Examination of serum cholesterol level and sociodemographic variables

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Publication Type thesis
School or College College of Social & Behavioral Science
Department Sociology
Author Mohebali, Donya
Title Examination of serum cholesterol level and sociodemographic variables
Date 2009
Description Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in the U.S. and Utah for both genders, and all racial and ethnic groups. Although many risk factors exist for cardiovascular disease, elevated total serum cholesterol levels are a major modifiable risk factor. Low income populations who have little access to health care face continual challenges in the form of environmental, social, and psychological barriers. Consequently, they are increasingly susceptible to the development of unmonitored high serum cholesterol levels and the subsequent risk of cardiovascular disease. The purpose of this study was to explore and examine the relationship between cholesterol level and socio-demographic variables, in order to work towards better prevention and screening in this population. Data was collected from the Maliheh Free Clinic located in Salt Lake City, Utah that offers health care to an underserved population who do not qualify for Medicaid or Medicare. A total of 226 patient charts were reviewed to collect data on patient characteristics and socioeconomic variables. Descriptive statistics such as chi square, T-tests, and ANOVA were performed to analyze the data. Total serum cholesterol among patients increased with age (p=.05). Mean total serum cholesterol decreased as income level increased among our sample. A higher percentage of patients in unemployed (14.0%) or unknown income (15.9%) categories were at highrisk (>= 240 mg/dL) compared to patients who had some monthly income. A higher percentage of male patients were found to be in the high risk category for total serum cholesterol level compared to female patients (13.6% vs. 11.8%). These findings allow a better understanding of the particular risks associated with serum cholesterol levels in this population. This information can be used to provide better preventative care, screening, and health education workshops to prevent cardiovascular disease in a culturally appropriate manner that meets the specific needs of this low-income population.
Type Text
Publisher University of Utah
Subject Blood cholesterol; Blood Cholesterol - Social aspects; Blood cholesterol - Economic aspects
Dissertation Institution University of Utah
Dissertation Name Honors Bachelor of Science
Language eng
Rights Management (c)Donya Mohebali
Format Medium application/pdf
Format Extent 1,217,247 bytes
Identifier etd2/id/1524
Conversion Specifications Original scanned on Epson GT-30000 as 400 dpi to pdf using ABBYY FineReader 9.0 Professional Edition.
ARK ark:/87278/s6cj8v35
Setname ir_etd
Date Created 2012-04-23
Date Modified 2021-05-06
ID 193566
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6cj8v35
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