Periodicals; Mormons; Religious thought; Philosophy and religion
Independent national quarterly established to express Mormon culture and examine the relevance of religion to secular life. It is edited by Mormons who wish to bring their faith into dialogue with human experience as a whole and to foster artistic and scholarly achievement based on their cultural heritage. The journal encourages a variety of viewpoints; although every effort is made to insure accurate scholarship and responsible judgment, the views expressed are those of the individual authors and are not necessarily those of the Mormon Church or of the editors.
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70 I Dialogue Church News section of Deseret News, July 31, 1954, pp. z(; (text of a speech to LDS Seminary and Institute Teachers, BYU, July 7, 1954) is by far the most candid and valuable analysis of this problem by a general authority. 7The best statement known to me on the intimacies of this relationship is in Joseph F. Smith's pledge to the church upon assuming its Presidency, November 10, 1901, Conference Reports, p. 82; also in Clark, James R., op. cit., 4:4-6,1970. 8To be very precise, it appears that no statement or revelation even from a President of the Church is binding on the Church as a body unless accepted by them by vote in conference (Testimony of President Joseph F. Smith in Proc. before the Committee on Privileges and Elections of the U. S. Senate (the Reed Smoot Case); 1:95-97, X9O4)- This distinction seems quite unnecessary in the current discussion, however, since neither lay-members nor general authorities take cognizance of it in general practice. 9Barbour, I. G., Issues in Science and Religion (London: SCM Press, Ltd., 1966), analyzes the "gaps" problem nicely. Cf. also Dobzhansky, Th., The Biology of Ultimate Concern (New York: World Publishing Co., 1967), pp. 12-34. 10We make no attempt here to analyze the validity of the argument. As with all other points to be discussed, we are here interested only in presenting positions. Those who wish to pursue the subject would do well to begin with D. R. Burrill (ed.), The Cosmological Arguments, A Spectrum of Opinion (Garden City, New York: Anchor 1967). uCf. deBeer, Sir Gavin, Charles Darwin, A Scientific Biography (Garden City, New York: Anchor, 1963), pp. 266-275; also F- Darwin (ed.), The Life and Letters of Charles Darwin (New York: Appleton, 1887), 2:146, and More Letters of Charles Darwin (New York: Appleton, 1903), 1:395. 12McKay, David O., "A Message for LDS College Youth," BYU Address, October 10, 1952, BYU Extension Publications, pp. 6-7. The published version is poorly edited and proofed. We have corrected here the spelling of Millikan's name and added for clarity the word "to" shown in brackets. The deleted material is all consistent with the sentiments of the quote as here rendered, but too garbled for precise reconstruction. 13An introduction to the non-LDS literature can be gained from: White, A. D., A History of the Warfare of Science with Theology in Christendom (1896, reprinted by Dover Publications, Inc., New York, i960, 2 vols.), and Loewenberg, B. ]., Darwinism Comes to America, 1859-1900 (Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1969). There is as yet no satisfactory review and introduction to LDS materials on the subject. 14Cf. White, O. K., Jr., "Mormonism—A Nineteenth Century Heresy," J. Religious Thought, 26:44-55, 1969. That Brigham Young perceived these deep distinctions is evident: ". . . we differ from the Christian world in our religious faith and belief; and so we do very materially. I am not astonished that infidelity prevails to a great extent among the inhabitants of the earth, for the religious teachers of the people advance many ideas and notions for truth which are in opposition to and contradict facts demonstrated by science, and which are generally understood," Journal of Discourses (hereafter JD), 14:115,1871. 15Of the many books available, L. Eiseley's Darwin's Century (Garden City, New York: Doubleday, 1958) is probably the best single general work. Also recommended are W. Irvine's Apes, Angels, and Victorians (Cleveland: World Publishing Co., 1955), and Sir G. deBeer's Charles Darwin, A Scientific Biography (Garden City, New York: Anchor, 1963). 16Mayr, E., "The Nature of the Darwinian Revolution," Science, 176:981-989, 1972. 17It is a distortion to characterize the dispute as one between science and religion. The dispute was with specific theologies, not religion per se. The distinction is critical but usually overlooked. 18The dispute over some of these issues, particularly the fourth, cannot be directly attributed to Darwin. There can be no doubt that his proposals intensified the concern over them, however, and they eventually became all part of one intermeshed debate. The inclusion here is thus not unjustified. 19The Catholic Encyclopedia (New York: Robert Appleton Co., 1908), 4:470. 20Morris, H. M., Biblical Cosmology and Modern Science (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker Book House, 1970), p. 68. Cf. White, A. D., op. cit., 1:2-7 for variations on the theme. 21Times and Seasons (hereafter T&S), 5:615, 1844. An expanded and variant version of this statement appears in History of the Church, 6:308-309, edited by B. H. Roberts (2nd ed., 1962). In Smith, Joseph Fielding, (compiler), Teachings of the Prophet Joseph Smith (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Co., 1958 printing), the same quote is given, pp. 350-352. Though the latter compiler cites the Times and Seasons as his source, he actually gives the HC account.