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1 Idiopathic intracranial hypertension. Relationship to depression, anxiety, and quality of lifeOBJECTIVE: To explore the incidence of depression and anxiety and to measure quality of life in women with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), a matched group cross-sectional study was conducted. Women with IIH (n = 28) were compared with control groups of weight- and age-matched women not d...Intracranial Hypertension; Depression; Anxiety; Quality of Life2000-01-25
2 Pseudotumor cerebri and pregnancy.Pseudotumor cerebri (PTC) is most commonly seen in obese women of reproductive age. We studied 109 women with PTC between ages 16 and 44 years. In 11, PTC started during pregnancy. Thirteen women with previous diagnosis of PTC, including two of the aforementioned 11, had an additional 17 documented ...Pregnancy Complications; Pseudotumor Cerebri; Vision disorders; Headache; Intracranial Pressure1984-06
3 Robust estimation of fetal heart rate variability using Doppler ultrasound.This paper presents a new measure of heart rate variability (HRV) that can be estimated using Doppler ultrasound techniques and is robust to variations in the angle of incidence of the ultrasound beam and the measurement noise. This measure employs the multiple signal characterization (MUSIC) algori...Prenatal Ultrasonography; Fetal Heart Rate; Blood Flow Velocity; Algorithms2003-08
4 Asthma during pregnancyOBJECTIVE: To determine neonatal and maternal outcomes stratified by asthma severity during pregnancy by using the 1993 National Asthma Education Program Working Group on Asthma and Pregnancy definitions of asthma severity. The primary hypothesis was that moderate or severe asthmatics would have an ...Asthma; Infant, Newborn; Pregnancy Outcomes2004-01
5 Changing prevalence of prenatal substance abuse in Utah.OBJECTIVE: To estimate the current prevalence of prenatal exposure to methamphetamines and other drugs of abuse among infants born in Utah and compare the results with those of a maternal substance abuse prevalence study performed in 1991 in the same geographic area. METHODS: Thirteen well baby nurs...Street Drugs; Prenatal Care; Maternal Exposure; Infant, Newborn2003-06-12
6 Decidual, amniotic fluid, maternal and fetal prolactin in normal and abnormal pregnancies.In the present studies, the content and the in vitro production of prolactin by decidua as well as the concentrations of prolactin in amniotic fluid, maternal and fetal serum in normal term pregnancies, induced abortions at various gestational ages, and in pregnancies complicated by diabetes mellitu...Decidual; Amniotic Fluid; Prolactin; Pregnancy Complications1984-03
7 Diagnosis of maternal cystic fibrosis during pregnancy.The third and fourth cases of maternal cystic fibrosis diagnosed during pregnancy are presented. Quantitative pilocarpine iontophoresis (sweat chlorides) must be performed to establish the diagnosis. Other important findings include recurrent or persistent respiratory symptoms, chest x-ray abnormali...Pregnancy; Cystic Fibrosis; Chlorides; Respiratory Insufficiency1983-03
8 Does progesterone treatment influence risk factors for recurrent preterm delivery?OBJECTIVE: To examine how demographic and pregnancy characteristics can affect the risk of recurrent preterm delivery and the how the effectiveness of progesterone treatment for prevention alters these relationships. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of a randomized trial of 17alpha-hydroxyprog...Preterm Delivery; Progesterone Treatment; Pregnancy; Risk Factors2005-09
9 Episiotomy: techniques and indications.In current obstetric practice episiotomy is generally taken to refer to an incision of the perineum and vagina to facilitate vaginal delivery. While the most precise definition of this incision is perineotomy, episiotomy is the generally employed terminology and thus is used in this article. The e...Episiotomy; Adverse Effects; Perineotomy1986-06
10 Fetal injury associated with cesarean delivery.OBJECTIVE: To describe the incidence and type of fetal injury identified in women undergoing cesarean delivery. METHODS: Between January 1, 1999, and December 31, 2000, a prospective cohort study of all cesarean deliveries was conducted at 13 university centers. Information regarding maternal and in...Birth Injuries; Cesarean Section; Adverse Effects2006-10
11 Intergenerational predisposition to operative delivery.OBJECTIVE: To determine the risk of cesarean delivery for women who themselves were born via operative delivery. METHODS: A linked data base was constructed between the birth certificates of individuals born in Utah during 1947-1957 (parental cohort) and who subsequently became a parent of offspring...Cesarean Section; Cohort Studies; Delivery, Obstetric; Obstetric Labor Complications1996-06
12 Maternal mortality in Utah.OBJECTIVE: To determine trends in maternal deaths in Utah, identify opportunities for preventive intervention, and analyze the mechanism of reporting maternal deaths. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of maternal death certificates and medical records in Utah from January 1, 1982, throug...Maternal Death; Utah; Pregnancy; Trauma; Pulmonary Emboliam; Maternal Cardiac Disease1998-02
13 Multiple gestation: time interval between delivery of the first and second twins.A clinical investigation was undertaken to challenge the commonly accepted view that the interval between the birth of the first and second twins should be preferably within 15 minutes and certainly no more than 30 minutes. During 1981 and 1982, 115 patients with live-born twins at 34 or more weeks'...Twins; Time Interval Between Births; Fetal Monitoring1984-04
14 Population-based study of congenital diaphragmatic hernia in Utah: 1988-1994.OBJECTIVE: To define the natural history of congenital diaphragmatic hernia and to determine the potential impact of fetal therapy. METHODS: This retrospective case series consisted of all fetuses and neonates with congenital diaphragmatic hernia born between 1988 and 1994 in the state of Utah that ...Hernia, Diaphragmatic; Fetal Diseases; Prenatal Diagnosis; Utah/epidemiology1996-06
15 Prevalence of substance abuse among pregnant women in Utah.OBJECTIVE: To determine the rate of substance use among Utah's pregnant women, who are primarily white and middle class, for comparison to rates reported in studies of inner-city populations. METHODS: Urine specimens and demographic data were obtained anonymously from women who delivered infants at ...Substance Abuse; Pregnancy; Utah/epidemiology1993-02
16 Progression of pulmonary arteriovenous malformation during pregnancy: case report and review of the literature.Arteriovenous Malformations; Pulmonary Artery; Pregnancy Complications; Pulmonary Veins; Pulmonary Artery1997-04
17 Randomized study of closure of the peritoneum at cesarean delivery.This study was conducted to test the hypothesis that nonclosure of the visceral and parietal peritoneum during low transverse cervical cesarean delivery is not associated with increased intraoperative or immediate postoperative complications. One hundred thirteen patients scheduled for low transvers...Cesarean Section; Postoperative Complications; Visceral and Parietal Peritoneum closure1991-06
18 Risk of preterm birth across generations.OBJECTIVE: To examine the risk of preterm birth for mothers who themselves were born before term. METHODS: Data were taken from a linked data base of birth certificates composed of two cohorts: 1) a parental cohort of women born between 1947 and 1957 and 2) their offspring born between 1970 and 1992...Preterm mothers; Pregnancy; Premature; Risk1997-07
19 Risk of uterine rupture with a trial of labor in women with multiple and single prior cesarean delivery.OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the risk for uterine rupture is increased in women attempting vaginal birth after multiple cesarean deliveries. METHODS: We conducted a prospective multicenter observational study of women with prior cesarean delivery undergoing trial of labor and elective repeat oper...Cesarean Section, Repeat; Uterine Rupture; Vaginal Birth after Cesarean; Obstetric Labor Complications/surgery2006-07
20 Selective MR imaging approach for evaluation of patients with Horner's syndrome.PURPOSE: To assess the usefulness of MR in the evaluation of patients with Horner's syndrome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We prospectively performed MR imaging in 33 patients with Horner's syndrome (13 preganglionic and 20 postganglionic) using a protocol specifically designed for pre- and postganglionic ...Horner Syndrome; Magnetic Resonance Imaging; Epidemiology1992-01
21 X-ray pelvimetry in clinical obstetrics.X-ray pelvimetry has been used in obstetrics for over 80 years, but its clinical usefulness remains uncertain. Review of 101 consecutive x-ray pelvimetries obtained by Brown's modification of the Colcher-Sussman technique demonstrated the anteroposterior measurements to be of no value in predicting ...X-rey Pelvimetry;Labor Presentation; Ultrasonography; Abdominal Scout Film1980-09
22 Endotoxin enhancement as a possible etiology of early-onset group B beta-hemolytic streptococcal sepsis in the newborn.Group B streptococcal cells, either viable or heat-killed, contain a substance that induced fever in rabbits with maximal responses occurring four hours after intravenous injection. In contrast, supernatant fluids failed to induce significant fever. Group B streptococcal cells also enhanced host sus...Newborns; Endotoxins; Group B Beta-Hemolytic Streptococcal Sepsis1983-05
23 Immunolocalization and divergent roles of phosducin and phosducin-like protein in the retinaPURPOSE: These investigations were undertaken to compare and contrast the roles of phosducin and phosducin-like protein in the retina. METHODS: Phosducin and phosducin-like protein were compared in an in vitro assay measuring their inhibition of transducin binding to light-activated rhodopsin. The t...Antibody Specificity; Protein Binding; Rod Outer Segments1999
24 hPL: physiologic and pathophysiologic observations.Serum human placental lactogen (hPL) levels were studied in 806 women in late pregnancy. The hPL levels were positively correlated with birth weight but were unrelated to maternal age, parity, socioeconomic status, or the sex of the newborn. The hPL levels peaked at 37 weeks' gestation and then decl...hPL; Pregnancy Complications; Pregnancy, Multiple; Infant, Newborn; Birth Weight1979-08
25 Pre-clinical animal model for ovarian cancer using live imaging systemDevelopment of a live imaging animal model for orthotopic ovarian cancers in order to better understand disease mechanisms and response to potential anticancer drug treatments.Ovarian cancer; Cancer; Animal model; Live imaging; Cell culture; ACCESS2015-04-14
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