||In this study, I investigated and compared secondary school preservice music teacher education programs in the Republic of Korea and in the United States of America. The purpose of this study was to identify similarities and differences between secondary school preservice music teacher education programs from Korea and the United States to facilitate understanding of teacher education programs. I analyzed in detail the admission requirements, curricula, and teaching practica of selected universities in both countries. Specifically, four Korean universities and three U.S. universities were selected for analysis. The Korean universities were Chonnam National University [CNU], Kongju National University [KNU], Korea National University of Education [KNUE], and Konkuk University [KU]. The U.S. universities were The University of Arizona [UA], University of Colorado Boulder [CU-Boulder], and The University of Utah [UU]. The results indicated that for admission requirements, the U.S. universities consider a balance of academic achievement and musical abilities, while the Korean universities allow applicants to compensate for a weakness in one area with a strength in another. Regarding curricula, the U.S. universities focus more on major coursework than do the Korean universities, while there seems to be no particular difference in teaching coursework. Regarding teaching practica, the U.S. universities require more credits overall and longer student teaching periods than do Korean universities.