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1 A genome-wide study replicates linkage of 3p22-24 to extreme longevity in humans and identifies possible additional lociBackground: Although there is abundant evidence that human longevity is heritable, efforts to map loci responsible for variation in human lifespan have had limited success. Methodology/Principal Findings: We identified individuals from a large multigenerational population database (the Utah Populati...2012-01-01
2 Absence of radius and ulna in mice lacking hoxa-11 and hoxd-11.Mice with targeted disruptions in Hox genes have been generated to evaluate the role of the Hox complex in determining the mammalian body plan. This complex of 38 genes encodes transcription factors that specify regional information along the embryonic axes. Early in vertebrate evolution an ancestra...Alleles; Animals; Bone and Bones; Carpal Bones2003-09-02
3 Altered enzymes in drug-resistant variants of mammalian tissue culture cells.Two selective procedures are compared in an effort to isolate variants of mouse L cells containing structural gene mutations. Among the resulting variant cloned cell lines are found two types of alterations in theenzyme hypoxanthine phosphoribosyl transferase (EC (1): enzyme with altered ...Drug Resistance; Azaguanine; Clone Cells; Hypoxanthines1973-11
4 Alveolar rhabdomyosarcomas in conditional Pax3:Fkhr mice: cooperativity of Ink4a/ARF and Trp53 loss of function.Alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma is an aggressive childhood muscle cancer for which outcomes are poor when the disease is advanced. Although well-developed mouse models exist for embryonal and pleomorphic rhabdomyosarcomas, neither a spontaneous nor a transgenic mouse model of alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma has...Cell Differentiation; Forkhead Transcription Factors; Myogenic Regulatory Factors2004-11-01
5 Characterization of three proteins involved in polypeptide chain termination.At each stage of elongation, the growing polypeptide chain is bound to the ribosome-messenger RNA complex through the transfer RNA of the most recently incorporated amino acid residue. When the chain is complete, the last polypeptide-transfer RNA (tuna) ester linkage is cleaved, releasing the chain ...Anti-Bacterial Agents; Phenylalanine; Stimulation, Chemical1969
6 Choose your target.The technology of modifying endogenous genes has recently been extended from mice to Drosophila and sheep. Concurrently, genomic sequencing is uncovering thousands of previously uncharacterized genes. Armed with today's technologies, what are our best options for delineating the functions of these n...Animals; Mice; Sheep2000-09-13
7 Cleft palate in mice with a targeted mutation in the gamma-aminobutyric acid-producing enzyme glutamic acid decarboxylase 67.The functions of neurotransmitters in fetal development are poorly understood. Genetic observations have suggested a role for the inhibitory amino acid neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the normal development of the mouse palate. Mice homozygous for mutations in the beta-3 GABAA rec...Animals, Newborn; Crosses, Genetic1997-10-14
8 Critical role of tissue angiotensin-converting enzyme as revealed by gene targeting in miceAngiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) generates the vasoconstrictor angiotensin II, which plays a critical role in maintenance of blood pressure in mammals. Although significant ACE activity is found in plasma, the majority of the enzyme is bound to tissues such as the vascular endothelium. We used ta...Blood pressure; ACE activity; Enzyme1997-03-06
9 Detection of targeted GFP-Hox gene fuogenesissions during mouse embry.The ability to use a vital cell marker to study mouse embryogenesis will open new avenues of experimental research. Recently, the use of transgenic mice, containing multiple copies of the jellyfish gene encoding the green fluorescent protein (GFP), has begun to realize this potential. Here, we show ...Chimera; Crosses, Genetic; Gestational Age; Green Fluorescent Proteins; Mice, Inbred C57BL; Phenotype1998-10-27
10 Developmental defects of the ear, cranial nerves and hindbrain resulting from targeted disruption of the mouse homeobox gene Hox-1.6.Gene targeting in mouse embryo-derived stem cells has been used to generate mice with a disruption in the homeobox gene Hox-1.6. Mice heterozygous at the Hox-1.6 locus appear normal, whereas Hox-1.6-/Hox-1.6- mice die at or shortly after birth. These homozygotes exhibit profound defects in the forma...Chromosome Mapping; Genetic Vectors; Mice, Inbred C57BL2002-06-27
11 Disruption of the proto-oncogene int-2 in mouse embryo-derived stem cells: a general strategy for targeting mutations to non-selectable genes.Gene targeting--homologous recombination of DNA sequences residing in the chromosome with newly introduced DNA sequences--in mouse embryo-derived stem cells promises to provide a means to generate mice of any desired genotype. We describe a positive nd negative selection procedure that enriches 2,00...Animals; Clone Cells; Restriction Mapping; Stem Cells1988-11-24
12 Duplication of the Hoxd11 gene causes alterations in the axial and appendicular skeleton of the mouse.The Hox genes encode a group of transcription factors essential for proper development of the mouse. Targeted mutation of the Hoxd11 gene causes reduced male fertility, vertebral transformation, carpal bone fusions, and reductions in digit length. A duplication of the Hoxd11 gene was created with th...Animals; Bone Development; Forelimb; Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental2002-09-01
13 Efficient correction of mismatched bases in plasmid heteroduplexes injected into cultured mammalian cell nuclei.Heteroduplexes were prepared from two plasmids, pRH4-14/TK and pRH5-8/TK, containing different amber mutations in the neomycin resistance gene (Neor). The Neor gene was engineered to be expressed in both bacterial and mammalian cells. A functional Neor gene conferred kanamycin resistance to bacteria...Cell Nucleus; Cells, Cultured; Microinjections1985-01
14 Establishment of mammalian cell lines containing multiple nonsense mutations and functional suppressor tRNA genes.We describe the generation of mammalian cell lines carrying amber suppressor genes. Nonsense mutants in the herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase (HSV tk) gene, the Escherichia coli xanthine-guanine phosphoribosyl transferase (Eco-gpt) gene and the aminoglycoside 3' phosphotransferase gene of the Tn...Cercopithecus aethiops; Escherichia coli; Xenopus1982-11-30
15 Expression of a microinjected porcine class I major histocompatibility complex gene in transgenic mice.A porcine class I major histocompatibility complex (SLA) gene has been introduced into the genome of a C57BL/10 mouse. This transgenic mouse expressed SLA antigen on its cell surfaces and transmitted the gene to offspring, in which the gene is also expressed. Skin grafts of such transgenic mice were...Genetic Engineering; Graft Rejection; Mice, Inbred C57BL1985-05-03
16 Fgf8 is required for outgrowth and patterning of the limbs.The expression pattern and activity of fibroblast growth factor-8 (FGF8) in experimental assays indicate that it has important roles in limb development, but early embryonic lethality resulting from mutation of Fgf8 in the germ line of mice has prevented direct assessment of these roles. Here we rep...Animals; Body Patterning; Bone Morphogenetic Proteins; Ectoderm2000-12-26
17 Fundamental cellular processes do not require vertebrate-specific sequences within the TATA-binding protein.The 180-amino acid core of the TATA-binding protein (TBPcore) is conserved from Archae bacteria to man. Vertebrate TBPs contain, in addition, a large and highly conserved N-terminal region that is not found in other phyla. We have generated a line of mice in which the tbp allele is replaced with a v...Mice, Knockout; Cells, Cultured; Fibroblasts; Embryo2003-02-21
18 Gene targeting. How efficient can you get?With targeting in Leishmania and Trypanosoma, there are now greater incentives to develop the technology in organisms of intermediate complexity such as Caenorhabditis elegans and Drosophila. The ratio of homologous to nonhomologus recombination in these organisms might prove to be greater than in m...Animals; DNA Mutational Analysis; Recombination, Genetic1990-11-08
19 Gene targeting: tapping the cellular telephone.Gene targeting means that we now have the potential to generate mice of virtually any desired genotype. In the first instance, standards recombinant DNA technology is used to alter a cloned DNA sequence of a chosen locus; the modified potent stem cell derived from a mouse embryo, and homologous reco...Animals; Blotting, Southern; Bone and Bones; Gene Targeting; Genotype; Immunochemistry; In Situ Hybridization; Mice1990-03-08
20 Generating mice with targeted mutations.Mutational analysis is one of the most informative approaches available for the study of complex biological processes. It has been particularly successful in the analysis of the biology of bacteria, yeast, the nematode worm Caenorhabditis elegans and the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster. Extension ...Animals; Recombination, Genetic; Stem Cells2001-10-01
21 Genetic interaction between hoxb-5 and hoxb-6 is revealed by nonallelic noncomplementation.hoxb-5 and hoxb-6 are adjacent genes in the mouse HoxB locus and are members of the homeotic transcription factor complex that governs establishment of the mammalian body plan. To determine the roles of these genes during development, we generated mice with a targeted disruption in each gene. Three ...Alleles; CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Proteins; Cervical Vertebrae; DNA-Binding Proteins; Forelimb; Genetic Complementation Test1995-01-01
22 High efficiency transformation by direct microinjection of DNA into cultured mammalian cells.Direct microinjection of DNA by glass micropipettes was used to introduce the Herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase gene into cultured mammalian cells. When DNA was delivered directly into the nuclei of LMTK-, a mouse cell line deficient in thymidine kinase activity, 50--100% of the cells expressed ...Cell Nucleus; Cytoplasm; DNA, Viral; Microinjections; Recombination, Genetic1980-11-22
23 High-fidelity gene targeting in embryonic stem cells by using sequence replacement vectors.Mutations were targeted to the Hprt locus in murine embryonic stem cells by using sequence replacement vectors. When the vector was designed such that the mutated sequences were flanked on both sides by several kilobases of DNA homologous to the target locus, replacement of chromosomal sequences wit...Drug Resistance; Gene Rearrangement; Gentamicins1992-07
24 Homologous recombination between coinjected DNA sequences peaks in early to mid-S phase.We have examined the effect of cell cycle position on homologous recombination between plasmid molecules coinjected into synchronized rat fibroblasts. Recombination activity was found to be low in G1 and to rise 10- to 15-fold, peaking in early to mid-S phase.Cell Line; Kinetics; Plasmids1986-06
25 Housekeeping gene xanthine oxidoreductase is necessary for milk fat droplet enveloping and secretion: gene sharing in the lactating mammary gland.Xanthine oxidoreductase (XOR) is the rate-limiting enzyme in purine catabolism occurring in most cell types. However, this housekeeping gene is expressed at very high levels in a number of mammalian tissues including the lactating mammary epithelium, suggesting additional roles for XOR in these tiss...Body Weight; Cell Differentiation; Cell Membrane; Epithelium2002-12-15
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