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1 Thorne, Michael S.Viterbi sparse spike detectionAccurate interpretation of seismic traveltimes and amplitudes in the exploration and global scales is complicated by the band-limited nature of seismic data. We discovered a stochastic method to reduce a seismic waveform into a most probable constituent spike train. Model waveforms were constructed ...2013-01-01
2 Solomon, Douglas KipTracer applications of noble gas radionuclides in the geosciencesNoble gas radionuclides, including 81Kr (t1/2 = 229,000 yr), 85Kr (t1/2 = 10.8 yr), and 39Ar (t1/2 = 269 yr), possess nearly ideal chemical and physical properties for studies of earth and environmental processes. Recent advances in Atom Trap Trace Analysis (ATTA), a laser-based atom counting method...2014-01-01
3 Zhdanov, MichaelQuasi-analytical boundary condition for three-dimensional finite difference electromagnetic modelingNumerical modeling of the quasi-static electromagnetic (EM) field in the frequency domain in a three-dimensional (3-D) inhomogeneous medium is a very challenging problem in computational physics. We present a new approach to the finite difference (FD) solution of this problem. The FD discretization ...2004-01-01
4 Zhdanov, MichaelTwo-dimensional magnetotelluric inversion of blocky geoelectrical structuresThis paper demonstrates that there are alternative approaches to the magnetotelluric (MT) inverse problem solution based on different types of geoelectrical models. The traditional approach uses smooth models to describe the conductivity distribution in underground formations. In this paper, we pres...2002-01-01
5 Zhdanov, MichaelContraction integral equation method in three-dimensional electromagnetic modelingThe integral equation method has been proven to be an efficient tool to model threedimensional electromagnetic problems . Owing to the full linear system to be solved, the method has been considered effective only in the case of models consisting of a strongly limited number of cells. However, recen...2002-01-01
6 Zhdanov, MichaelQuasi-linear series in three-dimensional electromagnetic modelingWe have recently introduced a quasi-linear (QL) approximation for the solution of the three-dimension(a3l -D) electromagnetic modeling problem. In this paper we discuss an approach to improving its accuracy by considering the QL approximation so f the higher order. This approach can be considered th...1997-01-01
7 Zhdanov, MichaelThree-dimensional quasi linear electromagnetic inversionOne of the most challenging problems of electromagnetic (EM) geophysical methods is developing three-dimension(a3l- D) EM inversion techniques. This problem is of utmost importance in practical applications because of the 3-D nature of the geological structures.T he main difficulties in 3-D inversio...1996-01-01
8 Hu, LihaiTrace elements in the hairStudy of uneven distribution of trace elements in elephant hair and compare the result with animal horns.2013
9 Chapman, David S.Air, ground, and groundwater recharge temperatures in an alpine setting, Brighton Basin, UtahNoble gases are useful tracers for constraining groundwater recharge temperature and elevation, critical in determining source areas of groundwater recharge in mountainous terrain. A monitoring network in the alpine Brighton Basin in the Wasatch Mountains of northern Utah, USA, was established to ex...2012-01-01
10 Zhdanov, Michael3D inversion of airborne electromagnetic dataTime-domain airborne surveys gather hundreds of thousands of multichannel, multicomponent samples. The volume of data and other complications have made 1D inversions and transforms the only viable method to interpret these data, in spite of their limitations. We have developed a practical methodolog...2012-01-01
11 Zhdanov, MichaelDiscussion and reply: comments on "electromagnetic geophysics: notes from the past and the road ahead"The direct current and electromagnetic methods have been around for almost 180 years and have been applied successfully in mining, petroleum, geotechnical, engineering, environmental, groundwater, and tectonic studies. Over such a long period of time, it is possible to lose track of who the pioneers...2012-01-01
12 Chapman, David S.Borehole temperatures and climate change: ground temperature change in south India over the past two centuriesVariations in surface g round temperature (SGT) at the Earth's surface diffuse downward in a predictable way causing systematic perturbations to the subsurface temperature field. The pioneering study of Lachenbruch and Marsh all [1986] in Alaska demonstrated that present-day borehole temperature-dep...2012-01-01
13 Jewell, PaulGeochemical variations in an alpine lake and watershed underlain by siliciclastic bedrock, Uinta Mountains, UtahA small watershed which includes several small lakes in the Uinta Mountains of northern Utah is underlain by monolithologic Precambrian siliciclastic rock with extremely limited buffering capacity. In spite of this, s\ stematic spatial and temporal variations in alkalinity, pH, and major elements oc...1998-01-01
14 Jarrard, Richard D.Geometry of Pleistocene facies on the Great Barrier Reef outer shelf and upper slope - seismic stratigraphy of sites 819, 820, and 821Seismic stratigraphic analysis of the sedimentary succession intersected in Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Sites 819, 820, and 821, on the outer shelf and upper slope seaward of the Great Barrier Reef, provides a clear indication of the importance of sediment supply and depositional base-level as two ...1993
15 Jarrard, Richard D.Sedimentary response to paleoclimate from downhole logs at Site 693, Antarctic Continental MarginThe first well logs collected below the Antarctic circle were obtained during Leg 113 at Site 693 on the Dronning Maud Land Margin (Antarctica) in the Weddell Sea. Gamma-ray, resistivity, and sonic logs were collected between 108.0 and 439.0 mbsf. The downhole logs show good agreement with the data...1990
16 Fernandez, Diego P.Near-criticality in dilute binary mixtures: distribution of azulene between coexisting liquid and vapor carbon dioxideThe equilibrium distribution of dilute solutes between vapor and liquid coexisting phases of near-critical solvents exhibits a simple dependence on the solvent's liquid density which extends over a wide temperature range; however, theory predicts this dependence only as an asymptotic limit. In order...Near-critical solvents; Azulene; Binary mixtures; Dilute solutions2002
17 Zhdanov, Michael S.Fast numerical modeling of multitransmitter electromagnetic data using multigrid quasi-linear approximationMultitransmitter electromagnetic (EM) surveys are widely used in remote-sensing and geophysical exploration. The interpretation of the multitransmitter geophysical data requires numerous three-dimensional (3-D) modelings of the responses of the receivers for different geoelectrical models of comple...Multitransmitter electromagnetic data; Numerical modeling; Multigrid quasi-linear approximation; Quasilinear approximation; geophysical exploration; 3-D modeling2006-06
18 Jewell, PaulControls of tufa development in Pleistocene Lake Bonneville, UtahProminent tufa localities along the Provo level (∼14,000 14C yr B.P.) shoreline in Pleistocene Lake Bonneville have been characterized in detail. Three types of tufa are recognized: capping tufa, beachrock, and capping tufa over beachrock. Capping tufa and beachrock are end members of a continuum ...Tufa; Pleistocene; Pluvial lakes2006
19 Fernandez, Diego P.Formulation for the static permittivity of water and steam at temperatures from 238 K to 873 K at pressures up to 1200 MPa, including derivatives and Debye- Hückel coefficientsA new formulation is presented of the static relative permittivity or dielectric constant of water and steam, including supercooled and supercritical states. The range is from 238 K to 873 K, at pressures up to 1200 MPa. The formulation is based on the ITS-90 temperature scale. It correlates a selec...Static relative permittivity; Dielectric constant1997
20 Chapman, David S.; Harris, Robert N.Climate change in India inferred from geothermal observationsTemporal variations in surface ground temperature impart a signal to the subsurface thermal regime that is captured in borehole temperature-depth profiles. Seventy temperature-depth profiles in India, located between 12o and 28oN, are analyzed to infer past changes in ground temperature.Climate change; Borehole temperatures; Surface ground temperature; Surface air temperature; Geothermal observations; India2002
21 Jewell, PaulGeology and geothermal potential North of Wells, NevadaThis report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency Thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, ...Tertiary sediments; Siltstones; Conglomerates; Lithologies; Well logs; Aquifers; Step faults1982-01-01
22 Brown, Francis HaroldRadiometric dating and tuff mineralogy of omo group depositsThrough the efforts of the Omo Research Expedition and the East Rudolf Research Group, a large number of vertebrate fossils have been collected from the sedimentary deposits near the northern end of Lake Rudolf in Kenya and in the lower Omo valley in Ethiopia. The hominid fossils collected in this a...1976
23 Chapman, David S.; Harris, Robert N.Mid-Latitude (30°-60° N) climatic warming inferred by combining borehole temperatures with surface air temperaturesWe construct a mid-latitude (30°-60° N) reduced temperature-depth profile from a global borehole temperature database compiled for climate reconstruction. This reduced temperature profile is interpreted in terms of past surface ground temperature change and indicates warming on the order of 1°C...Surface air temperature; Surface ground temperature; Borehole temperatures; Geothermal observations2001
24 Brown, Francis HaroldGombe group basalts and initiation of pliocene deposition in the Turkana depression, northern Kenya and southern EthiopiaA little before 4 Ma ago, deposition of Pliocene and Pleistocene strata described as the Omo Group began in the Turkana and Omo basins of northern Kenya and southern Ethiopia. Soon after, basaltic magma erupted as thin lava flows, and intruded as dykes into the oldest Pliocene strata of the basin. T...2004
25 Jarrard, Richard D.The magnetostratigraphy of ocean drilling program leg 105 sedimentsDuring Leg 105 of the Ocean Drilling Program, a series of 11 holes was drilled at three sites along a north-south transect in Baffin Bay and the Labrador Sea. Intermittent recovery and drilling disturbance, resulting in part from the harsh weather conditions encountered, hampered magnetostratigraph...1989
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