Analysis of diffusion tensor imaging for subjects with Down Syndrome

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Publication Type pre-print
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Creator Gerig, Guido
Other Author Sadeghi, Neda; Vachet, Clement; Prastawa, Marcel; Korenberg, Julie
Title Analysis of diffusion tensor imaging for subjects with Down Syndrome
Date 2013-01-01
Description Authors: Neda Sadeghi1, Clement Vachet1, Marcel Prastawa1, Julie Korenberg1, Guido Gerig1 Institutions: 1University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT Introduction: Down syndrome (DS) is the most common chromosome abnormality in humans. It is typically associated with delayed cognitive development and physical growth. DS is also associated with Alzheimer-like dementia [1]. In this study we analyze the white matter integrity of individuals with DS compared to control as is reflected in the diffusion parameters derived from Diffusion Tensor Imaging. DTI provides relevant information about the underlying tissue, which correlates with cognitive function [2]. We present a cross-sectional analysis of white matter tracts of subjects with DS compared to control. Methods: We study a population of 25 adults composed of 12 healthy controls (age 21 +/- 3.97) and 13 subjects diagnosed with Down syndrome (age 26.2 +/- 5.12). Each subject has diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) scans at different ages that capture different stages of development. We construct an unbiased atlas of adult brains as a population template using the method described by Joshi et al. [3]. Diffusion tensor images of the subjects were mapped to the reference space defined by this template. White matter label maps developed and disseminated by Mori et al. [4] were also registered to this template [5][6]. The labeling of regions in the atlas space allows for automatic partitioning of each subject's scans. Fractional anisotropy (FA) were extracted from each region and compared between subjects with Down syndrome and control. False discovery rate was used to adjust for multiple comparisons. Results: We performed white matter analysis on the following brain regions: anterior limb of internal capsule (ALIC, right and left), posterior limb of internal capsule (PLIC, right and left), body of corpus callosum (BCC), genu, splenium, external capsule (ExCap, right and left), and posterior thalamic radiation (PTR), which includes the optic radiation. Cross-sectional FA trajectories differ significantly in controls and DS subjects in the intercept term for ALIC R, Genu, ExCap L, PTR R and PTR L. Opposite patterns of development between controls and DS were observed in almost all the regions except for the left ALIC (ALIC L). FA tends to increase with age for the control group, whereas FA for subjects with Down syndrome tends to decrease with age with the exception of ALIC L which showed increasing trend for both populations. However, we didn't observe any significant differences in the slopes between these two groups which could be due to the small sample size and high variability between subjects. We observed only group-by-age differences for left ExCap (ExCap L). Estimated parameters for linear regression along with p-values are shown in Table 1 and 2.
Type Text
Publisher Organization for Human Brain Mapping
First Page 1
Last Page 4
Language eng
Bibliographic Citation Sadeghi, N., Vachet, C., Prastawa, M., Korenberg, J., & Gerig G. (2013). Analysis of diffusion tensor imaging for subjects with Down Syndrome. Proceedings of the 19th Annual Meeting of the Organization for Human Brain Mapping OHBM, 1-4.
Rights Management (c) Organization for Human Brain Mapping
Format Medium application/pdf
Format Extent 266,710 bytes
Identifier uspace,19117
ARK ark:/87278/s6wd78n6
Setname ir_uspace
Date Created 2015-01-12
Date Modified 2015-01-12
ID 712774
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