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1 Varner, Michael W.Episiotomy: techniques and indications.In current obstetric practice episiotomy is generally taken to refer to an incision of the perineum and vagina to facilitate vaginal delivery. While the most precise definition of this incision is perineotomy, episiotomy is the generally employed terminology and thus is used in this article. The e...Episiotomy; Adverse Effects; Perineotomy1986-06
2 Varner, Michael W.Elevated second-trimester maternal serum hCG: a marker of inadequate angiogenesis.OBJECTIVE: To measure angiogenin, a potent inducer of neovascularization and interleukin-6, as an indicator of acute inflammation, in second-trimester amniotic fluid of patients with elevated maternal serum hCG. METHODS: In this case-control study, 20 patients with elevated maternal serum hCG (at le...Angiogenesis Inducing Agents; Interleukin-6; Pregnancy Complications; hCG1998-04
3 Frazer, John K.Rituximab with chemotherapy in children and adolescents with central nervous system and/or bone marrow-positive Burkitt lymphoma/leukaemia: a childrens oncology group reportApproximately 1 in 4 children and adolescents with de-novo mature and Burkitt lymphoma (BL) present with high-risk disease that is either mature B-cell leukaemia (bone marrow ≥ 25% blasts [BM]) and/or have central nervous system (CNS) involvement. Both the Berlin-Frankfurt- Münster (BFM) and Fre...2014-01-01
4 Varner, Michael W.Endotoxin enhancement as a possible etiology of early-onset group B beta-hemolytic streptococcal sepsis in the newborn.Group B streptococcal cells, either viable or heat-killed, contain a substance that induced fever in rabbits with maximal responses occurring four hours after intravenous injection. In contrast, supernatant fluids failed to induce significant fever. Group B streptococcal cells also enhanced host sus...Newborns; Endotoxins; Group B Beta-Hemolytic Streptococcal Sepsis1983-05
5 Varner, Michael W.; Clark, Edward B.; Fernando, Kumari L.; Mathews, V. JohnRobust estimation of fetal heart rate variability using Doppler ultrasound.This paper presents a new measure of heart rate variability (HRV) that can be estimated using Doppler ultrasound techniques and is robust to variations in the angle of incidence of the ultrasound beam and the measurement noise. This measure employs the multiple signal characterization (MUSIC) algori...Prenatal Ultrasonography; Fetal Heart Rate; Blood Flow Velocity; Algorithms2003-08
6 Varner, Michael W.; Esplin, Michael S.Progression of pulmonary arteriovenous malformation during pregnancy: case report and review of the literature.Arteriovenous Malformations; Pulmonary Artery; Pregnancy Complications; Pulmonary Veins; Pulmonary Artery1997-04
7 Varner, Michael W.Risk of uterine rupture with a trial of labor in women with multiple and single prior cesarean delivery.OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the risk for uterine rupture is increased in women attempting vaginal birth after multiple cesarean deliveries. METHODS: We conducted a prospective multicenter observational study of women with prior cesarean delivery undergoing trial of labor and elective repeat oper...Cesarean Section, Repeat; Uterine Rupture; Vaginal Birth after Cesarean; Obstetric Labor Complications/surgery2006-07
8 Varner, Michael W.Asthma during pregnancyOBJECTIVE: To determine neonatal and maternal outcomes stratified by asthma severity during pregnancy by using the 1993 National Asthma Education Program Working Group on Asthma and Pregnancy definitions of asthma severity. The primary hypothesis was that moderate or severe asthmatics would have an ...Asthma; Infant, Newborn; Pregnancy Outcomes2004-01
9 Kriesel, John D.; Gooch, Willis M.; Pavia, Andrew T.Invasive sinonasal disease due to Scopulariopsis candida: case report and review of scopulariopsosis.Sinonasal infection with fungi of the order Mucorales--termed mucormycosis or zygomycosis--is sometimes seen in immunosuppressed patients, including those with diabetic ketoacidosis and malignancy. We describe a case of invasive sinonasal infection with Scopulariopsis candida (not among the Mucorale...Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor; Itraconazole; Maxillary Sinus1994
10 Florsheim, Paul W.; Ngu, LeDifferential outcomes among adolescent fathers: understanding fatherhood as a transformative processIn response to the rising numbers of mother headed households, there is a great debate about whether to encourage young unwed parents to marry. Policies designed to pursue and/or punish fathers who do not meet their legal and financial responsibilities and to promote marriage, carte blanche, are ref...Parenting; Gender; Matrimony2003-10-18
11 Varner, Michael W.; Hatasaka, Harry H.Recurrent pregnancy loss.Recurrent pregnancy loss is a frustrating clinical dilemma for both patients and physicians because, in most cases, causes are nebulous and few treatments with proven benefit can be offered. Involved, expensive tests have frequently been proposed and their use has often filtered into clinical practi...Recurrent Pregnancy Loss; Uterus/abnormalities; Chromosome Disorders; Abortion, Habitual1994-06
12 Moon, Ann M.; Capecchi, Mario R.Roles of Fgf4 and Fgf8 in limb bud initiation and outgrowth.Although numerous molecules required for limb bud formation have recently been identified, the molecular pathways that initiate this process and ensure that limb formation occurs at specific axial positions have yet to be fully elucidated. Based on experiments in the chick, Fgf8 expression in the in...Animals; Apoptosis; Forelimb; Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental; High Mobility Group Proteins; Hindlimb; In Situ Hybridization; Mesoderm; Mice, Mutant Strains; Trans-Activators2004-09
13 Varner, Michael W.X-ray pelvimetry in clinical obstetrics.X-ray pelvimetry has been used in obstetrics for over 80 years, but its clinical usefulness remains uncertain. Review of 101 consecutive x-ray pelvimetries obtained by Brown's modification of the Colcher-Sussman technique demonstrated the anteroposterior measurements to be of no value in predicting ...X-rey Pelvimetry;Labor Presentation; Ultrasonography; Abdominal Scout Film1980-09
14 Buchi, Karen F.; Varner, Michael W.Changing prevalence of prenatal substance abuse in Utah.OBJECTIVE: To estimate the current prevalence of prenatal exposure to methamphetamines and other drugs of abuse among infants born in Utah and compare the results with those of a maternal substance abuse prevalence study performed in 1991 in the same geographic area. METHODS: Thirteen well baby nurs...Street Drugs; Prenatal Care; Maternal Exposure; Infant, Newborn2003-06-12
15 Varner, Michael W.Maternal mortality in Utah.OBJECTIVE: To determine trends in maternal deaths in Utah, identify opportunities for preventive intervention, and analyze the mechanism of reporting maternal deaths. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of maternal death certificates and medical records in Utah from January 1, 1982, throug...Maternal Death; Utah; Pregnancy; Trauma; Pulmonary Emboliam; Maternal Cardiac Disease1998-02
16 Varner, Michael W.Blood transfusion and cesarean delivery.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate risks for intraoperative or postoperative packed red blood cell transfusion in women who underwent cesarean delivery. METHODS: This was a 19-university prospective observational study. All primary cesarean deliveries from January 1, 1999, to December 31, 2000, and all repeat c...Blood Transfusion; Postpartum Hemorrhage; Pregnancy Complications; Anemia2006-10
17 Varner, Michael W.Does progesterone treatment influence risk factors for recurrent preterm delivery?OBJECTIVE: To examine how demographic and pregnancy characteristics can affect the risk of recurrent preterm delivery and the how the effectiveness of progesterone treatment for prevention alters these relationships. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of a randomized trial of 17alpha-hydroxyprog...Preterm Delivery; Progesterone Treatment; Pregnancy; Risk Factors2005-09
18 Wen, Ming; Van Duker, Heather; Olson, Lenora MarySocial contexts of regular smoking in adolescence: towards a multidimensional ecological modelUsing data from the Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health), this study investigates factors at the individual, family, peer, school, neighborhood, and state levels that are important for subsequent adolescent cigarette regular smoking after controlling for the baseline smoking behavio...Adolescent smoking; Social capital; Family; Neighborhood; School; Teenagers; Teenage smoking2006-09-19
19 Varner, Michael W.Human placental lactogen and other placental proteins as indicators of fetal well-being.The purpose of this article will be to review the role of hPL and the newer hormones as indicators of fetal well-being.Human Placental Lactogen; Pregnancy Proteins; Indicators of Fetal Well-Being1982-12
20 Varner, Michael W.Decision-to-incision times and maternal and infant outcomes.OBJECTIVE: To measure decision-to-incision intervals and related maternal and neonatal outcomes in a cohort of women undergoing emergency cesarean deliveries at multiple university-based hospitals comprising the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Maternal-Fetal Medicine Units N...Cesarean Section; Fetal Distress; Outcome Assessment; Fetal Distress2006-07
21 Varner, Michael W.; Cannon, Cynthia; Ward, RobertPopulation-based study of congenital diaphragmatic hernia in Utah: 1988-1994.OBJECTIVE: To define the natural history of congenital diaphragmatic hernia and to determine the potential impact of fetal therapy. METHODS: This retrospective case series consisted of all fetuses and neonates with congenital diaphragmatic hernia born between 1988 and 1994 in the state of Utah that ...Hernia, Diaphragmatic; Fetal Diseases; Prenatal Diagnosis; Utah/epidemiology1996-06
22 Varner, Michael W.; Digre, Kathleen B.Cranial magnetic resonance imaging in eclampsia.Although the precise neuropathologic basis for eclamptic convulsions remains unclear, intracranial hemorrhage is frequently associated with fatal cases. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a recently developed neuroimaging technique that appears superior to other processes for defining intracranial ...Eclampsia; Brain Edema; Cranial Magnetic Resonance Imaging1987-09
23 Varner, Michael W.Spontaneous resolution of asymptomatic Chlamydia trachomatis in pregnancy.OBJECTIVE: We sought to estimate the rate of spontaneous resolution of asymptomatic Chlamydia trachomatis in pregnancy and to evaluate factors associated with its resolution. METHODS: A cohort of women enrolled in a large multicenter randomized bacterial vaginosis antibiotic trial (metronidazole ver...Pregnancy; Chlamydia Trachomatis; Sexually Transmitted Diseases2005-03
24 Varner, Michael W.Physiologic changes in pregnancy: surgical implications.Pregnancy has measurable effects on essentially every organ system in a woman's body. An understanding of these changes is vital for determining what is normal or abnormal in a pregnant woman. These changes frequently alter symptoms and signs of surgical diseases during pregnancy. In addition, ma...Pregnancy; Physiologic Changes; Surgical Implications1994-06
25 Varner, Michael W.Serial salivary estriol to detect an increased risk of preterm birth.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate serial measurements of salivary estriol (E3) to detect increased risk of spontaneous preterm labor and preterm birth. METHODS: A masked, prospective, multicenter trial of 956 women with singleton pregnancies was completed at eight United States medical centers. Saliva was coll...Estriol; Preterm Birth; Spontaneous Preterm Labor2000-10
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