Fgf10 is required for specification of non-sensory regions of the cochlear epithelium

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Publication Type pre-print
School or College School of Medicine
Department Human Genetics
Creator Mansour, Suzanne L.
Other Author Urness, Lisa D.; Wang, Xiaofen; Shibata, Shumei; Ohyama, Takahiro
Title Fgf10 is required for specification of non-sensory regions of the cochlear epithelium
Date 2014-01-01
Description The vertebrate inner ear is a morphologically complex sensory organ comprised of two compartments, the dorsal vestibular apparatus and the ventral cochlear duct, required for motion and sound detection, respectively. Fgf10, in addition to Fgf3, is necessary for the earliest stage of otic placode induction, but continued expression of Fgf10 in the developing otic epithelium, including the prosensory domain and later in Kolliker's organ, suggests additional roles for this gene during morphogenesis of the labyrinth. While loss of Fgf10 was implicated previously in semicircular canal agenesis, we show that Fgf10-/+ embryos also exhibit a reduction or absence of the posterior semicircular canal, revealing a dosage-sensitive requirement for FGF10 in vestibular development. In addition, we show that Fgf10-/- embryos have previously unappreciated defects of cochlear morphogenesis, including a somewhat shortened duct, and, surprisingly, a substantially narrower duct. The mutant cochlear epithelium lacks Reissner's membrane and a large portion of the outer sulcus--two non-contiguous, non-sensory domains. Marker gene analyses revealed effects on Reissner's membrane as early as E12.5-E13.5 and on the outer sulcus by E15.5, stages when Fgf10 is expressed in close proximity to Fgfr2b, but these effects were not accompanied by changes in epithelial cell proliferation or death. These data indicate a dual role for Fgf10 in cochlear development: to regulate outgrowth of the duct and subsequently as a bidirectional signal that sequentially specifies Reissner's membrane and outer sulcus non-sensory domains. These findings may help to explain the hearing loss sometimes observed in LADD syndrome subjects with FGF10 mutations.
Type Text
Publisher Elsevier
Volume 400
Issue 1
First Page 59
Last Page 71
Language eng
Bibliographic Citation Urness, L. D., Wang, X., Shibata, S., Ohyama, T., & Mansour, S. L. (2014). Fgf10 is required for specification of non-sensory regions of the cochlear epithelium. Developmental Biology, 400(1), p. 59-71.
Rights Management (c) Elsevier ; Authors manuscript from Urness, L. D., Wang, X., Shibata, S., Ohyama, T., & Mansour, S. L. (2014). Fgf10 is required for specification of non-sensory regions of the cochlear epithelium. Developmental Biology, 400(1), p. 59-71. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ydbio.2015.01.015.
Format Medium application/pdf
Format Extent 14,918,163 bytes
Identifier uspace,19311
ARK ark:/87278/s62g0xkr
Setname ir_uspace
Date Created 2015-03-27
Date Modified 2015-03-27
ID 712881
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s62g0xkr
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