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1 100 electrode intracortical array: structural variabilityA technique has been developed for fabricating three dimensional "hair brush" electrode arrays from monocrystalline silicon blocks. Arrays consist of a square pattern of 100 penetrating electrodes, with 400 microns interelectrode spacing. Each electrode is 1.5mm in length and tapers from about 100 m...Microelectrode arrays; Stimulation; Micromachining1990
2 A computer graphics method for solving transcendental equationsThere are a number of ways to determine the values of x which satisfy the equation F(x)=0. (The case of interest here is that in which F i s a complex function of the complex variable x.) One way is to search for values of x which make Real (F(x)) and Imaginary (F(x)) both zero at the same time wher...Transcendental equations1970
3 Acute human brain responses to intracortical microelectrode arrays: challenges and future prospectsThe emerging field of neuroprosthetics is focused on the development of new therapeutic interventions that will be able to restore some lost neural function by selective electrical stimulation or by harnessing activity recorded from populations of neurons. As more and more patients benefit from thes...2014-01-01
4 Adaptive parameter selection for asynchronous intrafascicular multi-electrode stimulationThis paper describes an adaptive algorithm for selecting perelectrode stimulus intensities and inter-electrode stimulation phasing to achieve desired isometric plantar-flexion forces via asynchronous, intrafascicular multi-electrode stimulation. The algorithm employed a linear model of force product...2012-01-01
5 Advanced demultiplexing system for physiological stimulationA CMOS very large scale integration (VLSI) chip has been designed and built to implement a scheme developed for multiplexing/demultiplexing the signals required to operate an intracortical stimulating electrode array. Because the use of radio telemetry in a proposed system utilizing this chip may im...Electrode Array; Stimulation; Telemetry; Microelectrodes; Transistors1997
6 An experiment in using interactive computer graphics in teaching transient transmission-line theoryAn interactive computer graphics routine was developed and used in teaching EE 553, Electromagnetic Fields, autumn quarter, 1969, in the Electrical Engineering Department of the University of Utah. The routine displayed the propagation of the voltage ave form produced by a step-function generator do...1970
7 Analysis of the dynamic mutation in the SCA7 gene shows marked parental effects on CAG repeat transmission.The gene for spinocerebellar ataxia 7 (SCA7) includes a transcribed, translated CAG tract that is expanded in SCA7 patients. We have determined expansions in 73 individuals from 17 SCA7 kindreds and compared them with repeat lengths of 180 unaffected individuals. Subjects with abnormal expansions co...Genetics; Biosynthesis; SCA7 Gene1998-03-07
8 Annotation and analysis of 10,000 expressed sequence tags from 3 mouse eye cDNA librariesBACKGROUND: As a biomarker of cellular activities, the transcriptome of a specific tissue or cell type during development and disease is of great biomedical interest. We have generated and analyzed 10,000 expressed sequence tags (ESTs) from three mouse eye tissue cDNA libraries: embryonic day 15.5 (...Cluster Analysis; DNA, Complementary; Gene Expression Profiling2003
9 Anti-interleukin-6 antibodies inhibit herpes simplex virus reactivation.Herpes simplex viruses (HSVs) infect epithelial cells, become localized in neurons, and can reactivate in response to a variety of stimuli, including ultraviolet light and hyperthermia. The sequence of gene activation during viral replication is known, but the molecular linkage between exogenous sti...Mice, Inbred BALB C; Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha; Virus Activation1997
10 Autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia with retinal degeneration: clinical, neuropathologic, and genetic analysis of a large kindred.The autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxias (ADCA) comprise a heterogeneous group of neurologic disorders characterized by degeneration of the cerebellum, spinal cord, and brainstem. Genetic analysis has revealed two loci, SCA1 on chromosome 6p, and SCA2 on chromosome 12q, responsible for some ADCA. W...Retinal Degeneration; Cerebellar Ataxia; Genetic Analysis1994-08
11 Autosomal dominant cone dystrophy caused by a novel mutation in the GCAP1 gene (GUCA1A)PURPOSE: To describe the clinical features and genetic analysis of a family with an autosomal dominant cone dystrophy (adCD). METHODS: Selected members of a family with an autosomal dominant cone dystrophy underwent ophthalmic evaluation. Blood samples were obtained, genomic DNA was isolated, and ge...Mutation, Missense; DNA Mutational Analysis; Electroretinography2005
12 Background and bleaching adaptation in luminosity type horizontal cells in the isolated turtle retina1. The effects of background illumination and bleached photopigment on luminosity type horizontal cells were studied in the isolated turtle retina. 2. Background illumination, which produced less than 60% bleaching, hyperpolarized and desensitized the horizontal cells to a degree which depended upon...Turtles; Retina; Photoreceptors; Bleached photopigment; Dark Adaptation1990
13 Bilateral retinal and brain tumors in transgenic mice expressing simian virus 40 large T antigen under control of the human interphotoreceptor retinoid-binding protein promoterWe have previously shown that postnatal expression of the viral oncoprotein SV40 T antigen in rod photoreceptors (transgene MOT1), at a time when retinal cells have withdrawn from the mitotic cycle, leads to photoreceptor cell death (Al-Ubaidi et al., 1992. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 89:1194-1198)....Simian virus 40; Retinol-Binding Proteins; Promoter Regions (Genetics)1992
14 Biochemical characterization of the retinoid isomerase system of the eyeWe have previously shown that membranes from the retinal pigment epithelium can transform added all-trans-retinol into a mixture of 11-cis-retinoids, demonstrating the "missing reaction" in the visual cycle for the first time (Bernstein, P. S., Law, W. C., and Rando, R. R. (1987) Proc. Natl. Acad. S...Hydrogen-Ion Concentration1987
15 Calcium-sensitive particulate guanylyl cyclase as a modulator of cAMP in olfactory receptor neuronsThe second messengers cAMP and inositol-1,4,5-triphosphate have been implicated in olfaction in various species. The odorant-induced cGMP response was investigated using cilia preparations and olfactory primary cultures. Odorants cause a delayed and sustained elevation of cGMP. A component of this c...Calcium-Binding Proteins; Nerve Tissue Proteins; Rats, Sprague-Dawley1998
16 Calcium-sensitive regions of GCAP1 as observed by chemical modifications, fluorescence, and EPR spectroscopiesGuanylyl cyclase-activating proteins are EF-hand Ca(2+)-binding proteins that belong to the calmodulin superfamily. They are involved in the regulation of photoreceptor membrane-associated guanylyl cyclases that produce cGMP, a second messenger of vertebrate vision. Here, we investigated changes in ...Amino Acid Motifs; Cyclic N-Oxides; EF Hand Motifs2001
17 Carcinomatous meningitis as the presenting manifestation of gallbladder carcinoma: case report and review of the literatureThe primary tumors that typically cause carcinomatous meningitis include lung cancer, breast cancer, leukemia, lymphoma and melanoma. A variety of neurological signs and symptoms can be seen depending on the extent and location of the meningeal metastasis. Once the diagnosis of carcinomatous meningi...Carcinomatous Meningitis; Gallbladder Carcinoma; Leptomeningeal Metastasis; Meningeal Carcinomatosis; Cranial Neuropathy2004-10
18 Cataract surgery complications in 1 year at an academic institutionPURPOSE: To delineate all complication rates of cataract surgery and define normative rates, trends, and outliers as part of continuous quality management. SETTING: John A. Moran Eye Center, University of Utah Health Sciences Center, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. METHODS: All cataract surgeries done at...Intraoperative Complications/Epidemiology; Adverse Effects; Cataract Surgery1999-05
19 Central neurogenic hyperventilation: pharmacologic intervention with morphine sulfate and correlative analysis of respiratory, sleep, and ocular motor dysfunction.Central neurogenic hyperventilation (CNH), for which there is no effective therapy, can eventually result in respiratory fatigue and death. This report describes a patient with CNH due to a brainstem anaplastic astrocytoma who also exhibited disturbances of sleep and ocular motor function. The CNH r...Central Neurogenic H yperventilation; Ocular Motor Dysfunction1990-11
20 Centrin 2 is required for mouse olfactory ciliary trafficking and development of ependymal cilia planar polarityCentrins are ancient calmodulin-related Ca2-binding proteins associated with basal bodies. In lower eukaryotes, Centrin2 (CETN2) is required for basal body replication and positioning, although its function in mammals is undefined. We generated a germline CETN2 knock-out (KO) mouse presenting with s...2014-01-01
21 CFH Y402H Confers similar risk of soft Drusen and both forms of advanced AMDBACKGROUND: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of irreversible visual impairment in the developed world. The two forms of advanced AMD, geographic atrophy and neovascular AMD, represent different pathological processes in the macula that lead to loss of central vision. S...2005
22 Characterization of bovine rod outer segment G-proteinA simple modified procedure is described for isolating and purifying peripherally bound membrane proteins from bovine rod outer segment disks. The methods yield milligram quantities of G-protein and cGMP phosphodiesterase which are suitable for reconstitution with membranes containing visual pi...Heterotrimeric GTP-Binding Proteins; Macromolecular Substances; Rhodopsin1982
23 Characterization of human GRK7 as a potential cone opsin kinasePURPOSE: Homozygous inactivation of the mouse gene for GRK1 (G protein-coupled receptor kinase 1, or rhodopsin kinase) causes severe defects in the recovery of cone phototransduction. However, electroretinographic (ERG) analyses of human oguchi patients with defective GRK1 alleles showed normal or s...Amino Acid Sequence; Chromosomes, Human, Pair 3; Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect2001
24 Characterization of the chicken GCAP gene array and analyses of GCAP1, GCAP2, and GC1 gene expression in normal and rd chicken pinealPURPOSE: This study had three objectives: (1) to characterize the structures of the chicken GCAP1 and GCAP2 genes; (2) to determine if GCAP1, GCAP2, and GC1 genes are expressed in chicken pineal gland; (3) if GC1 is expressed in chicken pineal, to determine if the GC1 null mutation carried by the re...Molecular Sequence Data; Promoter Regions (Genetics); Retinal Degeneration1999
25 Circuits for local and global signal integration in primary visual cortexContrast-dependent changes in spatial summation and contextual modulation of primary visual cortex (V1) neuron responses to stimulation of their receptive field reveal long-distance integration of visual signals within V1, well beyond the classical receptive field (cRF) of single neurons. To identif...Primary Visual Cortex; Extrastriate Cortex; Feed-back Connections; Lateral Connections; SUrround Modulation; Macaque2002-10-01
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