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1 Capecchi, Mario R.Role of Hox genes in mediating the mammalian body planThis is a 1 hour, 5 minutes, 28 seconds video of a lecture given by Mario Capecchi on the genetic analysis of the Hox complex, or Hox cluster and their role in embryogenesis. Using examples such as the development of the hindbrain (rhombencephalon), facial nerves, and hands Capecchi outlines the re...Transgenic mice; Gene targeting; Genetic engineering; Molecular genetics; Homeobox genes; Histology - Pathological; Gene expression; Gene regulation; Genotype; Phenotype
2 Secret of life module: on the brink, four profiles in groundbreaking scienceThis is a 15 minutes, 12 seconds segment of the WGBH series, Secret of life. Profiles include Dennis Slamon of UCLA and his work on the oncagenes and the creation of excess receptors that play a significant role in breast cancer; Patricia Steeg of the National Cancer Institute (NCI) and her work on...Transgenic mice; Gene targeting; Genetic engineering; Molecular genetics; Cancer - Research; Capecchi, Mario R.; Science - Moral and ethical aspects; Human chromosome abnormalities - Diagnosis; Gene expression; Gene regulation
3 Shapiro, Michael D.Divergence, convergence, and the ancestry of feral populations in the domestic rock pigeonStringham, Sydney A.; Mulroy, Elisabeth E.; Xing, Jinchuan; Record, David; Guernsey, Michael W.; Aldenhoven, Jaclyn T.; Osborne, Edward J.
4 Shapiro, Michael D.Divergence, convergence, and the ancestry of feral populations in the domestic rock pigeonStringham, Sydney A.; Mulroy, Elisabeth E.; Xing, Jinchuan; Record, David; Guernsey, Michael W.; Aldenhoven, Jaclyn T.; Osborne, Edward J.
5 Capecchi, Mario R.N-formylmethionyl-sRNA as the initiator of protein synthesis.A bizarre fast about Nterminal groups of bacterial proteins. Instead of a random mixture, that the great majority of N-terminal groups were either methionine or alanine. This finding suggested that methionine and alanine constituted start signals for the initiation of polypeptide chains. Alternative...Electrophoresis; Formates; In Vitro; Methionine1966-01-01
6 Capecchi, Mario R.Initiation of E. coli proteins.Recent experiments and theoretical arguments suggest that formylmethionyl sRNA is employed as an initiator of protein synthesis. Studies also indicated that other phage proteins synthesized in the in vitro system were initiated with formylmethionine. These observations provided a basis for believin...Alanine; Chromatography, Paper; Dipeptides1966-06
7 Gussin, Gary N.; Capecchi, Mario R.Protein synthesis directed by DNA phage messengers.Even through the amino acids corresponding to most of the 64 nucleotide triplets are now known, several important aspects of the genetic code are not yet fully understood. In particular we need more knowledge about the "punctuation marks" of the code-for example, the signals necessary for the initia...Carbon Isotopes; Escherichia coli; Genetic Code; Methionine1967-09-01
8 Capecchi, Mario R.Polypeptide chain termination in vitro: isolation of a release factor.The growing polypeptide chain remains bound to the ribosome-messenger RNA complex through the sRNA carrying the last amino acid incorporated into the polypeptide chain.' On completion of the polypeptide chain a mechanism must exist for releasing it from the protein-synthesizing machinery. To date, m...Carbon Isotopes; Phenylalanine; Proteins1967-09-01
9 Olivera, Baldomero M.On the mechanism of the polynucleotide joining reactionPolynucleotide-joining enzymes (ligases) have been identified in uninfected and phage-infected Escherichia coli (Gellert, 1967; Olivera and Lehman, 1967a; Zimmerman et al., 1967; Gefter et al., 1967; Weiss and Richardson, 1967a; Cozzarelli et al., 1967). Both types of enzyme catalyze the synthesis o...Enzyme-AMP; Enzyme-Adenylate; DNA-Adenylate; Poly dt-Adenylate; Pyrophosphate bond1968
10 Capecchi, Mario R.Characterization of three proteins involved in polypeptide chain termination.At each stage of elongation, the growing polypeptide chain is bound to the ribosome-messenger RNA complex through the transfer RNA of the most recently incorporated amino acid residue. When the chain is complete, the last polypeptide-transfer RNA (tuna) ester linkage is cleaved, releasing the chain ...Anti-Bacterial Agents; Phenylalanine; Stimulation, Chemical1969
11 Gesteland, Raymond F.Translation of Rl7 RNA fragmentsExamination of the events during infection of cells by RNA phages reveals phemonomena that are surprisingly complex for a virus that has only enough information to code for three to four proteins. The coat protein is synthesized at a rapid rate through most of the infectious cycle making it the pre...Electrophoresis; RNA, Messenger; Peptide Biosynthesis; Kinetics1969
12 Gesteland, Raymond F.Characterization of lysozyme messenger and lysozyme synthesized in vitroIn vitro systems for protein systhesis have been in wide use for about 10 years. In most of the early work protein synthesis was measured by following the incorporation of radioactive amino acids into acid precipitable material. This test cannot distinguish between the synthesis of complete, activ...Lysozyme Messenger; Lysozyme Synthesized; Protein Synthesis1969
13 Olivera, Baldomero M.Pyridine nucleotide metabolism in Escherichia coli. I. Exponential growthThe pyridine nucleotide pool of Escherichia coli is made up almost exclusively of DPN and TPN. In an exponentially growing glucose culture an average cell contains 1,460,000 molecules of DPN (30% reduced) and 440,000 molecules of TPN (57% reduced). If the total volume of the cell were accessible t...Nicotinic acid1971
14 Capecchi, Mario R.Polypetide chain termination. Purification of the release factors, R1 and R2, from Escherichia coli.We have extensively purified the release factors RI and Rz from Escherichia coli. These proteins can each mediate polypeptide chain termination. The physiological substrate for this reaction is a completed polypeptide chain in a peptidyl- transfer RNA-messenger RNA-ribosome complex. The reaction con...Acrylates; Detergents1971-02-25
15 Gesteland, Raymond F.Pattern of protein synthesis in monkey cells infected by simian virus 40After infection of several permanent monkey cell lines by simian virus 40 (SV40), four additional protein bands can be detected by simple sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of whole-cell extracts. These bands appear only after the onset of viral deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) syn...Monkeys; Simian virus 40; Peptides; DNA, Viral/biosynthesis1972
16 Gesteland, Raymond F.Processing of adenovirus 2-induced proteinsAnalysis of (35)S-methionine-labeled extracts of adenovirus 2-infected KB cells revealed 22 virus-induced polypeptide components. Most proteins of the virion were easily detected in extracts of whole cells labeled for short periods between 15 and 30 h after infection; however, several virion compone...Adenoviridae; Viral Proteins; Protein Precursors; Methionine; Mouth Neoplasms1973
17 Olivera, Baldomero M.Pyridine nucleotide metabolism in Escherichia coli. IV. TurnoverThere are two pyridine nucleotide turnover pathways in Escherichia coli, the Gholson turnover cycle, with nicotinamide as an intermediate, and a second new pathway which does not involve nicotinamide. In exponentially growing cultures with a generation time of 60 min, the rates of these cycles are ...Turnover cycle; Adenine1973
18 Olivera, Baldomero M.Pyridine nucleotide metabolism in Escherichia coli. II. Niacin starvationThe effect of niacin starvation has been studied in a niacin-requiring auxotroph of Escherichia coli. If a culture is totally deprived of niacin, cells continue to divide until the total pyridine nucleotide content has fallen from 1.9 X 10^6 to 1.2 X 10^5 molecules per cell. During starvation, the r...Starvation; Nicotinic acid1973
19 Olivera, Baldomero M.Pyridine nucleotide metabolism in Escherichia coli. III. Biosynthesis from alternative precursors in vivoIn Escherichia coli, the nicotinamide moiety of pyridine nucleotides may be derived from de novo synthesis of the pyridine ring or through the uptake of either nicotinic acid or nicotinamide. De novo synthesis is the least preferred pathway; it is suppressed if an exogenous source is available. Nic...Nicotinic acid; Biosynthesis1973
20 Capecchi, Mario R.Altered enzymes in drug-resistant variants of mammalian tissue culture cells.Two selective procedures are compared in an effort to isolate variants of mouse L cells containing structural gene mutations. Among the resulting variant cloned cell lines are found two types of alterations in theenzyme hypoxanthine phosphoribosyl transferase (EC (1): enzyme with altered ...Drug Resistance; Azaguanine; Clone Cells; Hypoxanthines1973-11
21 Capecchi, Mario R.Selective degradation of abnormal proteins in mammalian tissue culture cells.The degradation rates of several missense mutants of hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (EC in mouse L cells are compared to those of the wild-type enzyme. Although the rates of total protein breakdown in the mutant cell lines are identical to that of the parental L cell line, ...Gene Expression Regulation; Mice, Transgenic; Microscopy, Fluorescence1974-12-01
22 Gesteland, Raymond F.; Atkins, John F.Origin and destiny of adenovirus proteinsLytic infection of human cells by adenovirus proceeds by a temporal expression of genes. Classically two phases have been defined: an early phase, which includes events occurring before the onset of DNA synthesis (8 hours), and a late phase, including events whose existence depends on the onset of...Protein Biosynthesis; DNA, Viral; Adenoviridae; RNA, Viral; Time Factors1975
23 Davidson, Diane W.Preliminary study of seed predation in desert and montane habitatsMultifactorial experiments in which domestic seeds in shallow glass containers were distributed in desert and montane habitats provided data on identity of seed predators (whether rodents or ants), spatial and temporal pattern of their foraging activities, and their preferences for sizes and species...Ant; Competition; Granivory; Predators, Seed; Rodent; Seed selection1975
24 Capecchi, Mario R.Purification and characterization of mouse hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase.Hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HGPR transferase) (EC has been purified approximately 4500-fold to apparent homogeneity from mouse liver. The procedure involves the use of affinity chromatography and was designed to be readily adaptable to small scale isolations. The enzyme ...Buffers; Centrifugation, Density Gradient; Chromatography, Affinity; Chromatography, Gel; Chromatography, Ion Exchange; Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel1975-01-31
25 Capecchi, Mario R.Yeast super-suppressors are altered tRNAs capable of translating a nonsense codon in vitro.tRNA isolated from two different yeast super-suppressor strains translates a known nonsense mutation in vitro, whereas tRNA from a closely related nonsuppressing strain does not. Suppression was assayed by translation of RNA isolated from an amber coat mutant of bacteriophage Qbeta (GB11) in a prote...Codon; Escherichia coli; Protein Biosynthesis1975-11
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