Preparation of bio-compatible boron nanoparticles and novel mesoporous silica nanoparticles for bio-applications

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Publication Type dissertation
School or College College of Science
Department Chemistry
Author Gao, Zhe
Title Preparation of bio-compatible boron nanoparticles and novel mesoporous silica nanoparticles for bio-applications
Date 2013-05
Description This dissertation presents the synthesis and characterization of several novel inorganic and hybrid nanoparticles, including the bio-compatible boron nanoparticles (BNPs) for boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT), tannic acid-templated mesoporous silica nanoparticles and degradable bridged silsesquioxane silica nanoparticles. Chapter 1 provides background information of BNCT and reviews the development of design and synthesizing silica nanoparticles and the study of silica material degradability. Chapter 2 describes the preparation and characterization of dopamine modified BNPs and the preliminary cell study of them. The BNPs were first produced via ball milling, with fatty acid on the surface to stabilize the combustible boron elements. This chapter will mainly focus on the ligand-exchange strategy, in which the fatty acids were replaced by non-toxic dopamines in a facile one-pot reaction. The dopamine-coated BNPs (DA-BNPs) revealed good water dispersibility and low cytotoxicity. Chapter 3 describes the synthesis of tannic acid template mesoporous silica nanoparticles (TA-TEOS SiNPs) and their application to immobilize proteins. The monodispersed TA SiNPs with uniform pore size up to approximately 13 nm were produced by utilizing tannic acid as a molecular template. We studied the influence of TA concentration and reaction time on the morphology and pore size of the particles. Furthermore, the TA-TEOS particles could subsequently be modified with amine groups allowing them to be capable of incorporating imaging ligands and other guest molecules. The ability of the TA-TEOS particles to store biomolecules was preliminarily assessed with three proteins of different charge characteristics and dimensions. The immobilization of malic dehydrogenase on TA-TEOS enhanced the stability of the enzyme at room temperature. Chapter 4 details the synthesis of several bridged silsesquioxanes and the preparation of degradable hybrid SiNPs via co-condensation of bridged silsesquioxanes with tetraethoxysilane. In vivo studies show that the solid SiNPs accumulate in many organs due to the lack of degradability. The aim of our work is to address this shortcoming by producing novel degradable SiNPs. Bridged silsesquioxanes were used as the precursors of the particles, and upon cleavage of the carbamate groups when brought into contact with aqueous media, the particles degraded into porous structures.
Type Text
Publisher University of Utah
Subject bio-compatible nanoparticles; boron neutron capture therapy; degradable materials; mesoporous silica nanoparticles; silsesquioxane; tannic acid
Dissertation Institution University of Utah
Dissertation Name Doctor of Philosophy
Language eng
Rights Management Copyright © Zhe Gao 2013
Format Medium application/pdf
Format Extent 2,504,238 bytes
ARK ark:/87278/s6zg773x
Setname ir_etd
Date Created 2013-05-17
Date Modified 2017-07-20
ID 195859
Reference URL