Idiopathic intracranial hypertension. Relationship to depression, anxiety, and quality of life

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Publication Type Journal Article
School or College School of Medicine
Department Obstetrics & Gynecology; Ophthalmology; Psychiatry; Neurology
Creator Digre, Kathleen B.; Kleinschmidt, Julia J.; Hanover, Rita
Title Idiopathic intracranial hypertension. Relationship to depression, anxiety, and quality of life
Date 2000-01-25
Description OBJECTIVE: To explore the incidence of depression and anxiety and to measure quality of life in women with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), a matched group cross-sectional study was conducted. Women with IIH (n = 28) were compared with control groups of weight- and age-matched women not diagnosed with IIH (n = 30) and with age-matched women of normal weight (n = 30). METHODS: Eighty-eight women completed a questionnaire soliciting health information and standardized questionnaires measuring depression, anxiety, and quality of life. The groups were compared using analysis of variance and chi2 tests. Where appropriate, post hoc comparisons were made using Fisher's test. RESULTS: Patients with IIH reported a greater number of adverse health problems than either of the control groups. Non-health-related psychosocial concerns were equally prevalent among the three groups, but IIH patients were significantly more affected by hardships associated with health problems than the other two groups. The patient group also had higher levels of depression and anxiety than the control groups. These adverse health conditions were reflected in decreased quality of life measures for the IIH patients. CONCLUSIONS: This study supports previous reports that link obesity and psychosocial difficulties, but obesity alone is not the explanation for the higher levels of depression and lower levels of quality of life.
Type Text
Publisher Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
Volume 54
Issue 2
First Page 319
Last Page 324
Subject Intracranial Hypertension; Depression; Anxiety; Quality of Life
Subject MESH Intracranial Hypertension; Papilledema; Quality of Life; Vision; Depression; Anxiety
Language eng
Bibliographic Citation Kleinschmidt JJ, Digre KB, Hanover R. Idiopathic intracranial hypertension: relationship to depression, anxiety, and quality of life. Neurology. 2000 Jan 25;54(2):319-24. Retrieved on July 30th 2007 from
Rights Management Copyright © Wolters Kluwer, Neurology, 54, 319-24, 2000.
Format Medium application/pdf
Identifier ir-main,1702
ARK ark:/87278/s6gf1bxz
Setname ir_uspace
Date Created 2012-06-13
Date Modified 2021-05-06
ID 705428
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