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1 Sarofim, Adel F.Numerical combustion of aviation fuel part I: a cross-model comparison of n-heptane premixed flameFour different n-heptane mechanisms were used to simulate a fuel rich n-heptane premixed flame and their results were compared with experimental measurements. In addition to discussion of the numerical performance of each mechanism, flux analysis coupled with the atomic distribution technique was us...Aviation fuel; n-heptane; Premixed flame2003
2 Sutherland, James ClaytonA comparison of various models in predicting ignition delay in single-particle coal combustionIn this paper, individual coal particle combustion under laminar conditions is simulated using models with various levels of complexity for the particle and gas phase chemical kinetics. The mass, momentum and energy governing equations are fully coupled between the particle and the gas phase. In the...2014-01-01
3 Lighty, Joann; Sarofim, Adel F.; Eddings, Eric G.Modeling the coagulation of charged particlesOne important mechanism in the growth of soot particles is to understand the role of particle charge in the coagulation of the particles. A previously developed model has been extended to include the coagulation of charged particles. The model includes neutral particles and charged particles (up to ...Charged particles; Flame ionization; Modeling2004
4 Pershing, David W.; Wendt, Jost O. L.Investigation of first- and second-stage variables on control of NOx emissions using staged combustion in a pulverized coal wall-fired furnaceRecent tests on an EPA 1- to 1.5 x 106 Btu/hr pilot-scale pulverized coal furnace show that N0X emissions of 100 ppm to 150 ppm (zero percent 02) are achievable with the use of two-stage combustion. Comparable N0X emission levels were obtained with three different coal types fired in either the sing...NOx; Carbon monoxide; Emissions1979
5 Eddings, Eric G.; Sarofim, Adel F.; Pershing, David W.Production of nitrogen oxide during char oxidation at pulverized coal combustion conditionsMore stringent regulations for NOx control in pulverized coal combustors have made the scientific community focus on sources of emissions that were traditionally considered less relevant to the overall NOx production. The oxidation to NO of the nitrogen that is organically bound to the char is one o...2001
6 Sarofim, Adel F.; Eddings, Eric G.Muiltifunctional fuel additives for reduced jet particlate emissionsUsing Government drawings, specifications, or other data included in this document for any purpose other than Government procurement does not in any way obligate the U.S. Government. The fact that the Government formulated or supplied the drawings, specifications, or other data does not license the ...2006
7 Sutherland, James Clayton; Kerstein, Alan R.; Chen, Jaqueline H.An evaluation of the one-dimensional turbulence model: comparison with direct numerical simulation of CO/H2 jets with extinction and reignitionAbstract A variant of the One-Dimensional Turbulence (ODT) model formulated in an Eulerian reference frame is applied to a planar nonpre mixed turbulent jet flame and results from the model prediction are compared with DNS data. The model employed herein solves the full set of conservation equation...2010
8 Eddings, Eric G.; Sarofim, Adel F.; Pugmire, Ronald J.Selection of surrogates for jet fuelsAbstract: A. detailed characterisation of JP fuels is provided based on literature data for the average of 55 worldwide and 4 US Jet-A fuels. These are complemented by NMR analysis of a JP-8 that provides the fractions of the carbon in the fuel that are present as protonated, bridgehead, and non-sub...Jet propulsion fuel; Surrogates; Simulations2008
9 Eddings, Eric G.; Sarofim, Adel F.Experimental study of burning rate in jet-fuel pool firesExperiments were carried out in a 30 cm diameter pool fire, for both transient and steady-state conditions, utilizing jet fuel, Norpar-15, and a surrogate mixture of hydrocarbons that simulates jet-fuel behavior in a pool fire. Steady state pool fire tests match previous results well. The transient ...Pool fires; Jet propulsion fuel; Norpar-152004
10 Pershing, David W.Mechanisms of NOx formation and control: alternative and petroleum-derived liquid fuelsPetroleum-, coal- and shale-derived liquid fuels were burned in a downfired tunnel furnace to assess the impact of fuel properties on the formation and control of NOx emissions. A nitrogen-free oxidant mixture (Ar, C02 , 02) was used to isolate fuel NOx formation. Under excess air conditions fuel N...Exhaust emissions; Alternative fuels; Petroleum-derived liquid fuels1981
11 Sutherland, James ClaytonA filter-independent model identification technique for turbulent combustion modelingIn this paper, we address a method to reduce the number of species equations that must be solved via application of Principal Component Analysis (PCA). This technique provides a robust methodology to reduce the number of species equations by identifying correlations in state-space and defining new v...2012-01-01
12 Pershing, David W.Design and construction of a rotary kiln simulator for use in studying the incineration of hazardous wasteRotary kilns have been used extensively in the cement industry to calcine limestone. In the past few years, the technology has been viewed as a possible option for the incineration of hazardous waste materials, especially for the disposal of solid wastes and the cleanup of contaminated soils and tra...Rotary kilns; Hazardous waste; Waste burning1989-08
13 Lighty, Joann; Silcox, GeoffreyFundamentals of mercury oxidation in flue gasThis report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, ...2006
14 Sutherland, James ClaytonPrediction of oxy-coal flame stand-off using high-fidelity thermochemical models and the one-dimensional turbulence modelAn Eulerian one-dimensional turbulence (ODT) model is applied to simulate oxy-coal combustion, with specific aim at predicting flame stand-o distances. Detailed gas-phase chemical kinetics based on the GRI3.0 mechanism are utilized. A high-fidelity model for devolatilization is considered that predi...2014-01-01
15 Ring, Terry ArthurGrowth kinetics of hexagonal sub-micrometric β-tricalcium phosphate particles in ethylene glycolRecently, uniform, non-agglomerated, hexagonal b-tricalcium phosphate (b-TCP) platelets (diameter 400-1700 nm, h 100-200 nm) were obtained at fairly moderate temperatures (90-170 C) by precipitation in ethylene glycol. Unfortunately, the platelet aspect ratios (diameter/thickness) obtained in the ...2014-01-01
16 Pershing, David W.Control of NOx and particulate emissions from spreader-stokers fired with hogged woodThe formation and emission of nitrogen oxides and particulate carry-over were studied from spreader-stoker combustion of hogged Douglas-fir, with a focus on optimizing the combustion conditions in each of the two distinct combustion zones, the bed phase and the suspension phase local oxygen availabi...Chemical analysis; Combustion; Emission; Engineering; Environmental control; Fuels; Nitrogen compounds; Particulates; NOx; Hogged wood1987
17 Pershing, David W.Influence of fuel composition and flame temperature on the formation of thermal and fuel NOx in residual oil flamesA 900 kw model package boiler and a 20 kw laboratory tunnel furnace were used to study fuel and thermal NO, formation during heavy oil combustion. Package boiler results indicated that atomizer design, spray/ flow field interactions, and fuel composition were significant, dependent parameters. These...Residual oil flames1979
18 Pershing, David W.; Slaughter, David MichaelParameters influencing the evolution and oxidation of sulfur in suspension phase coal combustionStoker coal-fired boiler furnaces are significant in terms of coal consumption and environmental impact; however, they have received relatively little research attention. This paper describes the results of a two-year study on the formation of sulfur oxides in the suspension phase of a coal-fired s...Stoker coal-fired furnaces1983
19 Eddings, Eric G.; Smith, Philip J.Soot volume fraction from extinction in JP-8 and heptane pool firesTotal extinction measurements from a multiple beam experiment using a 10mW laser diode are presented and compared to calculate soot volume fraction in heavily sooting pool fires from a 150 mm diameter pan of Jet Propulsion fuel 8 (JP-8) and heptane. Trends in attenuation are critiqued for the t...Soot volume fraction; Heptane pool fires; JP-8 pool fires; Heavily sooting pool fires; Laser diagnostics2005
20 Pershing, David W.Biomass combustion: relationship between pollutant formation and fuel compositionA 65-kW refractory-walled reactor was used to study biomass combustion under conditions typical of the suspension-burning phase in a spreader-stoker-fired boiler. Isothermal combustion data and nitric oxide (NO) emission rates were obtained as a function of temperature, local oxygen concentration, ...Combustion; Emissions; Energy; Environmental control; Fuels; Pyrolysis; Biomass fuel; Particulates1989
21 Eddings, Eric G.; Sarofim, Adel F.Thermal behavior of a high-energy material immersed in a fireOne of the uncertainties in the calculations of time-to-explosion for containers of high-energy materials immersed in fires is that of the thermal boundary at the container-explosive interface. Understanding this interface is critical in evaluating risks, safety issues and prevention mechanisms. In ...2004
22 Pershing, David W.Influence of coal composition on the fate of volatile and char nitrogen during combustionFifty coals from North America, Europe, Asia, South Africa and Australia were burned in a 21 kW, refractory-lined tunnel furnace to determine the influence of coal properties on the fate of volatile and char nitrogen. Excess air fuel NO emissions (as determined by combustion in Ar/02/C02) ranged fro...Coal composition; Char nitrogen; Volatile nitrogen; NO emissions1982
23 Whitty, Kevin J.A pulse-width modulation controlled wire-mesh heater apparatus for investigation of solid fuel pyrolysisA novel wire mesh heater apparatus has been developed to study the devolatilization of solid fuels under pressurized conditions at well-controlled heating rates on the order of 1000 K/s. The apparatus combines direct current and pulse-width modulation with a fast-acting and high current-capacity re...2012-01-01
24 Ring, Terry ArthurVerification of analytic energy moments for the one-dimensional energy dependent neutron diffusion equation with MCNP5 and Attila-7.1.0The energy dependent neutron diffusion equation (EDNDE) is converted into a moment equation which is solved analytically for the 1-D problem of a bare sphere of pure 235U. The normalized moments 0-5 generated analytically are compared to normalized energy moments, from Monte Carlo N Particle 5 versi...2012-01-01
25 Ring, Terry ArthurValidation of energy moments from the one-dimensional energy dependent neutron diffusion equation, MCNP5 and Attila-7.1.0 with the GODIVA experimentNormalized neutron energy moments (moments) from the one-dimensional energy dependent neutron diffusion equation (EDNDE), Monte Carlo N Particle 5 version 1.40 (MCNP5) and Attila-7.1.0-beta version (Attila) are validated with the GODIVA experiment (GODIVA). Energy moments 0-5 for all three methods a...2012-01-01
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