Experimental study of burning rate in jet-fuel pool fires

Update item information
Publication Type Journal Article
School or College College of Engineering
Department Chemical Engineering
Program Center for the Simulation of Accidental Fires and Explosions (C-SAFE)
Creator Eddings, Eric G.; Sarofim, Adel F.
Other Author Yan, Shihong; Ciro, William
Title Experimental study of burning rate in jet-fuel pool fires
Date 2004
Description Experiments were carried out in a 30 cm diameter pool fire, for both transient and steady-state conditions, utilizing jet fuel, Norpar-15, and a surrogate mixture of hydrocarbons that simulates jet-fuel behavior in a pool fire. Steady state pool fire tests match previous results well. The transient burning rate profile for jet fuel showed a high peak value early in the experiment, followed by a gradual decrease in burning rate as the balance of the fuel was consumed. Transient experiments with a jet fuel surrogate demonstrated similar behavior to the jet fuel. However, experiments performed with Norpar-15) yielded approximately the same value for both transient and steady-state burning rates. GC analysis of fuel samples taken from the pool fire pan over time clearly demonstrated a preferential burning of the light, volatile hydrocarbons during the early stages of the transient fires, which might result in a higher burning rate early on, follow by a slower rate when consuming the less volatile residual hydrocarbons. Results highlight the importance of understanding fuel chemistry when attempting to model, either experimentally or computationally, the pool fire behavior of complex fuel mixtures.
Type Text
Publisher Combustion Institute
First Page 16
Last Page 19
Subject Pool fires; Jet propulsion fuel; Norpar-15
Subject LCSH Jet planes -- Fuel
Language eng
Bibliographic Citation Yan, S., Ciro, W., Eddings, E. G., & Sarofim, A. F. (2004). Experimental study of burning rate in jet-fuel pool fires. Proceedings of theThird Joint Meeting of the U.S. Sections of the Combustion Institute, Chicago, IL, March 16-19.
Rights Management (c)Combustion Institute
Format Medium application/pdf
Format Extent 733,294 bytes
Identifier ir-main,10926
ARK ark:/87278/s6hq4gz8
Setname ir_uspace
Date Created 2012-06-13
Date Modified 2012-06-13
ID 702281
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6hq4gz8
Back to Search Results