The Effect of Inorganic VS Organic Fertilizer on an Urban Lawn in Salt Lake City, Utah

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Publication Type honors thesis
School or College School of Biological Sciences
Department Biological Sciences
Faculty Mentor Diane Pataki
Creator Azadpour, Elmera
Title The Effect of Inorganic VS Organic Fertilizer on an Urban Lawn in Salt Lake City, Utah
Date 2019
Description While lawn management practices have altered the capacity for urban lawns to act as Nitrogen (N) sinks, there have been few studies of the effects of organic vs. inorganic fertilizer additions to urban lawns. We evaluated how foliar and soil N content and isotopic N composition (δ15N) varied as a result of different fertilizer treatment (inorganic, organic or control). We also evaluated differences in lawn above ground net primary productivity (ANPP) among fertilization treatments. We hypothesized that (1) lawn plots managed with organic fertilizer would exhibit lower leaf %N than inorganic fertilizer treatments due to N cycling and losses via leaching; (2) organic fertilizer would exhibit more enriched δ15N in plant and soil tissue due to trophic level effects of animal derived N; (3) the fertilization effect on %N of grasses and soil would be strongest immediately following fertilization and taper off throughout the growing season due to N mineralization losses and immobilization; (4) if soils are N-limited prior to fertilization, fertilized plots - regardless of form (inorganic or organic) -- would have higher ANPP compared with control plots. We found that lawn plots managed with organic fertilizer had lower leaf %N than inorganic fertilizer plots, and that all fertilized plots showed a declining treatment effect on %N over time. However, treatment effects on δ15N varied over time. We found that organic fertilizer plots had significantly lower foliar δ15N than inorganic and control throughout the growing season. Finally, we found no differences in ANPP across treatments for plots. In this study, fertilizer treatments did not stimulate ANPP of grasses, suggesting that these lawns were not strongly N-limited prior to fertilization.
Type Text
Publisher University of Utah
Language eng
Rights Management (c) Elmera Azadpour
Format Medium application/pdf
Permissions Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6j15s6x
ARK ark:/87278/s6bk7290
Setname ir_htoa
Date Created 2020-08-03
Date Modified 2021-05-06
ID 1588140
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6bk7290
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