Production of Hydrogen through Photoelectrocatalytic Oxidation of Coal Using TiO2 Nanotube Arrays

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Publication Type Journal Article
School or College College of Engineering
Department Chemical Engineering
Creator Eddings, Eric
Other Author Ding Wang; Bonan Wang; Swomitra Mohanty
Title Production of Hydrogen through Photoelectrocatalytic Oxidation of Coal Using TiO2 Nanotube Arrays
Date 2017
Description The Electrochemical Society The Electrochemical Society Production of Hydrogen through Photo-Electro-Catalytic Oxidation of Coal Using TiO2 Nanotube Arrays Ding Wang1, Bobby Mohanty1, Bonan Wang1 and Eric Eddings1 Published 15 April 2017 • © 2017 ECS - The Electrochemical Society ECS Meeting Abstracts, Volume MA2017-01, Z04-Sustainable Materials and Manufacturing 2 Turn on MathJax Get permission to re-use this article Share this article Share this content via email Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Google+ Share on Mendeley Article information Abstract Due to global warming concerns, major efforts have been devoted to reducing CO2 emission by switching from the use of coal to other clean fuels, such as natural gas. However, since coal is the most abundant hydrocarbon resource, it would be helpful to develop a non-traditional approach for the utilization of coal that substantially reduces its climate impacts, e.g., electro-oxidation of coal. Electro-oxidation of coal has been studied for many years. The basic concept provides for the production of gaseous pure hydrogen fuel (H2), along with a separate stream of CO2, and these products can be achieved at relatively mild reaction conditions as compared to conventional coal gasification. However, due to the formation of a diffusive barrier film at the coal surface during the oxidation reaction, sufficiently high kinetic rates leading to an acceptable level of conversion have not been achieved at atmospheric pressure. In addition, to obtain desired reaction rate and electrode stability, noble metal materials have to be used in this process, resulting in higher cost and a higher barrier for potential commercialization. To solve these problems, a modified electro-oxidation of coal concept has been developed, by combining pyrolysis and photo-electro-catalysis technology. As a widely used photo catalyst, black TiO2 nanotube arrays (bTNA) have been intensively studied as the anode material in the area of photo-assisted water electrolysis. However, in nontransparent systems, use of this process is still a challenge. In this modified process, coal can be oxidized by bTNA with the aid of sunlight, with iron cations serving as the shuttle catalyst. Along with the development of this concept, a series of parameters (e.g., the reaction conditions and methods for electrode preparation) were also examined to facilitate higher kinetic rates, higher coal conversions and overall higher energy efficiency.
Type Text
Publisher 231st Electrochemical Society Meeting, New Orleans, May 28-June 1, 2017.
Subject Hydrogen production; TiO2 nanotubes; electrooxidation; photocatalysis
Language eng
Rights Management (c) 2017 ECS - The Electrochemical Society
Format Medium application/pdf
ARK ark:/87278/s6p03j3t
Setname ir_uspace
Date Created 2020-04-21
Date Modified 2021-05-06
ID 1542029
Reference URL