De novo fenestration of the optic nerve

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Publication Type Journal Article
School or College School of Medicine
Department Neurosurgery
Creator Couldwell, William T.; House, Paul A.
Title De novo fenestration of the optic nerve
Date 2005
Description Fenestration of the optic nerve or chiasm due to the presence of an aneurysmal dilation of the internal carotid artery (ICA) has been described previously. In three of five cases reviewed recently, the optic nerve was penetrated by an ICA?ophthalmic artery aneurysm.3 Penetration of the optic nerve was due to a ruptured anterior communicating artery aneurysm or an aneurysm of the anterior wall of the ICA in the other cases published to date.2,4 Splitting of the optic nerve without the presence of a penetrating aneurysm has not been identified previously. This 50-year-old woman was found to have multiple unruptured aneurysms during an evaluation for refractory tinnitus and headaches. The patient harbored a complex 2-cm aneurysm of the left middle cerebral artery as well as an 8-mm aneurysm at the origin of the right posterior communicating artery. Each of the aneurysms was successfully obliterated with clip ligation during separate operations. During surgery for the right-sided aneurysm, a unique structure of the medial left optic nerve and chiasm was identified (Fig. 1). The smaller portion of the optic nerve was dissected free of the investing arachnoid and was noted to course with the main portion of the nerve toward the optic canal. A cause of the split, such as a penetrating embryonic artery or osseous trabeculae, could not be identified. Several mechanisms have been proposed to explain how an enlarging aneurysm might split the optic nerve. One mechanism would involve a congenital fenestration through which an aneurysm passes. 4 Indeed, duplications of the optic canals have been identified in cadaveric specimens, indicating congenital optic nerve duplication is possible.1 Nevertheless, because this case illustration is the first report we are aware of to demonstrate a de novo optic nerve fenestration, it would appear that congenital fenestrations are extremely rare.
Type Text
Publisher American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS)
Volume 102
Issue 2
Subject Fenestration; Aneurysm
Subject LCSH Optic nerve -- Wounds and injuries
Language eng
Bibliographic Citation House, P. A., & Couldwell, W. T. (2005). De novo fenestration of the optic nerve. Case illustration. Journal of Neurosurgery, 102(2), 390.
Rights Management © American Association of Neurological Surgeons
Format Medium application/pdf
Format Extent 158,600 bytes
Identifier ir-main,12950
ARK ark:/87278/s6cn7n91
Setname ir_uspace
Date Created 2012-06-13
Date Modified 2012-06-13
ID 705421
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