Chromosome translocation : development and characterization of a novel genetic selection system in yeast

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Publication Type dissertation
School or College School of Medicine
Department Biochemistry
Author Tennyson, Rachel B.
Title Chromosome translocation : development and characterization of a novel genetic selection system in yeast
Date 2000-12
Description Chromosome translocations occur when DNA is transferred from one chromosome to another or is exchanged between chromosomes. The process is known to start with two nonhomologous, intact chromosomes and to end with two nonhomologous derivative chromosomes carrying DNA from the translocation partner. However, what happens in between is very poorly understood. There are a number of reasons for this. One is that chromosome translocations probably occur by a number of different mechanisms. Based on breakpoint sequences and epidemiological studies of diseases characterized by chromosome translocations, many hypotheses have been made as to how translocations actually arise. These include misrepair of double-strand breaks by homologous and nonhomologous recombinational repair pathways and errors of site-directed recombination pathways. The process of translocation is poorly understood also because there is no selection system in a model organism to detect the untargeted types of translocations present in human diseases. It has become apparent over the last 10 years that although various eukaryotes preferentially use different double-strand break repair systems, all eukaryotes are capable of repairing double-strand breaks in essentially the same ways. Therefore the development of a chromosome translocation selection system in a model organism would be of great benefit in investigating this process. This dissertation describes the development and characterization of a novel genetic selection system for chromosome translocations in the yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The system specifically selects translocations between a translocation YAC and any chromosome in the yeast genome. The translocation products are analyzed by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, Southern blot hybridization, PCR, and breakpoint sequencing. Such analyses provide insights into how translocations are happening within yeast and provide directions to pursue in future assays. Production of a specific double-strand break in the YAC increases the translocation rate as would be expected if formation of a double-strand break is rate-limiting in translocation. The assay works in yeast strains that have been made deficient in homologous recombination by deletion of RAD52 and limitation of homology between the YAC and the yeast genome. Product analysis and rates also suggest differences between haploid and diploid strains. The current results suggest that it will be possible to use this assay in yeast to study chromosome translocation in ways relevant to the processes in mammalian systems.
Type Text
Publisher University of Utah
Subject Genetics
Subject MESH Chromosomes; Neoplasms; Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Dissertation Institution University of Utah
Dissertation Name PhD
Language eng
Relation is Version of Digital reproduction of "Chromosome translocation : development and characterization of a novel genetic selection system in yeast". Spencer S. Eccles Health Sciences Library.
Rights Management © Rachel B. Tennyson.
Format Medium application/pdf
Format Extent 3,878,212 bytes
Identifier undthes,3840
Source Original University of Utah Spencer S. Eccles Health Sciences Library (no longer available)
Master File Extent 3,878,261 bytes
ARK ark:/87278/s6dz0b4t
Setname ir_etd
Date Created 2012-04-24
Date Modified 2021-05-06
ID 191277
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6dz0b4t
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