Periodicals; Mormons; Religious thought; Philosophy and religion
Independent national quarterly established to express Mormon culture and examine the relevance of religion to secular life. It is edited by Mormons who wish to bring their faith into dialogue with human experience as a whole and to foster artistic and scholarly achievement based on their cultural heritage. The journal encourages a variety of viewpoints; although every effort is made to insure accurate scholarship and responsible judgment, the views expressed are those of the individual authors and are not necessarily those of the Mormon Church or of the editors.
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Religion and Science: A Symbiosis I 39 as in biology or psychology. For two opposing points of view, see Polanyi, The Tacit Dimension (New York: Doubleday-Anchor, 1967), pp. 36-52, and J. Bronowski, "New Concepts in the Evolution of Complexity," American Scholar, Autumn 1972, pp. 570 ff. 37Thus C. F. von Weizsacker: "Positivism . . . says no more than science already knows. It is then in a sense the null class among philosophical systems, with the merit of the most radical self-criticism." (The World-View of Physics [Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press, 1952], p. 113.) Nevertheless, this self-criticism can be extremely useful; Ernst Mach's positivist attacks on classical mechanics not only pointed out serious shortcomings in the theory, but stimulated Einstein to do something about them. The result was the theory of relativity. 38Polanyi, The Tacit Dimension, p. 80. 39Polanyi, in the Introduction to Science, Faith and Society, declares that he was originally led to the search for a new scientific epistemology by the abuses of science in the Soviet Union —a society which in theory was founded on scientific principles. In practice, though, party ideologues nearly destroyed Soviet biology in the 1940s, and tried as late as the middle 1950s to force Russian physicists to renounce relativity theory in the name of Communist doctrine. See Jaki, op. cit., Chap. XI, "The Fate of Physics in Scientism." 40Polanyi, The Tacit Dimension, p. 92. 41Francis MacDonald Cornford, From Religion to Philosophy (New York: Harper and Brothers, 1957), p. 45. 42Owen Barfield, Saving the Appearances: A Study in Idolatry (New York: Harcourt, Brace and World, 1965), Chap. III. Quotation from p. 24. iZIbid. Cornford, op. cit., pp. 43-50. Erwin Schrodinger, What is Life? and Other Scientific Essays (New York: Doubleday-Anchor, 1956), p. 210. 44As in totemism. See Barfield, op. cit., Chap. IV, and Cornford, op. cit., pp. 55-63, 73-90. 45Barfield, op. cit., p. 94. 46Plato, Timaeus, trans. F. M. Cornford (Indianapolis: Liberal Arts Press, 1959), p. 48 (Para. 49a). 47Plato notes that "the revolutions of our own thought are akin to them [the motions of the heavens], though ours be troubled and they are unperturbed." Timaeus, p. 45. 4SThis same process led to the development of perspective in painting. 49Barfield, op. cit., Chap. XXII. 50Butterfield, op. cit., p. 5. 51Oresme and Buridan, who preceded Galileo, realized that a mechanomorphic nature would need no celestial intelligences to drive the spheres—which would be more in accord with the biblical accounts, in which no such animating spirits were mentioned. For this reason, mechanical models even had the limited backing of Catholic theologians. Jaki, op. cit., pp. 416-17. 52For Plato (loc. cit.), "by learning to know them [the revolutions of the heavenly bodies] and acquiring the power to compute them according to nature [that is, to save the appearances], we might reproduce the perfectly unerring revolutions of the god and reduce to settled order the wandering motions in ourselves." 53"Saving the appearances" is a technical term for the proper use of hypotheses; we would probably say that an hypothesis "fits the data." See Barfield, op. cit., pp. 46-52. 54Thus the germ of this idea was also stated by Kepler: God, he says, "founded everything in the world according to the norm of quantity." Hence, when "harmonies [of numbers] . . . accommodate experience," we have arrived at the real order of nature. See Gerald Holton, loc. cit. 55Quoted by Giorgio de Santillana, The Crime of Galileo (Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press, 1955), P- 3*7- 56Whitehead, op. cit., p. 24. 57Quoted by Jaki, op. cit., p. 67. 58Ibid., p. 93. 59Ibid. 60Jaki, op. cit., Chaps. II and III. Albert Einstein and Leopold Infeld The Evolution of Physics (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1955). (It is not as well known as it should be that