Periodicals; Mormons; Religious thought; Philosophy and religion
Independent national quarterly established to express Mormon culture and examine the relevance of religion to secular life. It is edited by Mormons who wish to bring their faith into dialogue with human experience as a whole and to foster artistic and scholarly achievement based on their cultural heritage. The journal encourages a variety of viewpoints; although every effort is made to insure accurate scholarship and responsible judgment, the views expressed are those of the individual authors and are not necessarily those of the Mormon Church or of the editors.
Dialogue Foundation, 900 Hilgard Avenue, Los Angeles, California 90024
Backstage Library Works - 1180 S. 800 E. Orem, UT 84097
Rees, Robert A.
Pages scanned at 400ppi on Fujitsu fi-5650C sheetfed scanner as 8-bit grayscale or 24-bit RGB uncompressed TIFF images. Images resized to 950 pixels wide, 150 dpi, and saved as JPEG (level 8) in PhotoShop CS with Unsharp Mask of 100/.3.
Digital image, copyright 2004, Dialogue Foundation. All rights reserved.
Seers, Savants and Evolution I 73 called Adam"? He was the first man on the earth, and its framer and maker. He, with the help of his brethren, brought it into existence. Then he said, "I want my children who are in the spirit world to come and live here. I once dwelt upon an earth something like this, in a mortal state, I was faithful, I received my crown and exaltation. I have the privilege of extending my work, and to its increase there will be no end. I want my children that were born to me in the spirit world to come here and take tabernacles of flesh, that their spirits may have a house, a tabernacle or a dwelling place as mine has, and where is the mystery? (Deseret News, vol. 22:308, June 18, 1873, reporting a speech of June 8, 1873). But later presidents did not share this view. Nels Nelson, What Truth Is (Salt Lake City: Stevens and Wallis, Inc., 1947), pp. 60-61, reports that his request to President John Taylor for information on the subject elicited a reply which "told me without qualification that 'Adam and Eve while in the Garden of Eden were translated human beings.'" Further, a similar request from Bishop Joseph H. Eldredge of Myton, Utah, to President Heber J. Grant was answered, stating: "If what is meant is that Adam has passed on to celestial glory through a resurrection before he came here, and that afterwards he was appointed to this earth to die again, the second time becoming mortal, then it is not scriptural or according to the truth. . . . Adam had not passed through the resurrection___" The letter, signed by President Grant and dated Feb. 26, 1931, is published in Clark, James R., Messages of the First Presidency, 5:289~290, 1971. Typescript copies, usually dated erroneously 1936, and carrying the signatures of both President Grant and David O. McKay (his counselor) have been widely circulated in Church circles for many years. Such differences in viewpoint should not be upsetting to those who have studied their Church history, but should serve as a caution to all who are tempted to teach any given doctrine about Adam as "the Church view." Consider also the message of J. Reuben Clark, Jr., fn. 6. 58Cf. Turner and/or Kraut, fn. 57, for appropriate references. 59Millenial Star, 17:297-298, 1855. 60Deseret News, 10(21) :i62-i63, July 25, i860. The First Presidency's statement was reprinted as part of the 1865 refutation also, cf. fn. 50. The 'revised' version of Pratt's sermon may also be found in JD, 7:371-376. 61Taylor, J., Mediation and Atonement (Salt Lake City: Deseret News Co., 1882), pp. 163-165; 1950 reprint, Stevens and Wallis, Inc., Salt Lake City, pp. 159-160. e2JD, 24:61, cf. also 24:257, 1883. 63Juvenile Instructor, 18:191, June 15, 1883. President Cannon appears to have addressed essentially the same theme in his Founder's Day speech at the Brigham Young Academy (University) in 1896. The best account I have been able to locate of this speech quotes Cannon only "in substance," however, so it is impossible to determine his exact statements. The basic stance, however, is anti-evolutionary, at least with respect to human origins; cf. Daily Enquirer (Provo, Utah), 14 (116) :i, October 16,1896. 6*See, for example, Millenial Star, 23(41) -.651-654, October 12, 1861. 65Cf. Turner and/or Kraut, fn. 57, and "Journal of Abraham H. Cannon," entries of March 10, 1888, and June 23,1889; originals in Brigham Young University Library. 66Bitton, D., "Anti-Intellectualism in Mormon History," Dialogue, 1(3) :m-i34, 1966. 67Widtsoe, J. A., Joseph Smith As Scientist, A Contribution to Mormon Philosophy (Salt Lake City: The General Board (of the) Young Men's Mutual Improvement Associations, 1908). 68Editor's Table, Era, 12:489-494, April 1909. 69Era, 12 \505-50q, May 1909, a reprint from the February 11, 1909, Millenial Star. 70Era, 13:75-81, November 1909; also in Clark, J. R., Messages of the First Presidency, 4:199-206, 1970. Actually, this statement is the work of a special committee appointed for its production. James E. Talmage, not yet one of the general authorities, was a member, and records meeting with the committee on the dates of Sept. 27 and 30, 1909, to consider the document; cf. "Personal Journal of James Edward Talmage," 12:9i-92, under the above dates, originals in Brigham Young University library. 71This numbering counts only the paragraphs of the actual text; scriptural quotations are not counted. J. R. Clark, who does count them separately, would refer to these paragraphs as 30-32; cf. Messages of the First Presidency, 5:243,1971. 72When this statement was reprinted in Smith, Joseph Fielding, Man His Origin and Destiny (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Co., 1954), the phrase "primal parent of our race" was changed to read "primal parent of the race," cf. p. 354; and it continues to be quoted thus incorrectly in other Mormon works. To some students, this represents an alteration in meaning. Whether it would have been so interpreted by the 1909 First Presidency, however, is moot.