Assessing the validity of the weight pressures in sport scale for male athletes

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Publication Type pre-print
School or College College of Health
Department Health Promotion & Education
Creator Galli, Nick
Other Author Petrie, Trent A.; Reel, Justine J.; Chatterton, Justine M.; Baghurst, Timothy M.
Title Assessing the validity of the weight pressures in sport scale for male athletes
Date 2013-01-01
Description Male athletes are subject to sociocultural pressures to attain a lean and muscular physique (e.g., media images), as well as weight pressures from the sport environment (e.g., performance). The purpose of our study was to examine the validity and reliability of a scale designed to measure sport-specific weight pressures in male athletes, the Weight Pressures in Sport Scale for Male Athletes (WPS-M). We examined the factorial validity of the WPS-M, and established the factors' reliability. Further, we tested the convergent and concurrent validity of the WPS-M factors through associations with the theoretically related constructs of body satisfaction, internalization, drive for muscularity, dietary restraint, bulimic symptomology, and general weight pressures for men. Finally, we determined the factors' incremental validity by examining the extent to which the WPS-M factors predicted relevant outcomes beyond that determined by general sociocultural pressures about weight, body, and appearance. Participants were 698 male intercollegiate athletes from multiple states, sports, and competitive levels. Confirmatory factor analysis revealed three latent factors: (a) Coach/Teammate Pressures about Weight, (b) Importance of Body Weight and Appearance, and (c) Pressures about Weight and Body due to the Sport Uniform. Relationships with related constructs were mostly significant and in the expected direction. Regression analyses supported the utility of the WPS-M for predicting variance in disordered eating beyond that determined by general sociocultural weight pressures. In the future, researchers should employ longitudinal designs and recruit diverse samples of male athletes in order to assess temporal relationships and measurement invariance.
Data Description 2013-01
Type Text
Publisher American Psychological Association (APA)
First Page 1
Last Page 11
Language eng
Bibliographic Citation Galli, N., Petrie, T. A., Reel, J. J., Chatterton, J. M., & Baghurst, T. M. (2013). Assessing the validity of the weight pressures in sport scale for male athletes. Psychology of Men & Masculinity, 1-11.
Rights Management (c) American Psychological Association (APA) This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record.
Format Medium application/pdf
Format Extent 2,337,929 bytes
Identifier uspace,19101
ARK ark:/87278/s6m64vfv
Setname ir_uspace
Date Created 2015-06-19
Date Modified 2021-05-06
ID 713109
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