"Enemies at home": race, citizenship, and the roots of Japanese American internment policy

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Publication Type thesis
School or College College of Humanities
Department History
Author Brown, Barbara Jones
Title "Enemies at home": race, citizenship, and the roots of Japanese American internment policy
Date 2012-08
Description On February 19, 1942, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066, authorizing the mass incarceration of some 110,000 Japanese Americans and aliens from the West Coast, southern Arizona, and Hawaii. About two-thirds of those interned were American citizens; most of the others were longtime residents of the United States prohibited from becoming naturalized because of their "race." Mainstream interpretations assert that the internment was a hasty decision made in the racist hysteria that erupted after Japan's December 7, 1941, attack on Pearl Harbor. This perception maintains that the public's long-held animosity toward Japanese in America, exacerbated by war hysteria, influenced West Coast pressure groups, media, and military and political leaders to implore federal officials in Washington for the mass incarceration, and the federal government eventually succumbed. This paper addresses questions, raised by primary research, that challenge this interpretation. If the impetus for the internment came from West Coast grassroots after Pearl Harbor, then why had federal officials considered this option long before December 7, 1941? If the impetus stemmed from a regional effort to rid the West Coast of people of Japanese descent, why did the federal government effect the internment of Japanese not only on the West Coast, but from throughout the Western Hemisphere?
Type Text
Publisher University of Utah
Subject Internment; Japanese American; Policy; "Race"; World War II
Dissertation Name Master of Arts
Language eng
Rights Management Copyright © Barbara Jones Brown 2012
Format Medium application/pdf
Format Extent 1,947,105 bytes
Identifier etd3/id/3434
ARK ark:/87278/s6fr34wk
Setname ir_etd
Date Created 2015-04-15
Date Modified 2019-11-14
ID 196990
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6fr34wk