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1 Varner, Michael W.Human placental lactogen: a predictor of perinatal outcome?Serial human placental lactogen (hPL) determinations were performed on 806 women with normal and abnormal pregnancies late in the pregnancy. These results were not reported to the clinicians involved. For the study population as a whole, low hPL levels did not effectively predict those adverse perin...Infant, Newborn; Placental Lactogen; Pregnancy; Prenatal Diagnosis1979-08
2 Varner, Michael W.hPL: physiologic and pathophysiologic observations.Serum human placental lactogen (hPL) levels were studied in 806 women in late pregnancy. The hPL levels were positively correlated with birth weight but were unrelated to maternal age, parity, socioeconomic status, or the sex of the newborn. The hPL levels peaked at 37 weeks' gestation and then decl...hPL; Pregnancy Complications; Pregnancy, Multiple; Infant, Newborn; Birth Weight1979-08
3 Varner, Michael W.X-ray pelvimetry in clinical obstetrics.X-ray pelvimetry has been used in obstetrics for over 80 years, but its clinical usefulness remains uncertain. Review of 101 consecutive x-ray pelvimetries obtained by Brown's modification of the Colcher-Sussman technique demonstrated the anteroposterior measurements to be of no value in predicting ...X-rey Pelvimetry;Labor Presentation; Ultrasonography; Abdominal Scout Film1980-09
4 Varner, Michael W.Human placental lactogen and other placental proteins as indicators of fetal well-being.The purpose of this article will be to review the role of hPL and the newer hormones as indicators of fetal well-being.Human Placental Lactogen; Pregnancy Proteins; Indicators of Fetal Well-Being1982-12
5 Varner, Michael W.Diagnosis of maternal cystic fibrosis during pregnancy.The third and fourth cases of maternal cystic fibrosis diagnosed during pregnancy are presented. Quantitative pilocarpine iontophoresis (sweat chlorides) must be performed to establish the diagnosis. Other important findings include recurrent or persistent respiratory symptoms, chest x-ray abnormali...Pregnancy; Cystic Fibrosis; Chlorides; Respiratory Insufficiency1983-03
6 Varner, Michael W.Endotoxin enhancement as a possible etiology of early-onset group B beta-hemolytic streptococcal sepsis in the newborn.Group B streptococcal cells, either viable or heat-killed, contain a substance that induced fever in rabbits with maximal responses occurring four hours after intravenous injection. In contrast, supernatant fluids failed to induce significant fever. Group B streptococcal cells also enhanced host sus...Newborns; Endotoxins; Group B Beta-Hemolytic Streptococcal Sepsis1983-05
7 Varner, Michael W.Systemic lupus erythematosus.Systemic lupus erythematosus is an autoimmune disease of unresolved cause afflicting predominantly women in their childbearing years. Speculation exists as to the relative roles of viruses, histocompatibility loci such as HLA-DR3, and estrogenmediated decreases in suppressor cell function. Whateve...Systemic Lupus Erythematosus; Pregnancy Complications1983-09
8 Varner, Michael W.Decidual, amniotic fluid, maternal and fetal prolactin in normal and abnormal pregnancies.In the present studies, the content and the in vitro production of prolactin by decidua as well as the concentrations of prolactin in amniotic fluid, maternal and fetal serum in normal term pregnancies, induced abortions at various gestational ages, and in pregnancies complicated by diabetes mellitu...Decidual; Amniotic Fluid; Prolactin; Pregnancy Complications1984-03
9 Varner, Michael W.Multiple gestation: time interval between delivery of the first and second twins.A clinical investigation was undertaken to challenge the commonly accepted view that the interval between the birth of the first and second twins should be preferably within 15 minutes and certainly no more than 30 minutes. During 1981 and 1982, 115 patients with live-born twins at 34 or more weeks'...Twins; Time Interval Between Births; Fetal Monitoring1984-04
10 Varner, Michael W.; Digre, Kathleen B.Pseudotumor cerebri and pregnancy.Pseudotumor cerebri (PTC) is most commonly seen in obese women of reproductive age. We studied 109 women with PTC between ages 16 and 44 years. In 11, PTC started during pregnancy. Thirteen women with previous diagnosis of PTC, including two of the aforementioned 11, had an additional 17 documented ...Pregnancy Complications; Pseudotumor Cerebri; Vision disorders; Headache; Intracranial Pressure1984-06
11 Varner, Michael W.Episiotomy: techniques and indications.In current obstetric practice episiotomy is generally taken to refer to an incision of the perineum and vagina to facilitate vaginal delivery. While the most precise definition of this incision is perineotomy, episiotomy is the generally employed terminology and thus is used in this article. The e...Episiotomy; Adverse Effects; Perineotomy1986-06
12 Varner, Michael W.Abnormal pregnancy sonogram: selective indication for fetal karyotype.The inability to make a definitive diagnosis in the fetus with a sonographically identified abnormality often results in parental and physician uncertainty. An antenatal chromosome evaluation could resolve this uncertainty. Forty-one fetuses with an abnormal ultrasound examination were tested for ka...Chromosome Disorders; Pregnancy; Karyotyping; Abnormalities; Amniocentesis1987-01
13 Varner, Michael W.; Digre, Kathleen B.Cranial magnetic resonance imaging in eclampsia.Although the precise neuropathologic basis for eclamptic convulsions remains unclear, intracranial hemorrhage is frequently associated with fatal cases. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a recently developed neuroimaging technique that appears superior to other processes for defining intracranial ...Eclampsia; Brain Edema; Cranial Magnetic Resonance Imaging1987-09
14 Varner, Michael W.Randomized study of closure of the peritoneum at cesarean delivery.This study was conducted to test the hypothesis that nonclosure of the visceral and parietal peritoneum during low transverse cervical cesarean delivery is not associated with increased intraoperative or immediate postoperative complications. One hundred thirteen patients scheduled for low transvers...Cesarean Section; Postoperative Complications; Visceral and Parietal Peritoneum closure1991-06
15 Buchi, Karen F.; Varner, Michael W.Prevalence of substance abuse among pregnant women in Utah.OBJECTIVE: To determine the rate of substance use among Utah's pregnant women, who are primarily white and middle class, for comparison to rates reported in studies of inner-city populations. METHODS: Urine specimens and demographic data were obtained anonymously from women who delivered infants at ...Substance Abuse; Pregnancy; Utah/epidemiology1993-02
16 Varner, Michael W.; Jackson, G. MarcSevere pulmonary hypertension in pregnancy following successful repair of ventricular septal defect in childhood.BACKGROUND: Because of advances in surgical repair, an increasing number of women born with structural cardiac disease now live to reproductive age. Patients treated successfully in childhood are followed for varying periods of time, then may be lost to follow-up or told that no follow-up is necessa...Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular; Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular; Hypertension, Pulmonary1993-10
17 Kriesel, John D.; Gooch, Willis M.; Pavia, Andrew T.Invasive sinonasal disease due to Scopulariopsis candida: case report and review of scopulariopsosis.Sinonasal infection with fungi of the order Mucorales--termed mucormycosis or zygomycosis--is sometimes seen in immunosuppressed patients, including those with diabetic ketoacidosis and malignancy. We describe a case of invasive sinonasal infection with Scopulariopsis candida (not among the Mucorale...Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor; Itraconazole; Maxillary Sinus1994
18 Varner, Michael W.; Hatasaka, Harry H.Recurrent pregnancy loss.Recurrent pregnancy loss is a frustrating clinical dilemma for both patients and physicians because, in most cases, causes are nebulous and few treatments with proven benefit can be offered. Involved, expensive tests have frequently been proposed and their use has often filtered into clinical practi...Recurrent Pregnancy Loss; Uterus/abnormalities; Chromosome Disorders; Abortion, Habitual1994-06
19 Varner, Michael W.Physiologic changes in pregnancy: surgical implications.Pregnancy has measurable effects on essentially every organ system in a woman's body. An understanding of these changes is vital for determining what is normal or abnormal in a pregnant woman. These changes frequently alter symptoms and signs of surgical diseases during pregnancy. In addition, ma...Pregnancy; Physiologic Changes; Surgical Implications1994-06
20 Varner, Michael W.Elevations of amniotic fluid macrophage inflammatory protein-1 alpha concentrations in women during term and preterm labor.OBJECTIVE: To determine whether elevated concentrations of macrophage inflammatory protein-1 alpha (MIP-1 alpha) in amniotic fluid (AF) are related to term and preterm labor. METHODS: Amniotic fluid was obtained from women from five different clinical situations: 1) term cesarean delivery, no labor ...Amniotic Fluid; Macrophage Inflammatory Protein-1; Obstetric Labor, Premature1996-01
21 Varner, Michael W.; Cannon, Cynthia; Ward, RobertPopulation-based study of congenital diaphragmatic hernia in Utah: 1988-1994.OBJECTIVE: To define the natural history of congenital diaphragmatic hernia and to determine the potential impact of fetal therapy. METHODS: This retrospective case series consisted of all fetuses and neonates with congenital diaphragmatic hernia born between 1988 and 1994 in the state of Utah that ...Hernia, Diaphragmatic; Fetal Diseases; Prenatal Diagnosis; Utah/epidemiology1996-06
22 Varner, Michael W.Intergenerational predisposition to operative delivery.OBJECTIVE: To determine the risk of cesarean delivery for women who themselves were born via operative delivery. METHODS: A linked data base was constructed between the birth certificates of individuals born in Utah during 1947-1957 (parental cohort) and who subsequently became a parent of offspring...Cesarean Section; Cohort Studies; Delivery, Obstetric; Obstetric Labor Complications1996-06
23 Varner, Michael W.; Esplin, Michael S.Progression of pulmonary arteriovenous malformation during pregnancy: case report and review of the literature.Arteriovenous Malformations; Pulmonary Artery; Pregnancy Complications; Pulmonary Veins; Pulmonary Artery1997-04
24 Varner, Michael W.; Porter T. FlintRisk of preterm birth across generations.OBJECTIVE: To examine the risk of preterm birth for mothers who themselves were born before term. METHODS: Data were taken from a linked data base of birth certificates composed of two cohorts: 1) a parental cohort of women born between 1947 and 1957 and 2) their offspring born between 1970 and 1992...Preterm mothers; Pregnancy; Premature; Risk1997-07
25 Varner, Michael W.Maternal mortality in Utah.OBJECTIVE: To determine trends in maternal deaths in Utah, identify opportunities for preventive intervention, and analyze the mechanism of reporting maternal deaths. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of maternal death certificates and medical records in Utah from January 1, 1982, throug...Maternal Death; Utah; Pregnancy; Trauma; Pulmonary Emboliam; Maternal Cardiac Disease1998-02
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