Exacerbation of collagen-induced arthritis in rats by rat cytomegalovirus is antigen-specific.

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Publication Type Journal Article
School or College College of Health; School of Medicine
Department Internal Medicine; Physical Therapy
Creator Griffiths, Marie M.; Sawitzke, Allen D.; Cannon, Grant W.
Other Author Harper, D. Scott; McCall, Shawna; Reese Van R.
Title Exacerbation of collagen-induced arthritis in rats by rat cytomegalovirus is antigen-specific.
Date 1994
Description Collagen-Induced Arthritis (CIA) is an experimentally induced and genetically controlled animal model of chronic joint inflammation. In rats, there are informative strain differences in susceptibility to CIA. DA rats (RT1avl) develop severe CIA after immunization with bovine (BII), chick (CII), or homologous rat (RII) type II collagens. In contrast, the MHC-congenic DA. 1N(BN) and WF.1N(BN) rats (RT1n) are relatively resistant to CIA and develop moderate CIA in response to immunization with CII but not BII or RII. We previously found that simultaneous infection with rat cytomegalovirus (RCMV) greatly exacerbates the severity of arthritis that develops in BII-immunized DA rats. To examine the mechanism of RCMV amplification of CIA, the effect of simultaneous infection with RCMV on arthritis and autoimmunity to type II collagen was determined in WF.1N and DA.1N rats after immunization with BII, CII and RII. RCMV increased the incidence of CIA and the level of autoimmunity to type II collagen (skin-testing and IgG antibody titer) selectively in DA.1N and WF.1N rats immunized with CII, but not in littermates immunized with BII, although the transient reversal of CD4+/CD8+ mononuclear cell ratios in peripheral blood that is associated with RCMV infection occurred equally in both BII- and CII- immunized DA.1N rats. Likewise, RCMV infection moderately increased the levels of anti-RII autoimmunity and arthritis in DA rats sub-optimally immunized with RII but had no consistent effect on either anti-RII immunity or arthritis in RII-immunized DA.1N and WF.1n rats. The data show that RCMV augments arthritis only in rats that are genetically susceptible to CIA and that are appropriately immunized with a species of type II collagen that is arthritogenic for the MHC-haplotype being tested. Two possible mechanisms are suggested by these data: RCMV-associated increases in anti-RII autoimmunity in rats with CIA may result from amino acid sequence homologies between RCMV and type II collagen; alternatively, virus-induced pro-inflammatory cytokines may activate RII-reactive lymphocytes thereby potentiating autoimmunity and arthritis.
Type Text
Publisher Harwood Academic Publishers
Volume 18
Issue 3
First Page 177
Last Page 187
Subject Autoimmunity; Flow Cytometry; Rats, Inbred Strains; Sex Factors
Subject MESH Arthritis, Rheumatoid; Collagen; Herpesviridae Infections; Muromegalovirus
Language eng
Bibliographic Citation Autoimmunity. 1994;18(3):177-87. Griffiths MM, Sawitzke AD, Harper DS, McCall S, Reese VR, Cannon GW. Exacerbation of collagen-induced arthritis in rats by rat cytomegalovirus is antigen-specific.
Rights Management Copyright © 1994 Harwood Academic Publishers. All rights reserved.
Format Medium application/pdf
Identifier ir-main,819
ARK ark:/87278/s6w09q14
Setname ir_uspace
Date Created 2012-06-13
Date Modified 2012-06-13
ID 702665
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6w09q14
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