Dysphotopsia in phakic and pseudophakic patients: incidence and relation to intraocular lens type(2)

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Publication Type Journal Article
School or College School of Medicine
Department Internal Medicine; Anesthesiology; Ophthalmology; Biomedical Informatics; Family & Preventive Medicine
Creator Olson, Randall J.; Samore, Matthew H.; Pace, Nathan L.
Other Author Tester, Rob
Title Dysphotopsia in phakic and pseudophakic patients: incidence and relation to intraocular lens type(2)
Date 2000-06
Description PURPOSE: To determine the relationship between various intraocular lens (IOL) types and the incidence of unwanted light images. SETTING: The Moran Eye Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. METHODS: A telephone questionnaire was administered to 302 postoperative patients who had received 1 of 6 commonly used IOLs between January and September 1998. Patients were included only if they had uneventful cataract surgery, no additional ocular pathology, and a postoperative best corrected visual acuity of 20/25 or better. A control group of 50 patients with the diagnosis of presbyopia only also participated in the questionnaire. Patients reported on incidence of glare, light sensitivity, and unwanted images. The data were analyzed for statistically significant relationships between incidence of photopsias and IOL type. RESULTS: The AcrySof 5.5 mm, AcrySof 6.0 mm, and SI-40 groups reported significantly more unwanted images than the control group (P =.0014). The 2 AcrySof groups also reported a greater incidence of light to the side causing a central flash, and the SI-40 group, a higher incidence of glare. The control group was more likely to experience symptoms of glare than any pseudophakic group. Overall, a mean of 49% of patients reported some light-related phenomenon postoperatively. The majority in all groups reported being satisfied with their eyesight despite the light-related problems. CONCLUSIONS: A significant number of pseudophakic patients reported symptoms of dysphotopsia. Patients who received an acrylic IOL with flattened edges were at increased risk of experiencing images associated with edge reflections. The SI-40 lens group, although less than the AcrySof groups, reported a higher incidence of glare than the non-AcrySof groups; however, it also had the highest number of patients still driving at night. The phakic population commonly experienced glare reported as more severe than several of the IOL groups.
Type Text
Publisher Elsevier
Volume 26
Issue 6
First Page 810
Last Page 816
Subject Cataract Extraction; Visual Acuity; Lenses, Intraocular; Lens Implantation, Intraocular
Subject MESH Cataract Extraction; Vision Disorders; Retrospective Studies
Language eng
Bibliographic Citation Tester R, Pace NL, Samore M, Olson RJ. (2000). Dysphotopsia in phakic and pseudophakic patients: incidence and relation to intraocular lens type(2). J Cataract Refract Surg, 26(6), 810-6
Rights Management (c) Elsevier DOI: [place doi for article here]; http://dx.doi.org
Format Medium application/pdf
Identifier ir-main,13830
ARK ark:/87278/s6cg07td
Setname ir_uspace
Date Created 2012-06-13
Date Modified 2021-05-06
ID 707399
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6cg07td
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