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1 Macleod, Robert S.Sensitivity and specificity of substrate mapping: An in silico framework for the evaluation of electroanatomical substrate mapping strategiesBackground - Voltage mapping is an important tool for characterizing proarrhythmic electrophysiological substrate, yet it is subject to geometric factors that influence bipolar amplitudes and thus compromise performance. The aim of this study was to characterize the impact of catheter orientation on...2014-01-01
2 Christensen, Douglas A.Ultrasound beam simulations in inhomogeneous tissue geometries using the hybrid angular spectrum methodThe angular spectrum method is a fast, accurate and computationally efficient method for modeling wave propagation. However, the traditional angular spectrum method assumes that the region of propagation has homogenous properties. In this paper, the angular spectrum method is extended to calculate u...2012-01-01
3 Horch, Kenneth W.; Lawrence, Steve M.; Dhillon, Gurpreet S.Acute peripheral nerve recording characteristics of polymer-based longitudinal intrafascicular electrodesWe examined the recording characteristics of two different types of polymer-based longitudinal intrafascicular electrodes (LIFEs) in peripheral nerve: single-stranded (s-polyLIFEs) and multistranded (m-polyLIFEs). Recordings were also made from Pt-Ir wire-based electrodes (PtIrLIFEs) as a control. T...Sciatic Nerve; Intrafascicular Electrodes, Peripheral Nerve Recording2004
4 Angelucci, Alessandra; Lund, Jennifer S.Circuits for local and global signal integration in primary visual cortexContrast-dependent changes in spatial summation and contextual modulation of primary visual cortex (V1) neuron responses to stimulation of their receptive field reveal long-distance integration of visual signals within V1, well beyond the classical receptive field (cRF) of single neurons. To identif...Primary Visual Cortex; Extrastriate Cortex; Feed-back Connections; Lateral Connections; SUrround Modulation; Macaque2002-10-01
5 Horch, Kenneth W.Acoustic interneurons of fiddler and ghost crabsThe properties of acoustic interneurons in fiddler (Uca pugilalor and U. minax) and ghost (Ocvpade qucldrula) crabs are described, as revealed bv tests with pure tones. Three types of interneurons were present in all species: tonic, which fired for the duration of the stimulus; phasic, which fire...Acoustic crabs; Neural recording; Vibration reception1976
6 Horch, Kenneth W.Selective activation of muscle groups in the feline hindlimb thorough electrical microstimulation of the ventral lumbo-sacral spinal cordSelective activation of muscle groups in the feline hindlimb by electrical stimulation of the ventral lumbo-sacral spinal cord was investigated. Spinal cord segments L5 to S1 were mapped using a penetrating tungsten needle electrode. Locations that produced isolated contraction of quadriceps, ti...Functional electrical stimulation; Motor pools; Spinal chord stimulation2000
7 Christensen, Douglas A.; Herron, James N.Rapid clinical diagnostics assays using injection-molded planar waveguidesThe goal of our research program is to develop an evanescent wave immunoassay system that can be used in point-of-care and critical care settings. Several key attributes are required to accomplish this goal: (i) the assay system should be at least as sensitive as present day immunoassays; (ii) assay...Planar waveguides; Creatine phosphokinase MB (CK-MB); Cardiac troponin I (cTnl); Diagnostics; Evanescence; Fluorescence; Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)1998
8 Normann, Richard A.; Campbell, Patrick K.; Jones, Kelly E.; Huber, Robert J.; Horch, Kenneth W.Silicon-based, three-dimensional neural interface: manufacturing processes for an intracortical electrode arrayA method has been developed for the manufacture of a "three-dimensional" electrode array geometry for chronic intracortical stimulation. This silicon based array consists of a 4.2 x 4.2 x 0.12 mm thick monocrystalline substrate, from which project 100 conductive, silicon needles sharpened to facilit...Electric Stimulation; Electrodes, Implanted; Sensory Cortex; Intracortical Electrode Array1991
9 Horch, Kenneth W.On the number and nature of regenerating myelinated axons after lesions of cutaneous nerves in the cat1. Electrophysiological and anatomical techniques were used to investigate normal and regenerating sural and posterior femoral cutaneous nerve fibres in the cat. 2. One and a half years after transection of these nerves it was found that the regenerating neurones supported multiple sprouts in the...Nerve fibres; Transection; Nerve injury1981
10 Horch, Kenneth W.Information extraction from peripheral nervesThis work is directed toward providing better rehabilitation for people suffering from somatosensory loss and paralysis due to spinal cord injury, head trauma, or stroke. The goal of this project is to demonstrate that information suitable for controlling prosthetic devices, modulating functional el...Peripheral nerve; Neural recordings; Intrafascicular electrodes1991
11 Christensen, Douglas A.Biosensor development at the University of UtahInterest in biosensors has increased rapidly in the past few years due to the many potential advantages of these devices, such as small size, speed of response, and specificity 111. The term "biosensor" in the broad sense describes any device or apparatus which detects biological signals for the pu...Silicon retina; Photosensing array; CHEMFET; Fluorescence lmmunosensor; Planar waveguide1994-07
12 Christensen, Douglas A.; Vincent, G. MichaelFiberoptic laser angioplasty probe with optical steerabilityWe have designed and bench tested an optically steerable fiberoptic probe for use in laser angioplasty. The unique feature of this design is the use of a gradient-index (GRIN) lens attached to the distal end of a seven-fiber bundle. By selecting which fiber of the bundle is illuminated by the source...Fiberoptic probe; GRIN lens; Steerability1990
13 Normann, Richard A.; Johansson,Torbjorn; Abbasi, Masoud; Huber, Robert J.Three-dimensional architecture for a parallel processing photosensing arrayA three-dimensional architecture for a photosensing array has been developed. This silicon based architecture consists of a 10 x 10 array of photosensors with 80 microns diameter, through chip interconnects to the back side of a 500 microns thick silicon wafer. Each photosensor consists of a 300 x 3...Retina; Optics; Silicon; Photosensing1992
14 Horch, Kenneth W.; Dhillon, Gurpreet S.Direct neural sensory feedback and control of a prosthetic armEvidence indicates that user acceptance of modern artificial limbs by amputees would be significantly enhanced by a system that provides appropriate, graded, distally referred sensations of touch and joint movement, and that the functionality of limb prostheses would be improved by a more natural co...Peripheral Nerve Implant; Prosthetic Limb Control; Sensory Feedback2005-12
15 Normann, Richard A.; Kolb, Helga; Lasater, Eric M.Signal integration at the pedicle of turtle cone photoreceptors: an anatomical and electrophysiological studyThe morphology of the axon which connects the cell body and pedicle of turtle cone photoreceptors was studied by light and electron microscopy. The axon which contains numerous synaptic vesicles, some endoplasmic reticulum, and a few cisternae is basically filled with cytoplasm. The length of the ax...Cone Photoreceptor, Voltage Clamp; Isolated Cells; Input Resistance; Cell Body-Pedicle Coupling1989
16 Christensen, Douglas A.; Herron, James N.Evanescent coupling in a waveguide fluoroimmunosensorA key factor in the analysis of evanescently-coupled optical sensors, such as the planar waveguide immunosensor analyzed here, is the efficiency of coupling between the optical waveguide modes and the fluorescent sources located on the surface of the waveguide. This is an important parameter in dete...Evanescent coupling; Waveguide; Fluoroimmunosensor1992
17 Horch, Kenneth W.Ontogeny of diving and feeding behavior in juvenile seaturtles: Leatherback Seaturtles (Dermochelys coriacea L) and Green Seaturtles (Chelonia mydas L) in the Florida CurrentWe compared activity, diving behavior and response to prey by Dermochelys coriacea and Chelonia mydas during their first 8-10 weeks of development.We reared juveniles in the laboratory and, at two-week intervals, released them in the ocean for a brief trial. Each turtle towed a device used to measur...Hatchlings; Posthatchling; Habitats2004
18 Jenson, Justin Michael; Bock, Susan C.Mitigating spinal cord injuryHow would your life change if you became one of the 15,000 Americans to suffer a spinal cord injury this year? Trauma to the spinal cord causes immediate loss of function below the level of the injury. Then, in the hours and days after the accident, the body's secondary injury response may extend ...Trapeze Interactive Poster2010-03-15
19 Collins, Zachary J.; Poelzing, StevenCharacterization of a four-camera ratiometric optical mapping systemElectrical activity precedes calcium mediated heart contractions. Optical mapping takes advantage of minimally invasive fluorescent molecular probes to image both electrical and calcium activity. These molecular probes allow for ratiometric imaging. We characterize a four camera system capable of...Optical mapping; Ratiometric imaging; Di-4-ANEPPS; Indo-1; Trapeze Interactive Poster2010-03-15
20 Horch, Kenneth W.Electrical stimulation of the ventral lumbo-sacral spinal cord results in mixed recruitment order of quadriceps and tibialis anterior motor unitsPulse width modulated, twitch recruitment curves for quadriceps and tibialis anterior were obtained by stimulating their respective motor activation pools in the ventral lumbo-sacral portion of the spinal cord. The duration of the twitch responses were analyzed as a function of stimulus strength ...Quadriceps; Tibialis anterior; Ventral lumbo-sacral spinal cord; Reversed recruitment1997
21 Christensen, Douglas A.Extending the two-dimensional FDTD method to hybrid electromagnetic systems with active and passive lumped elementsThis paper extends the finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method to include distributed electromagnetic systems with lumped elements (a hybrid system) and voltage and current sources. FDTD equations that include nonlinear elements like diodes and transistors are derived. Calculation of driving-p...Finite-difference time-domain method; Lumped elements1992-04
22 Christensen, Douglas A.Acoustic droplet vaporization, cavitation, and therapeutic properties of copolymer-stabilized perfluorocarbon nanoemulsionsAcoustic and therapeutic properties of Doxorubicin (DOX) and paclitaxel (PTX)-loaded perfluorocarbon nanoemulsions have been investigated in a mouse model of ovarian cancer. The nanoemulsions were stabilized by two biodegradable amphiphilic block copolymers that differed in the structure of the hydr...Cancer therapy; Targeted drug delivery; Nanobubbles; Ultrasound; Perfluoropentane2009
23 Christensen, Douglas A.Ultrasound beam propagation using the hybrid angular spectrum methodWe introduce a fast and accurate numerical method for simulating the propagation of an ultrasound beam inside inhomogeneous tissue for mapping beam absorption, refraction and diffraction in the body. The technique, called the hybrid angular spectrum method, is an extension of the angular spectrum m...Ultrasound beam propagation; Medical ultrasound; Inhomogeneous tissue; Beam simulation2008-08
24 Gesteland, Raymond F.; Weiss, Robert B.Efficient shine- Dalgarno sequence but not translation is necessary for LacZ mRNA stability in Escherichia coliThe 5' ends of many bacterial transcripts are important in determining mRNA stability. A series of Shine-Dalgarno (SD) sequence changes showed that the complementarity of the SD sequence to the anti-SD sequence of 16S rRNA correlates with lacZ mRNA stability in Escherichia coli. Several initiation c...Protein Biosynthesis; Ribosomes; Escherichia coli; Shine-Dalgarno Sequence1994
25 Horch, Kenneth W.Muscle recruitment with intrafascicular electrodesWe have studied muscle recruitment with Tefloninsulated, 25 pm diameter, Pt-Ir intrafasicular electrodes implanted in nerves innervating the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles of cats. The purpose of this study was to measure the performance of these bipolar electrodes, which had been designed to...Functional neuromuscular stimulation (FNS); Intrafascicular electrode1991
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