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1 Assessing the validity of the endoscopic shunt insertion trial: did surgical experience affect the results?Object. Most surgical procedures are associated with a learning curve in which the success rate is lower early in the experience before mistakes have been identified and modifications made to the procedure. Negative results obtained early in a trial's learning curve may be a matter of timing rather ...Endoscopic shunt insertion; Ventriculoperitoneal shunt; Pediatric neurosurgery; Surgical experience2004-01-01
2 Terson syndrome: CT evaluation in 12 patients.PURPOSE: Terson syndrome may be overlooked in the acute setting and often requires ophthalmologic intervention to prevent long-term visual loss. In this syndrome, vitreous or retinal hemorrhage results from an abrupt rise in intracranial pressure, leading to retinal venous hypertension and intraocul...Retinal Hemorrhage; Visual Acuity; Vitreous Hemorrhage1998-04
3 Inter- and intraobserver reliability of computed tomography in assessment of thoracic pedicle screw placementStudy Design. Reliability study of computed tomography imaging in 12 cadaver specimens instrumented with titanium or stainless steel thoracic pedicle screws. Objective. To evaluate inter- and intraobserver reliability of computed tomography scan in determining the accuracy of thoracic pedicle sc...Thoracic pedicle screw; Placement; Assessment; Computed tomography2003
4 Magnetic resonance neurography for cervical radiculopathy: a preliminary reportMAGNETIC RESONANCE NEUROGRAPHY was used to directly image cervical spinal nerves in patients with clinical and radiographic evidence of cervical radiculopathy. A magnetic resonance imaging phased-array coil system was used to obtain high-resolution coronal T1-weighted spin echo, coronal/axial T2-wei...1996
5 Spinal extradural arachnoid cysts: clinical, radiological, and surgical featuresExtradural arachnoid cysts in the spine are rare and are seldom a cause of spinal cord compression. They are thought to arise from congenital defects in the dura mater, and they almost always communicate with the intrathecal subarachnoid space through a small defect in the dura. The mainstay of trea...Spinal extradural arachnoid cyst; Spinal meningeal cyst; Neurogenic claudication2007
6 Minimally invasive thoracoscopic resection of paraspinal neurogenic tumors: technical case reportOBJECTIVE: The posterior mediastinum is a common location for benign neurogenic tumors. They are frequently asymptomatic but can present with local compressive or neurological symptoms. METHODS: Thoracoscopy is used increasingly over posterolateral thoracotomy for the removal of these lesions. RES...2008-01-01
7 Ruptured intracranial dermoid cysts: clinical, radiographic, and surgical featuresIntracranial dermoid cysts are pathologically characterized by a thick, stratified squamous epithelium cyst wall containing dermal elements. Rupture into the subarachnoid spaces and ventricles is extremely rare. We review the clinical, radiographic, and surgical features of eight ruptured dermoid c...Dermoid cyst; Intracranial; Rupture; Tumor2008
8 Revision of vagal nerve stimulator electrodes: technical approachPurpose To demonstrate the feasibility of complete removal of the vagal nerve stimulator electrode using microsurgical technique. Methods Operative databases at the University of Utah (1995 through 2002), Westchester Medical Center (1995 through 2001), and University of Arizona Health Sciences Ce...Vagal nerve stimulation; Helical electrode; Electrode revision2004
9 Unruptured posterior communicating artery aneurysm presenting with gustatory seizures and temporal lobe edemaUnruptured cerebral aneurysms presenting with seizures are unusual. We describe a case of a growing middle cerebral artery aneurysm presenting with gustatory seizures with magnetic resonance imaging showing peri-aneurysmal edema. This case is the first to show temporal lobe edema associated with inc...Seizure; Brain edema; PCOM2009-04
10 Intracranial hypotension as a complication of lumbar puncture prior to elective aneurysm clippingBackground: Lumbar dural defects are an uncommon but important cause of persistent intracranial hypotension in the neurosurgical population. We present a case of intracranial hypotension after elective craniotomy due to a lumbar puncture performed 3 weeks earlier. Case Description: A 55‑year‑old...2014-01-01
11 Guideline update for the performance of fusion procedures for degenerative disease of the lumbar spine. Part 4: Radiographic assessment of fusion statusThe ability to identify a successful arthrodesis is an essential element in the management of patients undergoing lumbar fusion procedures. The hypothetical gold standard of intraoperative exploration to identify, under direct observation, a solid arthrodesis is an impractical alternative. Therefore...2014-01-01
12 Guideline update for the performance of fusion procedures for degenerative disease of the lumbar spine. Part 8: Lumbar fusion for disc herniation and radiculopathyPatients suffering from a lumbar herniated disc will typically present with signs and symptoms consistent with radiculopathy. They may also have low-back pain, however, and the source of this pain is less certain, as it may be from the degenerative process that led to the herniation. The surgical al...2014-01-01
13 Guideline update for the performance of fusion procedures for degenerative disease of the lumbar spine. Part 11: Interbody techniques for lumbar fusionInterbody fusion techniques have been promoted as an adjunct to lumbar fusion procedures in an effort to enhance fusion rates and potentially improve clinical outcome. The medical evidence continues to suggest that interbody techniques are associated with higher fusion rates compared with posterolat...2014-01-01
14 Guideline update for the performance of fusion procedures for degenerative disease of the lumbar spine. Part 6: Discography for patient selectionIdentifying the etiology of pain for patients suffering from chronic low-back pain remains problematic. Noninvasive imaging modalities, used in isolation, have not consistently provided sufficient evidence to support performance of a lumbar fusion. Provocative testing has been used as an adjunct in ...2014-01-01
15 Management of meningiomas involving the transverse or sigmoid sinusMeningiomas that invade the transverse or sigmoid sinuses are uncommon tumors that are challenging to treat surgically. Although the risk of recurrence is associated with the extent of resection, complete removal of meningiomas in these locations must be balanced with avoidance of venous outflow obs...2013-01-01
16 Medpor implant in cranioorbitomaxillary reconstruction: institutional experience and a review of the literatureAutologous materials remain the gold standard for complex skull base and craniofacial reconstruction, but they carry additional morbidity associated with the second harvest procedure and with prolonged operation time. These autologous materials also resorb in a way that is not predictable, rendering...Medpor; Alloplastic material; Autogenous tissue; Craniofacial reconstruction; Skull base surgery; Methylmethacrylate; Silicone2008
17 Diagnosis and management of sacral Tarlov cystsPerineurial (Tarlov) cysts are meningeal dilations of the posterior spinal nerve root sheath that most often affect sacral roots and can cause a progressive painful radiculopathy. Tarlov cysts are most commonly diagnosed by lumbosacral magnetic resonance imaging and can often be demonstrated by com...Tarlov cysts; Meningeal dilations; Spinal lesion; Outcome2003
18 Conflict and opportunity: neurosurgery and industryThe relationship between neurosurgery and industry is multifaceted. Most aspects of this relationship promote the advancement of a highly technical field such as neurosurgery, helping neurosurgeons bring ever more effective therapies to their patients. However, serious ethical and legal concerns a...2007-01-01
19 De novo fenestration of the optic nerve case illustration.Fenestration of the optic nerve or chiasm due to the presence of aneurismal dilation of the internal carotid artery (ICA) has been described. In three out of five cases reviewed recently, the optic nerve was penetrated by an ICAΓÇôophthalmic artery aneurysm.3 Penetration of the optic nerve was du...Aneurysm; Congenital Optic Nerve2005-02-01
20 Retained peritoneal shunt tubing causing hematuriaThis 14-year-old boy with congenital hydrocephalus underwent initial shunt placement shortly after birth. During his first 6 years of life, multiple ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt revisions were performed to address seven shunt malfunctions and one shunt infection (Staphylococcus epidermidis). Dur...2006
21 Perioperative complications and neurological outcomes of first and second craniotomies among patients enrolled in the Glioma Outcome ProjectIn many new clinical trials of patients with malignant gliomas surgical intervention is incorporated as an integral part of tumor-directed interstitial therapies such as gene therapy, biodegradable wafer placement, and immunotherapy. Assessment of toxicity is a major component of evaluating these no...Perioperative complications; Neurological outcomes; Glioma Outcome Project2003
22 Guidelines for the performance of fusion procedures for degenerative disease of the lumbar spine. Part 1: introduction and methodologyAs scientific understanding of the pathophysiology of degenerative disease of the lumbar spine has increased, the possibilities for correcting the underlying problem and the resulting improvement in clinical function have expanded exponentially. Fueled by advances in material technology and surgica...Lumbar fusion; Lumbar spine; Degenerative disease; Practice guidelines2005
23 Astrocytoma cell lineTO THE EDITOR: It has long been established clinically that patients with neurofibromatosis Type 1 (NF1) have an increased susceptibility to develop many central and peripheral tumors. The nature of the genetic alterations underlying NF1 have recently begun to be characterized. It has been demo...2001
24 Paragangliomas of the sellar region: report of two casesTWO CASES OF paraganglioma arising from the parasellar region are presented. Both occurred in middle-aged women who sought treatment of headaches but who had no endocrinological dysfunction; one case was associated with ophthalmoplegia from cavernous sinus involvement. Diagnosis in both cases was ...Paragangliomas; Sellar region; Parasellar region; Chemodectoma; Pituitary tumor1993
25 Timing and influence of MRI on the management of patients with cervical facet dislocations remains highly variable: a survey of members of the Spine Trauma Study GroupBackground: Traumatic cervical facet dislocations are potentially devastating injuries. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is an excellent means of assessing ligamentous disruption, disk herniation, and compression of the neural elements. However, despite an improved understanding of these facet dislo...Cervical facet dislocations; MRI; Spine Trauma Study Group2009
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