1 - 25 of 94
Number of results to display per page
1 Effects of a classroom-based physical activity program on childrens physical activity levelsHigh levels of physical inactivity are evident among many American children. To address this problem, providing physical activity (PA) during the school day within the CSPAP framework, is one strategy to increase children's PA. Thus, the purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a classroo...2014-01-01
2 Na-H exchange inhibition with Cariporide limits functional impairment caused by repetitive ischemiaIntracellular calcium ([Ca]i) overload on reperfusion may be one of the mechanisms responsible for ischemia-induced regional myocardial dysfunction. Because inhibiting the Na-H exchanger (NHE) limits intracellular sodium ([Na]i) and subsequent [Ca]i accumulation, we hypothesized that NHE inhibition ...Reperfusion; intracellular calcium; conscious pigs1998
3 Modeling Longitudinal Outcomes: A Contrast of Two MethodsBackground: Repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) is frequently used to model longitudinal data but does not appropriately account for within-person correlations over time, does not explicitly model time, and cannot flexibly handle missing data. In contrast, mixed-effects regression address...mixed-effects regression; ANOVA; learning; development
4 Magnitude-Based Inference is Not Bayesian and is Not a Valid Method of Inferenceinference; statistics; confidence intervals; Bayesian, reproducibility
5 ATGL gene is associated with free fatty acids, triglycerides, and type 2 diabetesAdipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL) was recently described to predominantly perform the initial step in triglyceride hydrolysis and therefore seems to play a pivotal role in the lipolytic catabolism of stored fat in adipose tissue. In the first study investigating genetic variations within the ATGL g...Diabete, Type 2; ATGL; Fat; Triglycerides2006
6 Youth perceptions of a caring climate, emotional regulation and psychological well-beingThe purpose of this study was to examine the meditational effect of perceived affective self-regulatory efficacy on the relationship between youth sport participants? perceived caring climate and their mental well-being. Three hundred and 95 participants (mean age = 11.80 ? 1.54) from a National Yo...2009
7 Effects of temperature on maximum cycling power and optimal pedaling rate2011
8 The new glucose revolution: is the authoritative guide to the glycemic index the right dietary solution for lifelong health?The persistence of an epidemic of obesity, coronary heart disease and type 2 diabetes suggests that new nutritional strategies are needed if the epidemic is to be overcome. A promising nutritional approach suggested by this thematic review is carbohydrate restriction. Under conditions of carbohydra...2010
9 Serum and macular responses to antioxidant supplementation verus a carotenoid-rich dietary intervention in the elderly.The aim of this study was to observe responses of serum antioxidants, oxidative stress biomarkers, and macular carotenoid pigments to antioxidant supplements or dietary intervention in a single-masked, randomized, pilot clinical study of elderly subjects receiving antioxidant supplements or a dietar...Macula; Serum Carotenoids; Zeaxanthin2006-02-01
10 Determination of step rate thresholds corresponding to physical activity intensity classifications in adultsBackground: Current recommendations call for adults to be physically active at moderate and/or vigorous intensities. Given the popularity of walking and running, the use of step rates may provide a practical and inexpensive means to evaluate ambulatory intensity. Thus, the purpose of this study wa...2011
11 Associations of self-reported physical activity types and levels with quality of life, depression symptoms, and mortality in hemodialysis patients: The DOPPSBackground and objectives Physical activity has been associated with better health status in diverse populations, but the association in patients on maintenance hemodialysis is less established. Patient-reported physical activities and associations with mortality, health-related quality of life, and...2014-01-01
12 Aerodynamic drag area of cyclists determined with field-based measuresAerodynamic drag is an important factor in the performance of competitive track and road cyclists. Recently we used wind-tunnel testing to validate a practical measure of aerodynamic drag derived from a field test. We present here instructions for performing the field test on a straight flat road or...2006-01-01
13 Understanding sprint-cycling performance: the integration of muscle power, resistance, and modelingSprint-cycling performance is paramount to competitive success in over half the world-championship and Olympic races in the sport of cycling. This review examines the current knowledge behind the interaction of propulsive and resistive forces that determine sprint performance. Because of recent inno...2007-01-01
14 Fourier series approximations and low pass filtering: facilitating learning of digital signal processing for biomechanics studentsFiltering raw biomechanical data to remove noise is a key first step that must be performed prior to further biomechanical analysis. Raw biomechanical data are usually filtered to remove noise above a specified cutoff frequency, a process known as "low pass filtering". The concept of frequency conte...2009-01-01
15 Cytosolic, but not mitochondrial, oxidative stress likely contributes to cardiac hypertrophy resulting from cardiac specific GLUT4 deletion in miceWe hypothesized that oxidative stress may contribute to the development of hypertrophy observed in mice with cardiac specific ablation of the insulin sensitive glucose transporter gene (GLUT4, G4H-/-4 ). Measurements of oxidized glutathione (GSSG) in isolated mitochondria and whole heart homogenates...2012-01-01
16 Case-control study of risk factors for spasmodic dysphonia: a comparison with other voice disordersObjectives: This epidemiology study examined risk factors uniquely associated with spasmodic dysphonia (SD). Study Design: Case-control. Methods: A questionnaire was administered to 150 patients with SD (with and without coexisting vocal tremor) and 136 patients with other structural, neurological, ...2012-01-01
17 Toward the development of an inventory of daily widowed life (IDWL): guided by the duel process model of coping with bereavementThe Dual Process Model of Coping with Bereavement (Stroebe & Schut, 1999) suggests that the most effective adaptation involves oscillaton between two coping processes: loss-orientation (LO) and restoration-orientation (RO). A 22-item Inventory of Daily Widowed Life (IDWL) was developed to measure t...Bereavement; Grief reaction; Widowhood; Psychological orientation; Adaptation, Psychological2007-07
18 Development of a scale to assess avoidance behavior due to a fear of falling: the fear of falling avoidance behavior questionnaireBackground. A history of falls or imbalance may lead to a fear of falling, which may lead to self-imposed avoidance of activity; this avoidance may stimulate a vicious cycle of deconditioning and subsequent falls. Objective. The purpose of this study was to develop a questionnaire that would quanti...2011
19 Influence of folate on arterial permeability and stiffness in the absence or presence of hyperhomocysteinemiaElevation of plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, but the underlying mechanisms are not well understood.1 Worldwide, the most common cause of mild hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) is deficiency of folate.2,3 Some4-8 but not all9,10 studies sugg...Cystathionine B-synthase; Carotid artery; Aorta; Cardiovascular risk factors; Folate; Hyperhomocysteinemia; Arterial permeability; Arterial stiffness2006
20 Psychosocial factors in sports injury rehabilitation and return to playThe goal of this review is to provide insight into the principles and practices that guide psychological intervention with injury and in so doing cultivate a psychologically minded approach to injury for the medical provider. The chapter is divided into two parts. Part 1 provides an overview of the ...2014-01-01
21 Ceramide-induced disruption of endothelial nitric oxide synthase dimerization in bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAECs) is not secondary to peroxynitrite formationAn estimated 23.6 million individuals in the United States have diabetes and of those 90-95% have type II diabetes. Cardiovascular complications (e.g., hypertension and vascular dysfunction) are four-fold more prevalent in patients with type II diabetes.1 The mechanism(s) responsible for increased s...2010-01-01
22 An eccentrically biased rehabilitation program early after TKA surgeryRehabilitation services are less-studied aspects of the management following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) despite long-term suboptimal physical functioning and chronic deficits in muscle function. This paper describes the preliminary findings of a six-week (12 session) eccentrically-biased rehabili...2011
23 Long-term exercise using weighted vests prevents hip bone loss in postmenopausal womenBackground. Bone mineral density (BMD) is a primary risk factor for hip fracture. We studied the effect of long-term weighted vest plus jumping exercise on hip BMD in postmenopausal women as a strategy for reducing hip fracture risk. Methods. Eighteen postmenopausal women (age 5 64.1 6 1.6 years a...2000
24 Thermus aquaticus and you: biodiversity, human health, and the interpretive challengeImagine being imprisoned for a crime you didn?t commit. How would it affect your physical, mental, and emotional health? How would it affect the health of your family and friends? Imagine your sense of helplessness when everyone who should have helped set you free? eyewitnesses, investigators, pol...2010
25 NDT: an essential part of the curriculumThe Neuro-Developmental Treatment approach (NDT) is an essential part of the curriculum at the University of Utah Division of Occupational Therapy. A wide range of practice models and theories are introduced during the first foundational year of coursework, including Dynamic Systems Theory, Sensory ...2006
1 - 25 of 94