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1 Normann, Richard A.; Chandler, John P.Effects of calcium ions on L-type horizontal cells in the isolated turtle retinaA technique by which the retina can be isolated from the turtle eye is described. Scanning electron microscopy revealed morphological variability between preparations and also between regions of the same one. Large areas were often totally free of any pigment epithelial cells, yet contained a high p...Retina; Calcium; Horizontal Cell; Turtle1990
2 Cannon, Grant W.; Clayton, Frederic; Griffiths, Marie M.Passive transfer of adjuvant-induced arthritis into irradiated DA recipient rats.Adjuvant-induced arthritis (AIA) can be passively transferred in Dark Agouti (DA) rats by spleen and lymph node cells after culture with Concanavalin A (Con A). A model not requiring in vitro Con A expansion and activation would be important in investigations of anti-rheumatic drugs in AIA. A new mo...Cell Transplantation; Rats, Inbred Strains1993
3 Kriesel, John D.; Baringer, J R; Spruance, Spotswood L.Correlation between detection of herpes simplex virus in oral secretions by PCR and susceptibility to experimental UV radiation-induced herpes labialis.We examined the oral secretions of 25 patients for herpes simplex virus (HSV) at the time of and following experimental UV radiation (UVR). HSV was detected in one or more oral secretion specimens in 5 of 12 (42%) cases by cell culture and in 8 of 12 (67%) cases by PCR. On the day of UVR, HSV was de...Polymerase Chain Reaction; Ultraviolet Rays; Simplexvirus1994
4 Digre, Kathleen B.; Gouw, Launce G.; Harris, Catherine P.; Haines, John H.; Ptacek, L.J.Autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia with retinal degeneration: clinical, neuropathologic, and genetic analysis of a large kindred.The autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxias (ADCA) comprise a heterogeneous group of neurologic disorders characterized by degeneration of the cerebellum, spinal cord, and brainstem. Genetic analysis has revealed two loci, SCA1 on chromosome 6p, and SCA2 on chromosome 12q, responsible for some ADCA. W...Retinal Degeneration; Cerebellar Ataxia; Genetic Analysis1994-08
5 Eichwald, Ernst; Capecchi, Mario R.; Thomas, Kirk R.Mouse model for the delta F508 allele of cystic fibrosisThe most common cause of cystic fibrosis is a mutation that deletes phenylalanine 508 in cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR). The delta F508 protein is misprocessed and degraded rather than traveling to the apical membrane. We used a novel strategy to introduce the delta F508 ...Digestive System; Disease Models, Animal; Electrolytes; Mice, Inbred C57BL1995-10
6 Kriesel, John D.; Spruance, Spotswood L.; Daynes, Raymond A.Nucleic acid vaccine encoding gD2 protects mice from herpes simplex virus type 2 disease.Nucleic acid vaccinations with plasmids pWW65, containing the sequence for herpes simplex type 2 (HSV-2) gD2, and pRSVnt, lacking the gD sequence, were studied. Groups of mice were immunized with pWW65 alone, pWW65 plus 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin-D3 (D3), or pRSVnt. Clinical disease (vaginitis), serum an...Mice, Inbred BALB C; Plasmids; Viral Vaccines1996
7 Jaskowski, Troy D.Polymerase chain reaction detection of Lyme disease: correlation with clinical manifestations and serologic responsesThe Author's have developed a simple, nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay for amplification of an outer surface protein A (OspA) gene fragment of Borrelia burgdorferi using rapid temperature cycling and ethidium bromide detection on agarose gels, and applied it to the diagnosis of Lyme dis...PCR; Rapid cycle amplification1996
8 Jaskowski, Troy D.Screening for antinuclear antibodies by enzyme immunoassayIndirect fluorescent antibody (IFA) is the most widely used method in clinical laboratories to screen for autoantibodies against a wide variety of nuclear antigens. Recently, a number of antinuclear antibody (ANA) enzyme immunoassay (EIA) screens have become commercially available and claim to be an...Antinuclear antibodies; Enzyme immunoassay1996
9 Aldous, Jay A.; Engar, Richard C.Do dentists prescribe narcotics excessively?Dealing with pain is an inevitable sequela to dental treatment. Although several drug regimens primarily involving narcotics have been used in the past, availability of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) has increased recently. A study was conducted to analyze dental prescribing patterns ...Analgesics, Opioid; Anti-Inflammatory Agents; Dentist's Practice Patterns; Pain, Postoperative1996-07-01
10 Hymas, Weston C.Ultrasonic enhancement of antibiotic action on several species of bacteriaThe effect of the antibiotics gentamicin, streptomycin, kanamycin, tetracycline, and ampicillin on planktonic cultures of Enterobacter aerogenes, Serratia marcescens, Salmonella derby, Streptococcus mitis, and Staphylococcus epidermidis with and without an application of 70 kHz ultrasound was studi...Enterobacter aerogenes; Serratia marcescens; Salmonella derby; Streptococcus mitis; Staphylococcus epidermidis; Planktonic cultures; Gentamicin; Streptomycin; Kanamycin; Tetracycline; Ampicillin; Ultrasonic enhancement; Bioacoustic effect1998
11 Jaskowski, Troy D.Comparison of capillary zone and immunosubtraction with agarose gel and immunofixation electrophoresis for detecting and identifying monoclonal gammopathiesCapillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) and immunosubtraction electrophoresis (ISE) were evaluated for ability to detect and immunotype monoclonal proteins, compared with agarose gel electrophoresis (AGE) and immunofixation electrophoresis (IFE), respectively. Six hundred seventeen serum samples wer...Capillary zone electrophoresis; Immunosubtraction electrophoresis; CZE; ISE; Monoclonal protein electrophoresis; Serum protoin electrophoresis; Agarose gel; Dysproteinemias1999
12 Jaskowski, Troy D.Evaluation of a PCR probe capture assay for the detection of Toxoplasma gondii: incorporation of uracil N-glycosylase for contamination controlToxoplasma gondii is a cyst-forming parasite of clinical relevance in humans primarily because of the neurologic abnormalities it can cause. In some clinical circumstances, it is desirable to detect the pathogen directly. We modified a commercially available Toxoplasma polymerase chain reaction...PCR probe capture assay; Uracil N-glycosylase; UNG2000
13 Konnick, Eric Q.; Erali, Maria; Ashwood, Edward R.; Hillyard, David R.Comparison of the National Genetics Institute (NGI) HCV Superquant and Roche COBAS Amplicor HCV Monitor, Version 2.0 AssaysChronic Hepatitis C infection is currently recognized as an important health care problem. It is estimated that nearly 4 million Americans are infected, 15 to 20 percent of whom will eventually develop Cirrhosis. Current treatments for Hepatitis C virus (HCV) are limited to alfa-interferon alone or ...Cirrhosis; Patients2000-04-22
14 Jaskowski, Troy D.Multiplex analysis of heterophil antibodies in patients with indeterminate HIV immunoassay resultsWe hypothesized that heterophil antibodies reactive with animal proteins used in blot preparation caused nonspecific staining (NSS) on HIV Western blot (WB) studies, causing indeterminate results. We analyzed samples showing NSS on HIV WB using a multiplexed immunoassay to simultaneously measur...Heterophil antibodies; Heterophil interference; Multiplex analysis; False-positive HIV enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay; ELISA2001
15 Jaskowski, Troy D.Comparison of four enzyme immunoassays with a western blot assay for the determination of type-specific antibodies to herpes simplex virusMost current enzyme immunoassays (EIAs) differentiate inadequately between types 1 and 2 herpes simplex virus (HSV) antibodies since significant crossreactivity exists. We compared 4 IgG type-specific EIAs using a Western blot assay for resolution of discrepant results. The Diamedix had sensitivit...Enzyme immunoassays; Western blot assay; Type-specific antibodies2001
16 Konnick, Eric Q.; Erali, Maria; Ashwood, Edward R; Hillyard, David RComparison of the DIGENE HBV HYBRID CAPTURE II AND ROCHE COBAS Amplicor HBV Monitor Assays.Evaluate and compare the performance characteristics of the COBAS Amplicor HBV Monitor test (Roche Diagnostics Corp.) and the HBV Hybrid capture II (Digene Corporation) assay for the quantification of HBV BNA Levels.Quantitative Tests; Linearity Studies2001-08-19
17 Owen, William E.; Roberts, William L.Comparable effects of DIGIBIND and DigiFab in thirteen digoxin immunoassaysDigoxin is widely prescribed for the treatment of cardiac conditions (1). Because of its narrow therapeutic range, digoxin-related toxicity resulting from acute or chronic overdose is common. Metabolites of digoxin as well as related compounds, including digitoxin, tanshinones, bufandienolide, a...DIGIBIND; DigiFab; Digoxin immunoassays; Digoxin toxicity2002
18 Jaskowski, Troy D.Determination of cytokine responses using a multiplexed fluorescent microsphere immunoassayWe used a multiplexed fluorescent microsphere immunoassay to develop a sandwich capture assay to assess simultaneously the production of thymus helper (TH) 1- and TH2-type cytokines in tissue culture supernatant obtained from stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells. The assay then was use...Multiplexed fluorescent microsphere immunoassay2002
19 Konnick, Eric Q.; Williams, Sheri M.; Ashwood, Edward R; Hillyard, David RPerformance characteristics of the COBAS HCV TaqMan ASR and Comparison to the COBAS Amplicor HCV Monitor, Version 2.0 and Versant HCV bDNA 3.0.Evaluate the COBAS HCV TaqMan ASR assay using both the Qiagen BioRobot 9604 and a 1mL extraction protocol for HCV RNA isolation. And Compare the COBAS TaqMan HCV ASR assay to the COBAS Amplicor HCV Monitor, Version 2.0 and Versant HCV bDNA 3.0 assays.Quantitative Tests; Linearity Studies2002-11-21
20 Owen, William E.; Roberts, William L.Comparison of five automated serum and whole blood folate assaysSerum and whole blood folate measurements are used to establish folate deficiency. Most methods used in clinical laboratories are automated, nonisotopic methods that use folate-binding protein. Linearity, imprecision, and method comparison studies, including serum and whole blood hemolysates, wer...Folate assays; Serum folate; Whole blood folate; Automated assays2003
21 Owen, William E.; Roberts, William L.Performance characteristics of four immunonephelometric assays for the quantitative determination of IgA and IgM in cerebrospinal fluidMeasurement of IgA and IgM in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) can be useful in the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis and other central nervous system disorders. The Dade Behring (Deerfield, IL) N Latex IgA and N Latex IgM tests on the BN II System and Beckman Coulter (Brea, CA) low-concentration IgA an...IgA; IgM; Immunonephelometric assays; Imprecision; Method comparison; Reference interval2003
22 Konnick, Eric Q.; Williams, Sheri M.; Ashwood, Edward R.; Hillyard, David R.Performance Characteristics of the COBAS HCV TaqMan ASR Using Armored RNA CalibratorsAs improved therapies have become available for Hepatititis C Virus (HCV) infection, the use of assays to quantitate HCV RNA has increased dramatically (3, 14, 16). The initial use of these assays was to predict the likelihood of therapy based on baseline HCV RNA levels. These reports indicated that...Roche Amplicor Monitor; NGI Superquant; patients2003-04-22
23 Stevenson, Jeff; Procter, Melinda; Hillyard, David R.Real time PCR assays for the detection of viral pathogens - are they the gold standard?Over the past decade, PCR testing for infectious agents in the clinical laboratory has begun to replace other methods, such as culture. PCR is often now referred to as the 'gold standard' in this field. Further evolution of this technology has seen the introduction of real time PCR, replacing tradit...Polymorphism; Target DNA2003-11-11
24 Singleton, J. Robinson; Smith, A. GordonMicrovascular complications of impaired glucose tolerance.Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) serves as a marker for the state of insulin resistance and predicts both large- and small-vessel vascular complications, independent of a patient's progression to diabetes. Patients with IGT are at significantly increased risk for death and morbidity due to myocardia...Microcirculation; Humans2003-12-01
25 Owen, William E.; Roberts, William L.Performance characteristics of eight estradiol immunoassaysMeasurement of estradiol is useful in assisted reproduction, evaluation of infertility, menopause, and male feminization. The analytic performance of 8 estradiol immunoassays was evaluated. The imprecision and accuracy of the Access, ADVIA Centaur, ARCHITECT i2000, AutoDELFIA, Elecsys 2010, IMMULI...Estradiol immunoassays2004
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