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Independent national quarterly established to express Mormon culture and examine the relevance of religion to secular life. It is edited by Mormons who wish to bring their faith into dialogue with human experience as a whole and to foster artistic and scholarly achievement based on their cultural heritage. The journal encourages a variety of viewpoints; although every effort is made to insure accurate scholarship and responsible judgment, the views expressed are those of the individual authors and are not necessarily those of the Mormon Church or of the editors.
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Quinn: New Plural Marriages, 1890-1904 87 Cannon and Smith, Apostle Matthias F. Cowley performed the ceremonies for Hugh J. Cannon and John M. Cannon on 18 July 1900. These were the first plural marriages Cowley had performed in seven months, but now that he had the blessing of the two Presidency counselors Cowley performed several almost every month thereafter.311 Two weeks later, Joseph F. Smith was in the Mexican colonies with Seymour B. Young, senior president of the Council of Seventy, and decided to grant Benjamin duff the polygamous marriage in Mexico that President Snow had refused to authorize. Cluff later told his daughter, "Brother Joseph F. Smith told me that I could marry Aunt Florence," and that the marriage was performed in her home.312 On 8 August 1900, Joseph F. Smith and Seymour B. Young spoke at Colonia Diaz, where Florence Reynolds had been living under the name of Cluff for nearly a year hoping to be allowed to marry Benjamin Cluff. Young recorded in his diary: "Last evening after meeting I was called to administer to and bless Sr Florence Reynolds Cluff in connection with her husband I gave her such a blessing as she will never forget. Neither will Bro Cluff forget." She gave birth to their first child less than ten months later.313 The next day at Colonia Dublan, Joseph I. Clawson (whose first wife was childless) asked Counselor Smith to make an exception to the ban on new plural marriages in Mexico, and Seymour B. Young recorded: "During this eve Pres Smith asked me if I would like to go with Bro Pratt [Juarez Stake Counselor Helaman Pratt, a post-Manifesto polygamist] and minister to a couple who needed my administration. I went & attend[ed] to this duty they were Jos. I [Clawson] & Celestia Durfee," and then he recorded the words of the sealing ceremony for time and eternity.314 311 Note 305; Hugh J. Cannon and John M. Cannon Family Group Sheets; compare references (including her birthdate) to the intended plural wife "Maggie C." in Joseph W. Summerhays, Diary, 19-20 Feb., 1-2 March, 4 March, 8 March, 17 March 1898, 28 April 1899. Matthias F. Cowley, Marriage Record, 1898-1903; John Bennion Cannon, Oral History, interviewed by Leonard R. Grover, 1980, p. 3, LDS Polygamy Oral History Project, Charles Redd Center for Western Studies, BYU; Mary Bennion Powell document, 29 Jan. 1952, p. 50, Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley, California. 312 Fern Cluff Ingram, Oral History, interviewed by Leonard R. Grover, 1980, pp. 5, 7, LDS Polygamy Oral History Project, Charles Redd Center for Western Studies, BYU. 313 Diaz Ward Minutes, 17 Sept. 1899, 8 Aug. 1900, LDS Church Archives; Benjamin Cluff, Jr., Family Group Sheets; editorial statement of Stanley S. Ivins in Anthony W. Ivins, Typed Diary, p. 128, 18 May 1900; Asa Kienke, Diary, 29 Aug. 1900, BYU; Seymour B. Young, Diary, 7—9 Aug. 1900. Young's dating in the diary is a little confused at this time, but the ward minutes and the fact of her residence in Diaz clarify the chronological details. Cluff's diaries at BYU end on 15 April 1900 and do not resume until 1903. The entries for August 1900 were in Cluff's diary of the BYA South American expedition, and he lost those diaries before his return to the United States. Florence's father, First Presidency secretary George Reynolds, testified that the marriage occurred sometime between December 1899 and 1901. Smoot Case 2:39. 314 Seymour B. Young, Diary, 9 Aug. 1900; Joseph I. Clawson Family Group Sheet says, "Parents were sealed in Mexico by visiting Apostle .... Sealed when married in Colonia Dublan." Verlan M. LeBaron, The LeBaron Story (Lubbock, Tex.: Keels & Co., 1981), pp. 39-40 gives the background to this marriage and adds, "It was very dark and Brother Clawson could not see who performed the ceremony. The voice, however, sounded exactly like President Smith's."