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1 Firmage, Edwin B.Ernst Freund: pioneer of administrative lawErnst Freund was born in New York City on January 30, 1864, during a visit of his family to the United States from their native Germany. Much of his education took place in Germany, a fact that significantly influenced his views on administrative law. He studied successively at Dresden, Frankfort, B...Memoriam; Biography1962
2 Flynn, John J.Constitutional difficulties of Utah's executive branch and the need for reformUtah's constitution of 1896 has been aptly described as a "horse and buggy" constitution. Like most of her sister states, Utah adopted a constitution designed to accommodate a society accustomed to the nineteenth century pace of a horse and buggy at the very time that the industrial revolution was l...Utah, Constitution; Executive branch1966
3 Flynn, John J.Federalism and viable state government: the history of Utah's ConstitutionThe decade of the 1960's has witnessed, thus far, a sharp upswing of interest in the state of the states. Financial crisis, political paralysis, reapportionment, and the continued trend of federal intervention in heretofore "local" affairs have forced believers in the federal idea to reexamine the s...Constitution, Law; History1966
4 Flynn, John J.Survey of injunctive relief under state and federal antitrust lawsRelatively little has been written about equitable relief under state and federal antitrust laws.1 Equity power in antitrust enforcement means much more than the mere power to restrain a defendant from doing an act for which the plaintiff has no "remedy at law," to order a defendant to remove a nuis...Statute; Directive1967
5 Firmage, Edwin B.Inner-outer speaks outDuring 1965 and 1966, I worked as an assistant to Vice President Hubert Humphrey and, in addition, participated in a program that permitted 15 young men to enjoy informal suppers and extended off-the-record chats with the President in the White House, attend frequent sessions with the Vice Preside...White House Fellows; Hubert Humphrey; Vietnam1967
6 Firmage, Edwin B.International law and the response of the United States to "Internal WarWith the spectre of nuclear weapons acting as a restraint upon the nations in terms of the levels and types of violence they will employ to achieve national goals, warfare since 1945 has undergone radical change. There has been no massive, overt aggression by one major power against another, altho...Warfare; International relations; Politics1967
7 Flynn, John J.Criminal sanctions under state and federal antitrust lawsPerhaps the most violently debated issue in the law of antitrust remedies is whether criminal sanctions should be imposed. Some have made impassioned pleas for a crusade against criminal sanctions as abettors of "communism";1 others have complained that private business interests in the United Sta...Antimonopoly; Antisocial; Interests1967
8 Flynn, John J.Antitrust and the newspapers a comment on S. 1312The American newspaper industry, often called "The Fourth Estate," apparently believes it has fallen on hard times. The aristocrats of the Fourth Estate, the daily newspapers, came to the Ninetieth Congress seeking a boon: relaxation of the rigors of antitrust policy as applied to mergers and joint ...Publishers; Circulation; Revenues1968
9 Firmage, Edwin B.Treaty on the nonproliferation of nuclear weaponsTHE NEED : On March 13, 1969, the United States Senate by a vote of 83 to 15 consented to the ratification of a treaty described as "the most important international agreement brought before the U. S. Senate since the North Atlantic Pact" and "the most important international agreement limiting nucl...Arms control; Diffusion of arms; Atomic negotiations1969-10
10 Firmage, Edwin B.Fact-finding in the resolution of international disputes: from the Hague Peace Conference to the United NationsHere is the law, as Zeus established it for human beings; as for fish, and wild animals, and the flying birds, they feed on each other, since there is no idea of justice among them; but to men he gave justice, and she in the end is proved the best thing they have. The enduring quest of the peacema...Politics; Mediation; International politics1971
11 Firmage, Edwin B.Arms control in the 70's... and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more. (Isa. 2:4.) The vision of a time of peace-a time in which man's genius and his physical resources would be devoted entirel...1971
12 Firmage, Edwin B.J. Reuben Clark, Jr., law and international orderPresident J. Reuben Clark, Jr., spent his professional career, spanning some twenty-seven years, as an international lawyer.1 From the time of his graduation from the Columbia Law School in 1906 and his appointment as assistant Solicitor (an assistant legal adviser in the Department of State) in the...Arbitration; Settlement; Resolution1973
13 Firmage, Edwin B.Law of presidential impeachmentThis Article will focus upon four influences that together determine the law of presidential impeachment: English law; the Constitutional Convention and state ratifying conventions; American impeachment experience; and public policy considerations. It is the public policy considerations upon which ...Wrongdoing; Executive branch1973
14 Firmage, Edwin B.Law and the Indochina War: a retrospective viewThis century, from the Hague Conferences through the Vietnam War, has seen a profound change in attitudes toward the role of law as a constraint upon foreign policy. The Hague Conferences represented at once an attempt, however feeble, by men of mixed motives to emplace fledgling prophylactic lega...Foreign affairs; Dispute resolution; International disputes; Arbitration1974
15 Firmage, Edwin B.Vladivostok and beyond: SALT I and the propects for SALT IIThe tortuously constricted boundaries within which the Vladivostok agreement can be considered as an advance toward the goal of arms reduction and stability remind us once again that technology unconstrained by law inexorably limits that arena within which we enjoy the capacity to control our own f...Arms control; SALT I; SALT II; Atomic negotiations1975
16 Firmage, Edwin B.Utah Supreme Court and the rule of law: Phillips and the Bill of Rights in UtahThe Utah Supreme Court in State v. Phillips denied the applicability of the freedom of speech provisions of the fist amendment (and by dicta any other provision of the Bill of Rights) as a protection of individual rights against state governments by way of the due process clause of the fourteenth am...Utah Law; Utah Supreme Court; Free speech1975
17 Flynn, John J.Distributive justice: some institutional implication of Rawls' Theory of JusticeDistributive justice combines Philosophy;, economics, and jurisprudence in an attempt to establish the fundamental theory by which wealth and resources are allocated among the members of a society. The need for a rationally based distributive system to allocate resources in an organized society aris...Justice, theory; Philosophy;, Law; Jurisprudence; Economics1975
18 Firmage, Edwin B.; Mangrum, CollinRemoval of the president: resignation and the procedural law and impeachmentThe aborted proceeding to impeach Richard Nixon has stimulated debate about the appropriateness of the impeachment process as a check upon the arbitrary use of presidential power. Impeachment has been criticized as a cumbersome, agonizingly slow, and unjustifiably expensive way for Congress to expre...Richard Nixon pardon; Presidential misconduct; Political punishments1975-01
19 Flynn, John J.Social, political and economic consequences of corporate sizeCongress has often expressed its concern for fostering the long term values of small business as the cornerstone of a viable political, social and economic system guaranteeing fundamental human freedom, maximizing economic opportunity and well-being, and providing political stability in the world's...Small business; Freedom; Congress1976
20 Flynn, John J.Professional ethics and the lawyer's duty to selfA peaceful society depends on the high ethical standards of its lawyers: Communal trust in the legal process gives force to the law that helps to maintain society as a cohesive organism. In the past decade of turmoil, mutual trust and confidence in our institutions has declined; individual interes...Society; Amorality; Standards1976
21 Flynn, John J.Antitrust jurisprudence: a symposium on the economic, political and social goals of antitrust policyFelix S. Cohen has observed that [a]n ethics, like a metaphysics, is no more certain and no less dangerous because it is unconsciously held. There are few judges, psychoanalysts, or economists today who do not begin a consideration of their typical problems with some formula designed to cause all m...Efficiency; Analysis ; Assumptions1977
22 Firmage, Edwin B.War powers and the political question doctrineA fundamental and potentially healthy tension exists between democratic government, under which the majority ordinarily prevails, and judicial review, by which the judiciary may check unconstitutional actions of the political branches. A balance must be struck between the two concepts, or one could ...Democratic; Federalism; Judicial1977
23 Francis, LeslieSome animals are more equal than othersIt is a welcome development when academic Philosophy; starts to concern itself with practical issues, in such a way as to influence people's lives. Recently this has happened with one moral issue in particular-but unfortunately it is the wrong issue, and people's actions have been influenced in the ...Animal liberation; Rights1978
24 Flynn, John J.Trends in federal antitrust doctrine suggesting future directions for state antitrust enforcementState antitrust policy, in the form of constitutional provisions, statutes, and common law decisions, has been with us for decades.1 Originally hamstrung by restrictive court decisions fencing off state jurisdiction from commerce that was "interstate,"2 state antitrust enforcement enjoyed many years...Antitrust enforcement1979
25 Firmage, Edwin B.Speech and campaign reform: congress, the courts and communityInvestigation following Watergate revealed the integrity of our political system to be threatened by corporate and other special interest money to a degree unmatched since the turn of the century, when the exploits of political boss Mark Hanna and the financial power of the corporations gave birt...Public financing; Contributions; Corporate1980
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