nationally representative samples of adults aged 65 and older in Taiwan as measured in 1993, 1996, and 1999. Using data from the Survey of Health and Living Status of the Elderly in Taiwan, we investigate changes in diff...Functional limitation; Climbing stairs2002
17 Utz, Rebecca L.Grief, depressive symptoms, and physical health among recently bereaved spousesPurpose of Study: Widowhood is among the most distressing of all life events, resulting in both mental and physical health declines. This paper explores the dynamic relationship between physical health and psychological well-being among recently bereaved spouses. Design and Method: Using a sample of...2012-01-01
18 Utz, Rebecca L.Feeling lonely vs. being alone: loneliness and social support among recently bereaved personsObjectives: Despite increases in social support following widowhood, loneliness is among the most frequently reported challenges of bereavement. This analysis explores the dynamic relationship between social support and loneliness among recently bereaved older adults. Methods: Using longitudinal dat...2014-01-01
19 Mo, WenjingInstitutionalization among the elderly in Japan and China: a comparative study2013 Center on Aging Poster Retreat2013
20 Zimmer, ZacharyImpact of past conflicts and social disruption on the elderly in CambodiaCambodia experienced violence during the rule of the Khmer Rouge in the 1970s. Many who died were the children or spouses of today's elderly. This may have resulted in an erosion of family support in a country where formal channels of assistance are virtually absent. This article examines the extent...Cambodia; Elderly; Social Disruption; Conflicts; Poverty2006-06
21 Utz, Rebecca L.; Lund, Dale A.; Caserta, MichaelHumor, laughter, and happiness in the daily lives of recently bereaved spousesThe positive psychology movement has created more interest in examining the potential value of experiencing positive emotions (e.g., humor, laughter, and happiness) during the course of bereavement. This study of 292 recently widowed (5-24 weeks) men (39%) and women (61%) age 50 and over examined bo...bereavement adjustment2008-01-01
22 Zimmer, Zachary; Korinek, KimNumber of children and proximate residence among older adults in the context of population aging: a comparative analysis of six societies in the Asia-Pacific regionPopulation aging, occurring concurrently with social and economic change, has the potential to dismantle traditional support structures for older adults in the Asia-Pacific region. An example is the traditional system of living with an adult child, which may be threatened by smaller families and mor...Population; Aging; Asia-Pacific2007-08-18
23 Zimmer, ZacharyDifferentials in life expectancy and active life expectancy by socioeconomic status among older adults in BeijingThe study compares estimates of life expectancy and active life expectancy across indicators of socioeconomic status for a cohort of older adults in Beijing Municipality. Our aim is to determine whether associations found are consistent across indicators and with those typically observed in Western...Active life expectancy; Functional limitations2004
24 Wen, MingRacial and ethnic differences in general health status and limiting health conditions among American children: parental reports in the 1999 National Survey of America's FamiliesObjectives: This research investigates the association between race/ethnicity and child health and examines the role of family structure, family SES, and healthcare factors in this association. Five major racial/ethnic groups in the United States are studied. Two child health outcomes including pare...Socioeconomic status; Health care; Children; Race; Ethnicity2006-09-01
25 Zimmer, ZacharyFamily size and support of older adults in urban and rural China: current effects and future implicationsChina will experience rapid growth in the proportion and number of older people in its population in the near future as a consequence of an extraordinarily rapid decline in fertility over the past several decades. Total fertility rates were as high as 7.5 in the early 1950s, but have fallen to below...Urban China; Rural China; Support; Older adults; One-child policy2003
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