You've searched: Department: "Geology & Geophysics" Collection: "ir_uspace"
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1 Zhdanov, MichaelCross-well electromagnetic imaging in three dimensionsIn this paper, we develop a new technique for 3D cross-well electromagnetic tomography, based on an EM borehole survey consisting of a moving vertical magnetic dipole transmitter, located in one or several boreholes, and a tri-axial induction receiver, located in the other boreholes. The method is b...2003
2 Brown, Francis HaroldThe lower Omo basinThe boundaries of the Lower Omo Basin have been mapped by Fuchs (1939) and by Butzer (1970, 1971) in a general way. The structural features and physiography of the eastern and central part of the Lower Omo Basin are best expressed on the maps of Davidson et al. (1973). Walsh and Dodson (1969) have m...1983
3 Chapman, David S.Techniques, analysis, and noise in a Salt Lake Valley 4D gravity experimentRepeated high-precision gravity measurements using an automated gravimeter and analysis of time series of 1-Hz samples allowed gravity measurements to be made with an accuracy of 5 μGal or better. Nonlinear instrument drift was removed using a new empirical staircase function built from multiple ...Gravity measurements2008
4 Chapman, David S.; Harris, Robert N.Stop-go temperature logging for precision applicationsWe describe a new field procedure for stop-go temperature logging of boreholes that attains millikelvin precision. Temperature is recorded continuously throughout the entire log, but the logging probe is held stationary for a fixed time at discrete depth intervals. Equilibrium temperatures at the di...Temperature logging; Boreholes; Stop-go logging method2007
5 Zhdanov, Michael S.Fast numerical modeling of multitransmitter electromagnetic data using multigrid quasi-linear approximationMultitransmitter electromagnetic (EM) surveys are widely used in remote-sensing and geophysical exploration. The interpretation of the multitransmitter geophysical data requires numerous three-dimensional (3-D) modelings of the responses of the receivers for different geoelectrical models of comple...Multitransmitter electromagnetic data; Numerical modeling; Multigrid quasi-linear approximation; Quasilinear approximation; geophysical exploration; 3-D modeling2006-06
6 Jewell, PaulControls of tufa development in Pleistocene Lake Bonneville, UtahProminent tufa localities along the Provo level (∼14,000 14C yr B.P.) shoreline in Pleistocene Lake Bonneville have been characterized in detail. Three types of tufa are recognized: capping tufa, beachrock, and capping tufa over beachrock. Capping tufa and beachrock are end members of a continuum ...Tufa; Pleistocene; Pluvial lakes2006
7 Fernandez, Diego P.Formulation for the static permittivity of water and steam at temperatures from 238 K to 873 K at pressures up to 1200 MPa, including derivatives and Debye- Hückel coefficientsA new formulation is presented of the static relative permittivity or dielectric constant of water and steam, including supercooled and supercritical states. The range is from 238 K to 873 K, at pressures up to 1200 MPa. The formulation is based on the ITS-90 temperature scale. It correlates a selec...Static relative permittivity; Dielectric constant1997
8 Chapman, David S.; Harris, Robert N.Climate change in India inferred from geothermal observationsTemporal variations in surface ground temperature impart a signal to the subsurface thermal regime that is captured in borehole temperature-depth profiles. Seventy temperature-depth profiles in India, located between 12o and 28oN, are analyzed to infer past changes in ground temperature.Climate change; Borehole temperatures; Surface ground temperature; Surface air temperature; Geothermal observations; India2002
9 Brown, Francis HaroldHorizontal sediments of the lower Omo valley: the kibish formationThe existence of old lacustrine deposits in the Lake Rudolf Basin was first recognized by Hohnel et al. (1891 : 20f., 134) and subsequently confirmed by the work of M. Sacchi (Angelis and Millosevich, 1900) and E. Brumpt (Bourg de Bozas, 1903: 107ff.), Fuchs (1935, 1939), Champion (1937), and Aramb...1969
10 Jarrard, Richard D.Origin of seismic reflectors within carbonate-rich sediments from northeastern Australian marginWe use continuous velocity records from 12 sites and continuous density records from 9 sites from Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Leg 133 to examine both direct and indirect controls on seismic reflectors and depth-to-time conversion for the northeastern Australian margin. In these carbonate-rich sedim...1993
11 Jarrard, Richard D.Geometry of Pleistocene facies on the Great Barrier Reef outer shelf and upper slope - seismic stratigraphy of sites 819, 820, and 821Seismic stratigraphic analysis of the sedimentary succession intersected in Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Sites 819, 820, and 821, on the outer shelf and upper slope seaward of the Great Barrier Reef, provides a clear indication of the importance of sediment supply and depositional base-level as two ...1993
12 Jarrard, Richard D.Sedimentary response to paleoclimate from downhole logs at Site 693, Antarctic Continental MarginThe first well logs collected below the Antarctic circle were obtained during Leg 113 at Site 693 on the Dronning Maud Land Margin (Antarctica) in the Weddell Sea. Gamma-ray, resistivity, and sonic logs were collected between 108.0 and 439.0 mbsf. The downhole logs show good agreement with the data...1990
13 Fernandez, Diego P.Near-criticality in dilute binary mixtures: distribution of azulene between coexisting liquid and vapor carbon dioxideThe equilibrium distribution of dilute solutes between vapor and liquid coexisting phases of near-critical solvents exhibits a simple dependence on the solvent's liquid density which extends over a wide temperature range; however, theory predicts this dependence only as an asymptotic limit. In order...Near-critical solvents; Azulene; Binary mixtures; Dilute solutions2002
14 Chapman, David S.Geothermics and climate change: 2. Joint analysis of borehole temperature and meteorological dataLong-period ground surface temperature variations contained in bore hole temperature-depth profiles form a complementary climate change record to high-frequency, but noisy surface air temperature (SAT) records at weather stations. We illustrate the benefits of jointly analyzing geothermal and meteo...Surface air temperature; Ground surface temperature; Borehole temperatures; Geothermal observations; Heat transfer1998
15 Zhdanov, MichaelThree-dimensional inversion of large-scale EarthScope magnetotelluric data based on the integral equation method: geoelectrical imaging of the Yellowstone conductive mantle plumeInterpretation of the EarthScope MT (magnetotelluric) data requires the development of a large-scale inversion method which can address two common problems of 3D MT inversion: computational time and memory requirements. We have developed an efficient method of 3D MT inversion based on an IE (integ...2011
16 Jarrard, Richard D.Scientific methods: an online bookThis book was originally intended as ˜How to do science™, or ˜How to be a scientist™, providing guidance for the new scientist, as well as some reminders and tips for experienced researchers. Such a book does not need to be written by the most expert or most famous scientist, but by one who...Science; Process; Method2001
17 Brown, Francis HaroldThe evolution of neogene terrestrial ecosystems in EuropeThe Pliocene-Pleistocene chronology of hominid and other vertebrate evolution in East Africa is largely constrained by isotopic dating and regional intercorrelation of volcanic ash layers. Some eruptions were of sufficient magnitude or duration that their widespread tephra dispersal defines a serie...1999
18 Zhdanov, Michael S.3-D magnetic inversion with data compression and image focusingWe develop a method of 3-D magnetic anomaly inversion based on traditional Tikhonov regularization theory. We use a minimum support stabilizing functional to generate a sharp, focused inverse image. An iterative inversion process is constructed in the space of weighted model parameters that acce...2002-01-01
19 Brown, Francis HaroldMagnetostratigraphy of the shungura and usno formations, Southwestern Ethiopia: new data and comprehensive reanalysis1978
20 Zhdanov, MichaelResistivity imaging by time domain electromagnetic migration (TDEMM)One of the most challenging problems of electrical geophysical methods is the interpretation of time domain electromagnetic (TDEM) sounding data in the areas with the horizontally inhomogeneous geoelectrical structures. This problem is of utmost importance in mining exploration and environmental stu...1995
21 Jewell, PaulGeochemistry and paleoceanographic setting of Central Nevada bedded baritesThe bedded barite deposits of central Nevada are hosted by rocks of the Roberts Mountains allochthon and constitute the largest barite reserves in North America. Detailed geochemical studies of three barite deposits in the Devonian Slaven Chert indicate that rocks surrounding the barite have elevate...Bedded barites; Roberts Mountains allochthon; Late Devonian1991
22 Jarrard, Richard D.Geochemical results from wireline logs in the Celebes Sea, Sites 767 and 770 of Leg 124Geochemical well logs were obtained at ODP Sites 767 and 770 in the Celebes Sea. The log data obtained at sea have been corrected for borehole size changes, the effects of drilling fluids, and logging-speed variations. The processed logs are then used to calculate the amounts of the three major ra...1991
23 Jarrard, Richard D.Velocity and density of sediments of Eirik Ridge, Labrador Sea: control by porosity and mineralogyA 767-m section of late Neogene (0-8 Ma) terrigenous sediments was cored at Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Site 646. Continuous downhole geophysical logs, 161 laboratory measurements of core porosity and density, and 63 laboratory measurements of core velocity are used to analyze in detail the effects...1989
24 Chapman, David S.Exhumation of the central Wasatch Mountains, Utah: 2, thermokinematic model of exhumation, erosion, and thermochronometer interpretationThe Wasatch fault is a ~370 km long normal fault in Utah that marks the boundary between the stable Colorado Plateau to the east and the extending Basin and Range to the west. Understanding the thermokinematic evolution of this fault can provide insights into intracontinental extensional tectonics a...Uplift; Exhumation; Wasatch Fault; Wasatch Mountains; Utah; Helium dating; Fission track; Tectonophysics; Extensional tectonics; Geothermal observations2002
25 Chapman, David S.Thermal analysis of the southern Powder River Basin, WyomingTemperature and geologic data from over 3000 oil and gas wells within a 180 km x 30 km area that transect across the southern Powder River Basin in Wyoming, U.S.A., were used to determine the present thermal regime of the basin. Three-dimensional temperature fields within the transect, based on...Thermal analysis; Inversion; Bottom hole temperature1996-11
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