Resource intensification and late Holocene human impacts on Pacific coast bird populations: evidence from the Emeryville shellmound avifauna

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Publication Type Book Chapter
School or College College of Social & Behavioral Science
Department Anthropology
Creator Broughton, John
Title Resource intensification and late Holocene human impacts on Pacific coast bird populations: evidence from the Emeryville shellmound avifauna
Date 2001
Description Anthropologists and conservation biologists have commonly assumed that the distributions and abundances of vertebrate resources recorded during the early historic period in North America reflected a "pristine" condition. This view follows from the perception that Native American population densities and technological capabilities were simply too low to deplete or extirpate vertebrate populations, or, alternatively, that native peoples were "children of nature" and the original conservationists (Alvard 1993, 1994; Kay 1994). In fact, these perceptions underlie modern wildlife management policies and practices. For example, because pre-Columbian environments are routinely viewed as "primordial wilderness" (Hewes 1973:150), restoring ecosystems to their "original condition" simply requires the elimination of European influences; this is the principle behind "hands-off" or "natural regulation" management (Kay 1994).
Type Text
Publisher Greenwood Publishing Group / ABC-Clio
First Page 251
Last Page 278
Subject Resource intensification; Holocene human impacts; Foraging efficiency; Harvest pressure; Bird populations; Emeryville shellmound
Subject LCSH Nature -- Effect of human beings on; Paleoecology; Extinction (Biology) -- History
Language eng
Bibliographic Citation Broughton, J. M. (2001). Resource intensification and late Holocene human impacts on Pacific coast bird populations: evidence from the Emeryville shellmound avifauna, in Posing Questions for a Scientific Archaeology, eds. Terry L. Hunt, Carl P. Lipo, and Sarah L. Sterling, 251-78.
Rights Management (c)Greenwood Publishing Group
Format Medium application/pdf
Format Extent 14,058,218 bytes
Identifier ir-main,4180
ARK ark:/87278/s64t72t8
Setname ir_uspace
Date Created 2012-06-13
Date Modified 2013-03-07
ID 705682
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s64t72t8
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