|Subject||Christians-Hawaii--Newspapers; Missions--Hawaii--Newspapers; Sailors-Hawaii--Newspapers; Temperance--Newspapers|
|Description||Published by the Rev. Samuel Chenery Damon from 1845 to 1885, The Friend focused on temperance and Christian mission to seamen. It began as a monthly newspaper that included news from both American and English newspapers, and gradually expanded to adding announcements of upcoming events, reprints of sermons, poetry, local news, editorials, ship arrivals and departures and a listing of marriages and deaths. From 1885 through 1887, it was co-edited by the Revs. Cruzan and Oggel. The editorship then passed to Rev. Sereno Bishop, who held the post until the publication of the paper fell under the auspices of the Board of the Hawaiian Evangelical Association in April of 1902 where it remained until June 1954. Since then, it has continued in a different format under the Hawaii Conference-United Church of Christ up to the present day, making it the oldest existing newspaper in the Pacific. Note that there are some irregularities in the numbering of individual issues, so that two issues may have the same volume and number, but different dates will distinguish them.|
The Friend March, 1946 QTY - THE FRIEND HONO&.U&.U a - ..liil.. ....... ... MOLOKAI VOL. CXVI ~(!yum)~-::::~ -- • Ji Honolulu, Hawaii, March, 1946 CONTENTS * No. 3 Paoe On Whom Does Man Depend? ........................................................... --.. . . . 1 Miss Eleanor Wilson ......................................... ..................................... 3 Church Contributions to Mission Enterprises, 19 5 ...................... ............ 4 The Fellowship of Those Who Care ...............,............................................ 6 Federal Council News--Christian Deputation to Japan ............................ 7 Bible Study ................................................................................................ 8 "Reconstructing a Shattered World" ....................................................... . 11 The Christian Year .................................................................................. 12 Christian Education .................................................................................. 13 15 ~:"m"a~!s tt~~o~tMissions- ···································· ··-·························· What Shall I Do With Lent? ......... ...................................... .. .... ........ ... 16 Rev. and Mrs. Abraham Poepoe ............................................................ 17 The Mainland in Retrospect ................................................................ 17 20 Quarterly Meeting of the Woman's Board ······-···································· The Least Known Continent ................................................................ 21 General Council News--Dr. Lucius C. Porter ............................................ 23 11ml'BDND No. 3 On Whom Does Man Depend? The Hawaiian Board Js the hec:utiw Board of Hawaiian Evaa.aelical Association. The a>mtimdoo of the Evangelical Association ia Ardde VII esaablishes mis ielationshi~ in the following words• ''This Association shall appoint an Executive Doud, to be denominate<I the Board of the Hawaiian Evangelical Association."' In that ume article the duties of the Hawaiian Board are demaed u "to take charge of the Home Missions on these Hawailaai lsJaods, including Christian education, publication and evaogelizatioo.'• Vol. O<VI HONOLULU, HAWAll, MARCH, 1946 Bllilor, J. u,lh ,,,,_,_, Ph.D. TrlllULdor-, Rw. SnlHOlt N""""' As1od41• &lhor, Plorn&• H. NMild1H s,,,;,,.u 06k•, Th6oJor• l•& Published each month by the Board of the Hawaiian Evangelical Association, SSO S. King St., Hoaolulu. Entered October 27, 1902, at the post ofice, Hoaolulu, Hawaii, as second dus matter, under Act of Congress of March 3, 1879. Subscription prim, Tes PBDND, 2Sc per year. Snatches of Conversation Overheard " Have you got a through ticket on the plane?" "You bet I have. Wouldn't travel any other way these days." "Well, when are you going to leave here?" "Don't know that, but I suppose when they call my name." "What about that new car you were going to buy, Joe?" " Oh! that will come through all right one of these days. The fellow down at the salesroom says my order is in, but that something is delaying the shipment of new machines. But he says for me not to worry because they will have things straightened out soon." "Say, did you see that Randall's had a run on their store yesterday when those Nylon stockings went on sale-women clawing each other and tearing their hair? Funny thing, isn't it, that just one store had stockings to sell ? You would think th ey would manage things differently." "I just got my business going along, when along came the steel strike and I couldn't get any raw material. Why don't they fix things so that labor and capital can both get what they want and let the rest of us get on with our work?" "If they don't do something we'll be in another war before long." So the talk goes. with an ever present th ey running through it all. I asked one man who they are, and after stammering around for a while he ended by saying, "You know who I mean." But I didn't, no more than he did. Yet they always appear. A most indefinite, unknown group of people who hover somewhere off beyond the place where men are, possessing all sorts of wisdom and power. One is struck as he hears this strange group ref erred to by men and women who give the appearance of being quite self-possessed and independent. Yet apparently their lives rest on the they. It almost sounds as though one were back in the days of fairy tales, for those childhood stories were often resolved by the introduction upon the scene of some etherial creature who, with a magic wave of its wand, rescued the heroine just in the nick of time. It must mean something that in our time there has grown among people a sense of dependence upon they. Certainly our Pilgrim forefathers , and those in our nation's history who first moved across the western plains, knew nothing of such a group. Those earlier Americans held their lives in their own hands and accepted full responsibility for them. What, then, shall we make of this change ? First, we need to see clearly that in our vvorld now a tlwy does exist. People who talk about they are actually talking sense. Our society is made up of a vast number of interesting groups, each one of which is theoretically independent in that it can decide its own affairs quite apart from consideration of other groups which are related to it. For example, if you wanted to send a cable from Honolulu to New York during the last week in January, you could not have done so. A strike by some workers connected with the telegraph industry made it impossible. Thus you would have said correctly that they prevented your cable from going! You would not have known they; you would not even have been able to picture what they were like, except that they were men and women. In that case they were a group which had exercised a control upon your life which was quite other than that of your choosing. And there was nothing you could do about the matter. Yet that is but a tiny example of what our world is like. Let your imagination run a bit and think of all the groups upon whom you depend for your daily existence. Start the moment you wake up and go on all through one day, checking and counting until you have seen how it is that you and the group to which you belong are tied into the lives and actions of other groups. And then, if you would carry this exercise to the point of absurdity, imagine that every single one of those groups stopped functioning and see what would be left for you to do all alone. There is a they; in fact there are lots of theys. All the while each one of us is at the mercy of countless numbers of other people, just as others are at our mercy. Such is our interdependent human order. Second. this condition carries with it a germ that may breed a sense of fatalism in the hearts of men. That is one disturbing thing in the conversation a person oYerhears. It is as though men were giving themselves up to the groups upon \Yhich they are dependent. Most certainly 2 this has not become universal as yet, but even the independent action one often sees pays tribute to man's dependence. When a man works his will through someone he knows in another group he is actually only a step away from fatalism. For if his efforts fail his only recourse is to say that they prevented him from succeeding! The vast inter-locking relationships which now constitute humanity tend to impress themselves more and more strongly upon men, until they acknowledge the extent to which they are caught by them. Then whatever happens in the lives of men, happens because someone else, some they, caused it. The individual has little or no responsibility left to him, scarcely any area of his life which he can control. Thus he readily comes to the place where he allows himself to go where the forces in society send him. Thus, these thoughts but serve to emphasize the importance of unselfishness in our time. We have talked about and believed in rugged individualism, and have seen how that has proved effective in the building up of our world. Vv e have tempered our individualism with some humanitarian consideration for others. But in essence we have thought that a rigorous self-interest was the best basis upon which to build a civilization. Now, the state of our world should raise questions about that idea. When humanity is so clearly tied together, it is obviously impossible for one group to act solely in terms of its own interest. Only one action, in light of all its results, is suited to our clay. And that is corporate unselfishness. But the problem is that of changing the hearts of men so that they will live in this way. * * * , \11 this leads to the crux of the matter. On whom do men depend? vVell, selfishness-that is, action clone through selfinterest-is but evidence that man depends upon himself. And in the same way, the fatalistic sense that man de- ORDINATION OF MISS ELEANOR WILSON Miss Eleanor Wilson, missionary for the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions, is at present in Hawaii on her way to Kusaie· to resume her work in the Caroline Islands. Miss Wilson will be ordained into the Christian ministry at Kawaiahao Church on February 24, 1946. The American Board expects to reopen work in Micronesia and the people of Hawaii will have a special interest in this field. Miss Wilson is · planning to visit our churches on the various islands as far as possible, to tell of plans for the new start at Micronesia. It was not possible to make a schedule for Miss Wilson before she arrived and there has not been sufficient time since she has come to complete a territory-wide program, but if our churches will consult the Hawaiian Board island secretaries, it is hoped plans can be worked out so that all may have a chance to hear the message Miss Wilson brings. In this way our people will be drawn into a closer relationship with this challenging missionary enterprise. There is also the hope that possibly some of our Hawaiian people will find it in their hearts to join the force of workers in Micronesia. * * * Cent-A-Meal Boxes are still available at the Hawaiian Board. This year, by vote of the Missionary Council, the proceeds from these boxes will be divided between Dindigul, India, and the re-opening of the work in Micronesia. Every person in any way connected with our churches should share in the Cent-A-Meal effort. ( Continued on Page 32) The Friend March, 1946 3 Church Contributions to Mission Enterprises, 1945 H awaiian Board The churches and church groups of the Hawaiian Evangelical Association contributed in 1~45, through the Hawaiian Board treasury, to missionary work and relief organizations a total of $31,338. Annual reports indicate that many churches sent other amounts direct to mainland treasuries and also gave to local benefits and relief, but since we do not know the totals so given, we can report only what came through the Hawaiian Board books. This report had to be confined to four columns of figures and cannot show details. Cent-A-Meal is included in the column Foreign and National Missions. Hawaiian Board Anahole, Huiia .......................................... . Ewa Union.................................................. Ewa Filipino.............................................. . 5. Haiku, Kalanikahuahou .......................... . " Pauwela.......................................... so. Christian....................................... . Hana, Wananalua ..................................... . 25. Hanalei, W aioli .......................................... Hanapepe, Christian.................................. 18. Hauula-Kahuku......................................... . 100. Hawi, Kohala Pilgrim............................. . Hilo, Central Christian ........................... . " Chinese Christian ........................... . Filipino............................................. . 100. 126. First Foreign.................................. . 265. Haili ........................................... ....... . 75. Holy Cross ...................................... . 12. Honokohau ................................................... 100. Honolulu, Bishop Memorial... ................ . " Central Union ........................ . 3,075. Community.............................. . Church of the Crossroads .... 345. Filipino United ...................... . 56. First Chinese .......................... . 150. Kalihi Union .......................... . 180. Kaumakapili ........................... . so. Kawaiahao............................... Makiki Christian.................... 150. Nuuanu Congregational... .... . 90. 99. Beretania Church of Christ.. Honomu Christian.................................... . 100. Hookena, Hauoli Kamanao ..................... Hoolehua ..................................................... . 83. Huelo ........................................................... . 45. Kahului Union ........................................... . 25. Kailua, Mokuaekaua ................................ . 53. " Mauna Ziona (Kekaha) ........... . Kaimalino, .Pukaana.................................. 45. Kalapana, Maunakea ................................ . Kaluapapa, Kanaana Hou ...................... . 200. Kamuela, Imiola........................................ . 100. Kaneohe ........................................................ 70. Kapaa 1st.................................................... . 100. 60. Kapoho, Puula ........................................... . Kaunakakai, Kalaikamanu ...................... . 33. 15. Kaupo ........................................................... . 30. Kealakekua, Lanakila ................................ 86. " Central Kona Union ......... . Keanae ......................................................... . Keauhou, Helani ........................................ . 25. " ~il;in~~~~~::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: 4 Foreign and National Missions 10. 118. 41. 5. 16. 17. 31. 66. 29. 35. 5. War Victims and Other Relief 69. 25. 6. 20. 43. 83. 60. 79. 100. 5. 15. 6,042. 3,695. 169. 324. 78. 247. 857. 120. 366. 201. 275. 144. 78. 48. 40. 53. 67. 45. 30. 43. 33. 35. 49. 108. 30. 54. 23. 10. 39. 17. 12. 73. 33. 18. 328. 35. 1,205. 32. 150. 252. 37. 86. 33. 15. 11. 26. 87. 25. 118. 5. T otal 10. 187. 66. 11. 5. 66. 17. 76. 109. 47. 100. 35. 88. 100. 186. 444. 75. 32. 100. 12,812. 169. 669. 462. 432. 2,242. 170. 398. 501. 617. 280. 264. 48. 40. 169. 112. 70. 98. 88. 44. 235. 149. 204. 30. 241. 83. 10. 72. 57. 42. 277. 33. 48. The Friend ~:~! ~ulu ··....................................... ·········· ···· Kohala, Bethany ..................................... . " Union ......................................... . Koloa Union ............................................ Lahaina, vVainee ..................................... . Lanai Union .. .................................. . Laupahoehoe ............................................ Lihue 1st ................................................. . " Union ........................................... . Christian ....................................... . Makena, Honuaula ................................... . Nanakuli ..................................................... Napoopoo, Kahikolu .................................. Olaa Christian ........................................... . " Y gloria Memorial... ....................... . " Hawaiian .......................................... . Pahala, Kapaliuka ..................................... Paia Hawaiian ............................................ Congregational. ............................... . Filipino.............................................. . Makawao Union .............................. . Papaikou, Holy Trinity .......................... . '' Pilgrim ..................................... Pukoo, Kaluaaha ........................................ Puu~ene il~~regational ......................... . 11p1no....................................... . Hawaiian .................................... Wahiawa ...................................................... W aialua, Liliuokalani ............................... " Filipino....................................... Molokai ..................................... . W aianae Hawaiian ................................... . Waihee .......................................................... Waikane ...................................................... . YV.aikapu ...................................................... . 'vVailuku, Kaahumanu .............................. . " Iao Congregational.. .............. . Union......................................... . W aimea Foreign ....................................... . First ............................................ . " Christian ..................................... . Waiohinu, Kauahaao ................................ . 18. so. 25. 128. 18. 200. 50. 12. 200. 44. 70. 10. 40. 91. 20. 300. 10. 40. 10. 25. 150. 63. 19. 25. 47. 36. 95. 60. Wai Rahu, ~~:1::::i~ity.·.·.·.·.·.·.·.·.·.·.·.·.·.·.·.·.·.·.·.·.·.·.~·.·.·.·.·.·.·. Manoa Valley Church ............................. . Wailuku Churches Union Service........ 136. Kohala Churches Union Service ......... . W aim ea Churches Union Service......... . Waterhouse Chapel ................................ Hawi Sunday School ............................. . Pearl City Sunday School... ................... H onolulu Bible Training School... ....... Lima Kokua Society............................... . Hawaii Y. P. Conference Kauai Youth Rally ................................. . \ Vainee W oman's Guild W oman's Board, Lihue ....................... ··· \i\Toman's Board, Maui Branch ............. . \ Voman's Board, Hilo...................... :...... . $ 8,133. F rom Individuals ..................................... . T otal fo r Missionary and Relief Purposes other than H awaiian Board ....................... . March, 1946 Foreign and National Missions \'iVar Victims and Other Relief 61. 2. 53. 45. 10. 12. 396. 414. 84. 141. 32. 14. 60. 92. 7. 54. 16. 44. 11. 13. 44. 38. 24. 8. 38. 70. 30. 7. 56. 288. 10. 42. .51 61. 13. 105. 207. 27. 27. 10. 87. 47. 33. 104. 156. 32. 75. 65. 325. 125. 15. 26. 171. 1,050. 15. 10. 138. 6. 27. 20. 10. so. 65. 19. 25. 31. 50. 194. 38. 120. 75. 19. 16. 201. 65. 40. 25. 38. 101. $ 12,965. 135. $10,240. 303. $ 13, 100. $10,543. Total 10. 30. 507. 416. 162. 314. 32. 18. 40. 431. 1,192. 7. 54. 28. 200. 88. 81. 38. 94. 267. 20. 300. 34. 14. 38. 97. 90. 27. 81. 438. 60. 42. 179. 99. 13. so. 152. 238. 63. 27. 10. 87. 192. 287. 142. 156. 256. 75. 19. 32. 75. 81. 526. 125. 15. 65. 40. 25. 38. 101. $ 31,338. 438. 5 Federal Council News Christian Deputation to Japan \iVALl'ER The Fellowship of Those Who Care The Fellowship of Those Who Care is a fellowship of concern in prayer. A great deal more is being said these days about prayer than for many years. I see many new books 011 prayer, many calls to prayer, many new ~1anuals_ of de~otion, many editorials about prayer, many stories of service men m especially d1~cult places engaging in earnest prayer. What is needed by and _large, however, 1s :he more widespread and serious practice of prayer. Prayer 1s the breath of vital religion. Every reader of these lines is invited to become a member of The Fellow_ship of Those Who Care. Begin to pray. Begin to pray for others. Form the habit of daily prayer. Don't let a single day pass without taking some time to be quiet before God, asking him to teach you how to pray. -FRED FIELD GOODSELL. 6 The Friend W. November ~1, 1045. The Protestant church deputation v·nich went to Japan four weeks ago for the P:irpose of renewing spiritual fellowship with the Christians · of that country has just returned to the United States. The trip was made entirely by air and the elapsed time each way was 38 flying hours. The deputation included Dr. Douglas Horton of New Yark, Chairman of the American Committee of the World Council of Churches; Bishop James C. Baker of Los Angeles, Chairman of the International Missionary Council ; Dr. Luman J. Shafer of New Yark, Chairman of the Japan Committee of the Foreign Missions Conference of North America; and Dr. Walter W. Van Kirk of New York, Secretary of the Department of International Justice and Goodwill of the Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in America. The American churchmen were uncertain in their own minds as to how they would be received by their Christian brethren in Japan. Months of bombing by the Allied forces had resulted in the death of hundreds of thousands of men, women and children, the laying waste of great industrial centers, the destruction of churches and the scattering of congregations. It would have been only human had the Christians of Japan been something less than cordial in their attitude toward the Christians of the nation primarily responsible for the defeat of their country. Such was not the case. Quite the contrary. The reception accorded the deputation was a deeply moving experience. There were expressions of gratitude and thanksgiving that the American churches had sent their representatives to Japan so quickly following the war. The visitation was described by Japanese Christians as a welcome adventure in ecumenical fellowship. Destruction of church property in Japan reached frightful dimensions. In Tokyo 154 churches were destroyed, leaving only nine churches intact. In Osaka 46 churches are in ruins, in Hyogo, 45 ; in Kanagawa, 26. Of 2000 churches in Japan 455 are wholly or partially destroyed. Few pastors were killed in air raids but of 2000 pastors and teachers some 350 lost their homes. Despite this destruction the deputation is unanimous in its conclusion that the Christian community in Japan has survived the March, 1946 VA , KrnK war and its accompanying persecution in a manner that augers well for the future. Conferences were held with church leaders in Tokyo, Nagoya and Kyoto. In the latter city, Christian teachers and pastors from ·Osaka and Kobe participated in the discussions with the American churchmen. In all of these centers, and elsewhere, Japanese Christians evidenced an impatient eagerness to rebuild their schools and churches, re-assemble their congregations, and press forward in their efforts to evangelize J a pan. There were, _to be sure, defections here and there. In isolated instances the curriculum of Christian schools was modified to meet the insistent demands of the Japanese military. The charter of certain of these schools was revised or modified in such a way as to minimize the emphasis upon Christian principles. In such schools, particularly those for boys, there was a discontinuance of chapel and bible study. The ceremonial bowing to the Emperor was practiced in some of the churches, as was the reciting of formal prayers for military victory. In evaluating these defections it must be remembered that Christians in Japan number not more than 400,000 Protestant and Roman Catholic in a total population of nearly 80,000,000. These Christians were harassed by the military police and hounded by the "thought" police. They were spied upon, gossiped about and ridiculed by a war indoctrinated public. That the Christian community in that country is today not only intact, but vigorously alive, is a tribute to the loyalty and steadfastness with which, in the main, it adhered to its convictions. Now that the war is over and the military influence is being liquidated the opinion is widespread that Christianity in Japan is confronted with an unprecedented opportunity to demonstrate its superiority over Buddhism and Shintoism. The deputation is recommending that a small initial group of missionaries be sent to Japan as quickly as possible. Long range missionary relationships with the Christian community in that country are yet to be determined. The visiting churchmen were received in audience by the Emperor. To each member of the deputation the Emperor directed inquiries re( Continued on Page 31) 7 Bible Study The Book of Exodus Part I: God and History Chapters 1-18 * REVELATION Chapter 3 At our last "meeting" we arrived at a most important chapter ( 3) in our study of Exodus. We noted that it is in this chapter where the threads of !srael' past meet, and where her future history is anticipated. And this, because God has revealed himself to Moses-because God has spoken ! Having already dealt with Israel's past and leaving to futur: stu~y the various themes of her unfolding history herein anticipated, we focussed our attention upon the nature of Revelation. Knowing that we could never unveil the essence of what took place between God and Moses we nevertheless were able to arrive ;t certain facts about Revelation, certain aspects ( or facets) which can always be noted whenever God confronts a man. First we noted that God reveals himself in an historical event-there is always a time and a place. And secondly, we observed that God always meets man as Another Person. Events are of themselves meaningless, because they are speechless. One event may n~ean a dozen different things to a dozen different people, according to "who" speaks through them. Now Revelation means that the Eternal God speaks to man through the concrete historical events of his life. And He speaks as a Person who calls yet listens who challenges yet is patient, who war~s yet retracts, who punishes yet for8 gives. With this review in mind, let us continue to examine the facets of Revelation as they show themselves in the unfolding of chapter three of Exodus. 6. The Disclosure: Continuous When the Voice from out of the burning bush addressed Moses, h e was " awestruck." And when he became aware that he stood in the presence of the Eternal, he took off his shoes for this was "ho~y ground." But he did not become afraid and hide his face until he heard the words : "Moreover ... I am the God of thy father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob" -for now all history converged upon him, and his own life suddenly opened back into the far recesses of history. That this Voice which spoke to him was the same V o_ice ~hat ~ad spoken to his fathers drew him mto lme with those of old whose destinies had been shaped by the Eternal God. It i~ no w?nder Moses feared. Already his destmy was decided. The Staff of Abraham had been passed on to him. That _he had ~ecome the next in a long contmuous lme of divinely chosen men to whom God had disclosed himself and his purpose, was cer. h " awe- f u l" cor1 tainly a fact fraught wit sequences. And "he was afraid to look upon God." This is an important fact about RevelaThe Ft>iend tion : God's disclosure is continuous. The Revelation of God is a private experience, that is, God speaks to one man and to one man alone. But Revelation is not an isolated experience : God speaks to many men, one man at a time. The God of our fathers is also our God, and our God is also the God of our fathers. There is a continuity in God's disclosure of himself which stretches from the back side of history to the present. This continuity forms the Church. The Bible is not the record of many gods who disclosed themselves to many men in about the same manner, wherein the experience itself is the connecting link between like-minded men. No, the Bible is the recorded witness of one and the same God who disclosed himself in continuity to a community of men, through their varied and diversified experiences. God's continuous disclosure is the connecting link between God's children. The God of the past is the God of the living present. The God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob is also the God of Moses. The disclosure of God is continuous. is side-stepped today by the man \,·ho departs from the Church as the same man who entered it. To change a man, to overcome a man, to recall a man, to send a man: this is the purpose of God's speaking. To change his need into hope, to overcome his weakness with strength, to recall him from the far country and reestablish him in his Father's house, to reunite his scattered will and send him on a mission : this is the reason God shows himself to man. The need of a man gives reason for his ears to hear, and purpose for God's speaking. For the purpose of God is the deliverance of man. 10-12. The Call: Compulsive When God addressed Moses he called him. And th i s ca 11 was compulsive: "Come now therefore, and I will send thee." There is no escape for Moses from this call, nor any freedom from its claim upon him. Yes, Moses could deny it, but in denying it he would affirm the reality of its claim. He could hide his fact, but this hiding would be an admission that the 7-9. The Reason: Purposive "come now therefore" of God had encirWhen God addressed Moses from out cled him. of the burning bush, His reason for so From God's claim Moses could have no doing was not casual, but purposive. And freedom. Indifference, undisturbedness, this was God's purpose: "I have come unconcernedness-these are the signs of down to deliver ( the children of Israel) a man's freedom from claims made upon out of the hand of the Egyptians." him. But this attitude was impossible for Moses, the man, has now become the Moses, now that God had spoken and he divine instrument of this purpose. Moses, had heard. Once God has called, the call the child of a subjected people who be- cannot be re-called. Can a song be uncame the son of a privileged people ; sung? (Judas was a Disciple !) Moses, a fugitive from Egyptian justice But in accepting God's claim Moses bewho became a free man in the land of comes free. ( Here our language fails us, Midian; this Moses must leave his newly and we are beset with obstacles.) Moses, won freedom and return to the land of the the divine-slave, is of all men free. Moses . to b ecome a " s1ave " oppresse d . O ne man 1s in accepting the claim of God is free from to a divine purpose, that other men might all human claims. Moses in being true to be free from the oppression of men. For God is in the deepest sense true to himsaith God: "behold, the cry of the children self. Divine intrusion becomes human integrity. Moses' acceptance of God's call of Israel is come unto me." This is an important aspect of Revela- ·as a compulsive necessity is his only path tion : the reason for God's speaking to a to inner freedom. This fact, that Revelation makes a comman is purposive. But how often this fact March, 1946 9 pulsive claim from which there is no escape, meets head-on a sacred belief of modern man : the belief in the freedom of the will. "If man has no freedom in relation to God," say the advocates of this belief, "then man is not a person, but a thing; he is not free but a slave; and God manipulates him as though he were a puppet in the hands of his creator." Frankly there is no adequate answer to this involved ( and perhaps theoretical) problem. That a man is most truly a person (free) when he is most truly a divine instrument (slave) ; is a truth. which in the final analysis cannot be known through explanation. but must be "felt" through experience. That there is a compulsive character to Revelation which holds its recipient in divine subjection is the testimony of the Bible. The call of Goel is compulsive. 13-15. The Fact: Unprovable After Moses had raised questions about his own fitness ( see also chapter four), he turned his attention to the "others." "What shall I say unto them?", he asked. And Goel said, "Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you." . Moses does not need any proof for himself that what had happened had happened. The Meeting between God and Man carries within itself its own authority and proof. A god-name did not become important to J\if oses until he had to tell others of what had happened, and of the mission that was placed upon him. But what shall he say-what can he say? The fact of Revelation is unprovable. Moses can go to the Israelites and to Pharaoh and say that I A M has sent him. He can sav the God of Abraham. Isaac, and Jacob -has demanded him to do this thing ; but there is no proof that this is so. And, as we shall later see, Moses had considerable difficulty in per s u ad i n g "others" that he was God's instrument of deliverance. In the end it was those who believed Moses' witness, who trusted his integrity, and those who took his testimony on faith that followed him. 10 The name of God as I-AM-THAT-IAM has occasioned the setting of type for many a book. Yet like most Bible references this passage before us never has been, and indeed never shall be, exhausted. \i\That we have to say about it (like all of our study) ·will be simply a brief, and I am a fr a i cl inadequate, reflection upon Moses' experience. In the context of our present study, to say that God's name is I-AM-THAT-IAM is, in one sense at least, to say that God has no name at all. In the sense that names are taken to describe things that "exist" in this world, God has no name, because Goel does not exist. He is eternal. To name God the I-AM-THAT-I-AM . tells more about what He is not, than it tells about what He is. To Moses, God was not the burning bush ; He was not anything in this world that he had known before. How could he describe him? To Moses. Goel simply "IS." Perhaps the author of the book of Revelation describes in more understandable terms what Moses meant by naming God I-A::\I-THAT-IAM. when he writes: "I am the Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending . . . which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty (Rev. 1 :8). But hmY can one prove this to be so? Only facts that can be handled can be proved. but who can handle God? Only fact s than can be examined can be proved. hut who can examine Him who examines us ? Only matters of insignificance yield to proof-tests. The more significant things ;1re. the more difficult they become to explain. P aul rightly called God the " Unknm,n1 God." In truth. no one has ever argued anyone into belief in Goel by the use of proofs, no matter hov-,· elaborate their proofs may be. The fact of God is in the Meeting between Goel and a man. To the man in the midst of this Meeting no proof is necessary. To the man on the outside no proof is possible. The fact of Revelation is unprovable. (Continued on Page 29) The Frifnd "Reconstructing a Shattered W orld 1 ' Scottish Moderator on the Church's Share * In his address to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, the new Moderator, the Rt. Rev. Andrew J. Campbell, D.D., Ministei: at Evie, said: ''We have come once more to an epoch of overturning and rebuilding. I say 'once more,' because the Church has a tenacious memory and can call to mind how, since she was first sent out upon her mission, she has more than once or twice seen the world around her fall miserably to pieces. In the work of reconstructing a shattered world the Church of Christ, and this branch of His Church, has a part to play-not in the sense of being one more among the institutions which confer and collide, but in the sense that our first charge is to proclaim anew in the language of our own time 'the truth by which the nations live.' "The Church identifies itself with no form of secular government, no type of social structure, no system of economic organization. These are matters of great importance, sufficient to have kept men's minds and tongues busy since the dawn of history; and churchmen have the right and the duty as individuals to study them, to form personal opinions regarding them, and to advocate those opinions. But that is quite secondary to the fundamental truth to which every type of social organization can, if it choose, bear witness -that there is no true life unless it be founded on the Law of God and seek to carry it out; and that law is set forth March, 1946 plainly in Scripture, and especially in the Gospel of Jesus Christ. It is for the Church to proclaim to all men this fundamental truth. It is for her to produce the men who, having received the truth into their hearts, make it the groundwork of their actions and seek to bring it to bear on all their political and social activities. It is for her to create the public opinion which will be the atmosphere in which men work. I would urge the Church, the people of the Church, and especially the ministers of the Church, that, with all their rightful interest in the great things which we discuss and plan, they forget not the greatest thing'that repentance and remission of sins should be proclaimed among all nations.' Repentance and remission of sins to all the nations. Have we grown accustomed to think of these words as concerned only with individual piety? Ponder them well in the light of what is said about them in Scripture, and you will see that they have a bearing, not only upon the individual, but also upon the great political, social, and international matters which fill our newspapers to-day. "I close with three thoughts, all springing from what I have sought to say. For one thing, the Church must in these days discover afresh her unity. That unity is a spiritual fact, not waiting to be created, but already existent. We must cherish it and cultivate it, even when we find our( Continued on Page 26) 11 Christian Education The Christian Year Pre-Lent (Continued) Planning Worship Services March 3-The Sunday called Quinquagcsi1lla. Luke 18 :31-43. The Way to Jerusalem. I Cor. 12 :1-13. Hymn to Love. * Lent The season of Lent begins with Ash Wednesday and ends t~e _evening before Easter. In some of our churches, services are held at both begmmng and end of this season• one on Ash Wednesday and the other in the evening of the Saturday before East~r. The Lenten season is set apart as a period of preparation ~or Easter. During that time preparation is made as the Christian _directs his attent10n on the one hand to the fact of Christ's death, the reasons why 1t happened, and the results that flow from it and on the other hand to the condition of his own life, his need of forgiveness, a~d the works God requires of him. Back in 1662 a_ direction was given to the churches that a certain prayer be repeated every day dunng the Lenten season, for that prayer was the expression that n~ust come from the hearts of men as they sincerely carry out the life of Lent. Here 1s th~t prayer: Alniighty and Everlasting God, who hatest nothin? that Thou hast 1nade, and dost forgive the sins of all those who are _penitant; ~reate an1 make in us new and contrite hearts, that we, worthily la11ienting our sins a.nd acknowledging our wretchedness, 1nay obtain of Thee, _the God of all mercy, perfect remission and forgi'veness; through I esus Christ Our Lord. Amen. March 6-Ash Wednesday. Joel 2: 12-18. Rend you rhearts. Matt. 6 :16-21. When ye fast. M arclz 8--The World-Day of Prayer. This day is under the leadership of the National Committee of Church women. Special programs are available for services that may be l~eld in our communities. March 10-The First Sunday in Lent. Matt. 4 :1-11. The Temptation in the \i\Tilderness. II Cor. 6: 1-10. The Discipline of grace. March 17-The Second Sunday in Lent. Matt. 17-1-19. The Transfiguration. · I Thess. 4 :1-12. Call to holiness. March 24-The Third Sunday in Lent. Luke 11 :14-28. Ephesians 5 :1-14. Followers of God. March 31-The Fourth Sunday in Lent. This Sunday is often known as Mid-Lent. It breaks the solemnity of the Lenten season, for traditionally it is a day of gratitude that man's sins are forgiven. John 6 :1-15. Feeding the five thousand. Galatians 4 :21-31. Justification by faith. 12 The Friend People, old and young, are searching for a directive" for their lives. In the midst of a world which grasps madly at every social and economi guarantee of security, people seek the personal pow·e r to build strong, adequate lives. At such a time the Christian Church alone has the final answer to this need for personal ability to cope with a frightening world. That answer is, to teach people to worship God and thereby receive the power to live positively and strongly. Adults today are bewildered and not a little tired. Young people feel a compulsion to "do something" constructive, but they don't know quite what to do or how to do it. Children still want to know that they are living in a friendly world. Clearly, in the privilege of teaching people to worship, the Church has a rare opportunity to lead people into the inner world of lifegiving peace which comes from right relationship with God. Men and women, boys and girls, must find how the deep places of their hearts can be cleansed and purified from fears and anxieties, hatreds and cruelties, prejudices and warped emotions, frustrations and self-obsessions. Worship is this way which we all need so desperately to find. To the art of worship the Sunday School can make a definite contribution. As we think about the part which the Sunday School can play in this important task, we may note that thus far the usual so-called worship in Sunday Schools has fallen short of the mark. We have tended March, 1946 to make of our worship one of two things: (a) a haphazard opening exercise to fill in time until all arrive, or, (b) a professionalized thing in which the leader of worship performs the act for the rest of the people. In either case, people have not learned to worship ; they have not really taken part; they have been spectators. There was nothing about the conglomerate singing-announcements routine of (a) which led to God's presence. There was nothing about (b) which actually guided people individually into communion with God. V\T e have forgotten what we must remember again: the heart of Christianity, and Christian living, is a personal relationship with Goel. No one can achieve this relationship for another person, although he may help in the process. Worship is something which each individual must do for himself. Yet people must learn how to worship, even as they learn to read and write. They must learn how to worship alone and how to worship as a member of a worshipping group. Properly learned and practiced, worship results in making it possible for the individual to achieve a worshipful attitude toward every aspect of daily living-and by "worshipful attitude" we mean the ability and willingness to let personal life be constantly reconstructed so that we do not remain the same weak individual but become a strong and responsible person. Worshipful living requires the ability to recognize God's guiding hand in all events of life, not just while 13 we are s1tt111g in a Sunday School class or a church service. What can the Sunday School, through a twenty or thirty minute worship period once a week, do both to teach people how to worship and to lead them in actual worship experiences? Well, the S u n day S c h o o 1 can make this tin'le a sort of "coaching process" so that members of its congregation may know how to worship both alone and in a group. During this period, young and old alike can learn that worship is this process of letting-Godspeak to us, and not merely going through certain motions such as bowing the head or listening to a talk. We can interpret worship as an opening of the gates of our innermost need to God's healing and inspiring presence. And we can give the members of the Sunday School congregation some resources and techniques ( if we may use the word) for so opening the gates of the spirit. These resources and techniques include such things as the art of praying, the value and use of periods of silence, worshipful reading of the Bible, the uplifting pO\ver of hymn-singing, the importance of guided meditations, and so on. But, we will not give our Sunday School pupils these resources by talking about them. We will use these resources in carefully planned periods of worship, presenting them in such a way that each person may be led to want to worship. That is, we will do the human share of leading people in a worshipful experience. Then, at other times, we will show our pupils how they may use these same resources in their own personal worship when alone. To tell p e op 1e that they should pray will have meaning if they have prayed, silently or aloud or through following a leader's prayer, in a group service. To tell people that they should take time for meditation, or thinking, will not . seem impossible if they have taken time in a group service for meditation on the wonders of Cod's care. To read the Bible in order to find Goel' s message to us will have meaning if Jesus' commandments 14 have been the theme of worship services. The continuing use of these resources in personal worship will bring that sense of God's guiding presence in all of life's activities and decisions. Thus we may teach our Sunday School pupils to worship. The worship of Goel must have some pattern, or order. It cannot be accomplished through simply throwing together a few of the so-called "elements" of worship, such as prayer and scripture. The presence of such activities does not guarantee worship. That is why the traditional opening exercises fail to be worship. There must be a purposeful order of events. Basically, there are three "movements" in worship, just as there are movements in a symphony. In one way or another, these should be present in a worship service. They are: 1. God: Worship is a person's response to God. Thus worship should begin with some picture of Goel at work, of God as He reveals Himself to us. The worship service which begins thus ( through a passage of scripture, the reading of a passage praising the glory and love of God, a hymn, etc.) may genuinely lead us into God's presence because we are made aware of His presence. Too often we overlook the necessity for confronting the worshipping group with Goel; we try to induce what we think is the right mood instead of bringing out some picture of Goel which will speak to each person individually. This first movement of worship may be expressed, for example, in some of these ways: (a)-Awareness of Need for God: "Blessed are they that hunger and thirst ... for they shall be filled." (b )-Recalling the fellowship to which we belong: "We gather together as a group of people who seek to know God .. , ( c )-Recalling our kinship with worshippers of past and future-: "O Lord, Thou hast been our dv,,·elling place in all generations." ( cl )-God's most person al re1Hlation of ( Continued on Page 27) The Friend Hymn of the Month Fairest Lord Jesus * It is disconcerting to find that the things we have known and accepted for years prove to be false. yet it is an experience we often have. No doubt the majority of Christians who love and know the hymns of the church have accepted this hymn with its traditional name, "Crusader's Hymn ." The understanding ·was that is was sung by those courageous and devoted-though a trifle misguided-saints of old as they marched to the Holy City. In this case, the beauty and effectiveness of the hymn is not harmed as we meet the fact that the crusaders never sang it, since it was written in 1677. Richard Willis. who introduced the hymn into America in 1850, writes, "It was found in Westphalia (Prussia) and, according to the traditional text found with it. this hymn was sung by the German Pilgrims on their way to Jerusalem." This, no doubt, explains its erroneous name todav. There is more backgrom;cl material available concerning the tune than there is for the hymn. It comes from one of the folk songs of Silesia, Central Europe, recorded first by a Dr. Hoffman in a book of Silesian Folk Songs. He writes, "In the summer of 1836 I visited a friend in the countryside of Silesia. TO\vard evening I heard the hay wardens sing, and made inquiries. They sang folk songs which to me seemed worthy of collection ... How far back this melody goes cannot be determined. It is sung by all classes an~ all ages, from the shepherd on the hillside to the lisping urchin in the nursery.'' March, 1946 The tune has been used in several forms in English hymnody, but perhaps the most interesting use is its appearance in "The Legend of St. Elizabeth," written by the famous pianist-composer, Franz Liszt. He used the melody, "derived from an old Pilgrim's Song" as the basis for the Crusader's March in this oratorio. Since the purpose of the Hymn-of-theMonth is to enhance the congregation's participation, appreciation, and enjoy ment in our hymn singing, it might be wise to follow Augustine Smith's suggestion in some worship service where the hymn is used. "As an ·introduction to the singing of this first stanza, the minister may read John 1 :1-4. Introducing the second stanza, Emerson's poem, "Music," should be read : It is not only in the rose, It is not only in the bird, Not only where the rainbow glows, Nor in the song of wome.n heard, But in the darkest, meanest things Ther~ always, always something sings. Then before the third stanza, the "Midnight Hymn" of the Psalmist (Psa. 8: 3-5) may profitably be read." Of similar value would be the inclusion of several appropriate scripture references in connection with the theme; Psalm 27 :4, Song of Sol. 5: 16, and Isaiah 60: 2, 3. A study and appreciation of that scriptural background as well as rich poetic expression of the hymn itself gives added meaning to one authority's characterization of "Fairest Lord Jesus." It is the "l\Iarching Song of the Out-of-Doors." 15 0 Jesus, thou wast tempted to meanness, greed and shame, In all points like as I am, in every way the same. With God's great words of promise thy memory was stored, And mean things lost their favor beside God's holy word. Woman's Board of Missions For the Pacific Islands 0 Jesus, thou wast tempted to live for self alone, To be great, rich and powerful, to get, to keep, to own. Thou didst not bow to Mammon, but chose to worship God. 0 give me strength to follow, to ,valk where thou hast trod! Amen" EsTHER SCHULZ, Paia. ( MRS. THEODORE SCHULZ) What Shall I Do With Lent? * As the Lenten season approaches, my thoughts are again and again drawn to the temptation of Jesus-that agonizing, forty-day experience in the desert through which he struggled to a high victory, and which led him ultimately to Calvary, These forty days of conflict ( which are behind the symbolism of Lent) occurred at the beginning of his public ministry. In the beginning, Jesus had doubts. He had for his people, but He knew his message would be too difficult for the a messaae 0 mass of them. They wanted an earthly kingdom ; He had something far better to offer them. Did He have the strength and courage not to yield? Out there in the desert, alone, he struggled with the problem confronting him. He fasted forty days and nights, and was famished as a result of the fasting, but He refused to accept the ease a miracle-performing life could bring him by resisting the temptation to turn stones into bread ; He thwarted the temptation of a life of popularity that could be His by doing spectacular deeds ; He turned his back forever upon the power of wealth that could be his by merely bowing to its influence. He could have the world at His feet if He listened to the clamor of the people, if He would establish an earthly kingdom. Jesus came out of his desert experience victorious. His decision was made. He returned to his disciples with a faith that had risen above the temptation of a life of splendor and ease; He chose a life of no compromise with evil or with the world. His entire ministry gives evidence of His complete and successful resistance to those temptations He faced in the beginning. I like to think of that desert experience as the first Lent-a time when Jesus Himself went apart to examine His motives, to deepen his own spiritual life. What shall I do with Lent? First, I shall make an earnest study of Jesus' ministry, and meditate seriously upon his life. Secondly, I shall examine myself in the light of that study and meditation in an endeavor to deepen my spiritual growth. Lent is my time of personal inventory; it is my opportunity to learn just where I stand before God, to renew my spiritual strength, to attain a new vision of the Way of Love-'--my opportunity to imitate Christ more faithfully. If I thus use Lent, surely at the close of the season I cannot sink to the same low spiritual level on which I stood before Lent began. I shall have taken my stand on higher ground; my endeavor will have brought me more nearly in accord with the will of God. Suggested Scripture study for Lent: The temptations-Matthew 4 :1-11 The Sermon on the Mount-Matthew 5, 6, 7 The Passion Week-John 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21. Hymns to memorize: When I Survey the Wondrous Cross 0 Jesus, I Have Promised Draw Thou My Soul, 0 Christ Take My Life and Let it Be Consecrated. Rev. and Mrs. Abraham Poepoe Reverend and Mrs .Abraham Poepoe were the guests of honor at a tea given by Mrs. Frank Midkiff at her beautiful home, Luakaha, January 11th. Mr. and Mrs. Poepoe have come from Hawaii to have charge of the work in the Koolau area under the auspices of the Hawaiian Board and the Woman's Board of Missions. Their family consists of six children, the oldest son serving in the army, Ramona a senior at the Honokaa High School, Ranney a student at the Kamehameha School for Boys, and three younger children living at home. The Poepoes are at present living in Mr. Theodore Richards' house at Kokokahi. -LAURA A. MORGAN. The Mainland in Retrospect My Prayer "O Jesus, thou wast tempted, alone in deserts wild; No human friend was near thee, the evil tempter smiled. 0 Jesus, thou didst conquer by God's own power in thee, Help me, 0 Christ, to conquer; give me the victory ! 16 One of the most inspiring and valuable experiences of our entire trip was the meeting of various small groups of earnest Christian women all over this great country of ours and the realiThe Friend March, 1946 zation that they are a part of us-and that we out here in Hawaii are a part of them. We are all working together for a more Christ-like community. I have previously written of the 17 stimulating experience of attending the Biennial Council meetings at Grand Rapids in June of 1945, there meeting leaders of our Congregational Christian Churches from all over the States. Soon it will be the privilege of others of our women of Hawaii to have that inspiring contact, for in June of this year another such con£ erence will be held. As I met with the women of Colorado, Vermont, Massachusetts and other places, I was reminded again and again that here was a group of devoted women-not finished products, not perfect saints-but women who have a conviction that the Christian Church, with all its faults, is an influence for good in the community; that to be affiliated with it, striving to be a follower of Christ and a good neighbor is effective. In<leed many feel it is the only hope in this troubled world. It was encouraging to realize that these little groups were not just working alone at a hopelessly impossible task but that all over the world were groups with like convictions and faith and that all together we are instruments of God and that the results of our labors depend upon our ability to live for God and above our own selves. The rest can be left to Him. Another impression was not as encouraging. Everywhere was tension. Folks were overtired from long hours and years of war work. They were frustrated because their desires and ambitions could not be realized. Homes were broken, at least temporarily, and anxiety was felt for loved ones in dangerous situations. Few made the effort to be polite or courteous, it seemed. This was true of clerks, bus drivers and pedestrians. It made little difference what their racial background or their complexion might be. It was more noticeable, however, if the offender happened to be of a different color or class from those offended and one heard of the insolence or "nerve" of the Negro or Jew. It did seem true that some individuals of minority groups tried to take advantage of this opportunity to give vent to pent-up emotionsto "get even" perhaps. Sometimes it was so ridiculous that one was tempted to laugh. One of the unfortunate phases of this majority-minority relationship was the many rumors one heard. There were the "Eleanor Clubs" supposed to have been instituted by Mrs. Roosevelt in order "to get all of the Negro women out of the white people's kitchens by Christmas;" and the "push-days" when Negroes were supposed to push and shove the "white folks" about and make life generally unpleasant for them. We tried our best to run these rumors down but, like most of the rumors about Hawaii during the early days of the war, they were wholly unfounded. Then there were the stories about the Jewish officers in the service being forced, 18 at the point of a gun, to take the lead on the battlefield, only to be shot in the back by their own troops. It is amazing how many educated people repeated these stories without taking the trouble to ascertain whether they were fact or fancy, thus spreading and intensifying racial animosities. The third impression was the great stride which the Negro group in our land has made in the educational field. We were impressed with the fine caliber of well-educated leaders whom we met in many fields of endeavor all over the country. While we were in New Orleans a conference of Negro high school principals was being held at Dillard University. A large number of those present hold M.A. or Ph.D. degrees and their problems and their thinking could be matched in any similar educational circle in our nation. It was a real privilege to have had such an opportunity. It enlarged our hope for the future of this neglected group in our midst, -yes, for the country as a whole, since the ninetenths cannot assure a fine democracy so long as the one tenth lives as it has been forced to do during these past decades. Again we were impressed by the very fine adjustment that so many of our young Americans of Japanese ancestry were making. We learned that employers who had never come in contact with this group before were so favorably impressed by their good qualities that a gratifying number of them were eager for the services of these young Americans. They wer·e being assimilated into the larger group and were taking their rightful places as good citizens. Many were east of the Rockies for the first time, separated from other members of their families, especially their parents, meeting new problems and temptations, yet making fine adjustments. As we travelled back and forth and up and down we were made aware of the immensity of our country. Off the beaten track we found that many of our people were not conscious of the great problems of the various groups living and working together in close proximity. However, for the most part, they were eager to learn and interested in the discussion of these critical social issues. Some groups, on the other hand, were working at the problem by having members of other races and faiths meet with them for discussions and questionings-a "know-your-neighbor" policy. Groups like the Lisle Fellowship which is made up of young people of various racial and economic backgrounds, live and work together for a period of six weeks. They go out into the surrounding communities after having made previous arrangements, generally through the local churches. A group of five or six young people form a unit, present themselves usually on a Thursday, and the local set-up tells The Friend them what service they wish to render. It son:ietimes happens that they are asked t~ help fii:ish a club-room or to conduct a social evemng, teach a Sunday School class, or lead a young people's group. Monday morning _they ret:1rn to camp where they have an evaluation-meetmg. Here they decide whether they have handled the situation as well as could be expected under the circumstances, what was wrong with the whole experience, or what the response of the local group was. These occasions afford excellent opportunities for the growth of the ind~viduals participating. Also they give ~he people m these communities an opportunity to see how n:embers of various ethnic groups are able to_ live and work together in Christian fellowship. Often there will be a Negro, a Chi11es~, or a Japanese, and a national from some South American country, along with one or two white Americans. Probably the greatest value of all comes to the members of the Lisle Fellowship themselves w_ho often, for the first time, have the chance f?r 111timate fellowship with persons ·who have dive~se racial or cultural backgrounds. Many enduring friendships are made during these weeks together. Those who read our daily papers and the current issues of our magazines, or who listen to the reports of men who know these p~o~lem~ at first hand, must realize that we a~e l_ivmg 11~ a o-rave and momentous time. It is impressive ~vhen a columnist like Drew Pearson makes statements such as "Only diplomacy of the most revolutionary kind, based upon the Sermon on the Mount can counteract the revolutionary weapon of the atom bomb. Many of_ u~ have forgotten that Christ was a revolu_t10~1ist. Sometimes the world has forgotten this Just as woefully and completely as it has forgotten the principles which he taught." I returned to Hawaii Nei feeling that we ~re privileged people to be living in such cruci~l times and in such a strategic center. But this privilege carries with it a very grave respo_nsibility to exercise that "diplomacy" an~ Chr!stian grace. Only so can frictions and d1ffic~l~ies be kept at a minimum in our own commumties, and goodwill and mutual trust be created. M. WEAVER (Mrs. Galen Weaver) -REVA Courtesy of Mr. Harold Smith THE WOMAN'S BOARD PICNIC-MEETING IN KANEOHE March, 1946 19 Quarterly Meeting of the Woman's Board February 5, 1946 It has long been in the minds and hearts of the Executive Committee of the Woman's Board to hold a quarterly meeting in one of the Congregational Churches outside of the city of Honolulu, in order that the fellowship of the city churches might be extended to the rural areas. So it came about that when the Missionary Society of Lanakila, the Congregational Church of Kaneohe, gave the invitation for the February meeting of the Board, it was gladly accepted. The hour of 9 :30 on the morning of Tuesday, February 5th found a chartered bus and several private cars filled to capacity, on their way to Kaneohe where they were greeted by the hostesses for the day, the ladies of Lanakila. Each arriving guest was presented with a corsage of lovely red lehua blossoms resting upon a fern frond, typical of the luxuriant foliage everywhere in evidence. The Church itself was decorated with large ape leaves of variegated green and white while a bowl of red and white lehua blossoms added its bit of color to the scene. Mrs. C. Dudley Pratt, the President of the Woman's Board of Missions for the Pacific Islands, called the meeting to order at 10 :30 and gave a hearty word of greeting to all who had come from far and near, some from so great a distance as Waialua, and a word of thanks to the hostesses so kindly offering their hospitality. A brief business meeting consisted of the reading of the minutes of the Quarterly Meeting of November 6th, approved as read, the inimitable balances on the right side as always, reflecting generous gifts from many sources, and the report of Mrs. Chong which she called "Glimpses from the Field." She reported ten senior Branches as meeting regularly, most of them once a month, one new Junior Group called Hui Hanalike, meaning "Working together," meeting every week under the capable leadership of Mrs. Richmond Ellis. This new group belongs to Kawaiahao Church. At Christmas time three of these girls participated in a play in Hawaiian, written by Rev. Edward Kahale and directed by Mrs. Kahale. The several Kodachrome films received from the Missionary Council were shown in October and November to approximately 1528 persons. It is hoped that other films will be received later and shown to groups in Hawaii. This is being planned by the Missionary Education Committee of which Mrs. Allen Hackett is chairman. Mrs. Chong also spoke of meetings of the Extension and Project Committee who have packed and mailed two boxes of clothing for Cairo, Egypt 20 and Johannesburg, South Africa, and have given two boxes of clothing to the Honolulu Council of Churches to be sent to Okinawa. Mrs. Robert Lloyd has recently assumed the chairmanship of this Committee. The Editor of the Woman's Board section of the Friend, Mrs. James F. Morgan, is hoping that a column of items concerning the Junior Branches of the Board may be forthcoming before long. The Junior Branch Committee under Mrs. Wilbur Thomas as chairman is planning a Youth Rally in April. So much for Mrs. Chong's survey of the Woman's Board work on Oahu, though all too briefly told by this Secretary. Now on an imaginary trip by airplane to the other Islands, Mrs. Chong took us to Hilo where the new President of the Hilo Branch is Mrs. Mark Talmage. That group is planning a series of studies on the books "The Southwest Pacific" "Uprooted Peoples" "The Cross over Africa." They will observe the World Day of Prayer and May Fellowship Day. The next imaginary airplane stop would be at North Kohala where the King's Daughters Unit has been busy with the making of baby garments, some of which have been sent to Honolulu to be included in the boxes sent away by the Extension Committee. On Maui the stop-over by plane showed the Makawao Branch planning interesting programs under the leadership of Mrs. Rowan and Mrs. Schultz. Mrs. Chong had an interesting interview with some of the Board's friends from Kalaupapa, Molokai who are spending a brief vacation at the Kalihi Receiving station. This interview was followed by a letter of appreciation from Kalaupapa enclosing a gift of $10.00 for the Board's work. The Island of Lanai is represented on the Missionary Education Committee by Mrs. Strickled who is particularly interested in the plans of that Committee for Visual Education. The last stop of our imaginary plane trip, Mrs. Chong said, was at Kauai, where a new branch is being started at Kapaa under Mrs. Seido Ogawa. Groups are being reorganized at Waioli, Hanalei, while other groups showed increased interest by larger numbers of program leaflets requested. The Lihue Christian Church sent two boxes of new baby clothes, children's dresses, toys, etc. for distribution. Back at lovely Lanakila in Kaneohe, the President, Mrs. Pratt, announced that the World Day of Prayer would be observed by a serivce at the Christian Church on Kewalo Street on The Friend of the reception given for him and Mrs. Poepoe March 8th. Mrs. Pratt mentioned the Cent-Aat Mrs. Midkiff's home on January 11. He said Meal boxes as being ready for distribu~ion .in the cordiality of friends there was a source of the expectation that every one interested 111 _givgreat encouragement to him as he is starting on ing to Missions, would take one and place it on this new work. the dining table through the season. of Lent. A roll call of attendance followed Mr. PoeChildren in a family may thus be tramed early poe's interesting plan of work. There were presin the habit of giving. ent according to the Secretary's count, women The offering was received with the prayer fro~1 Beretania Chine.se Church ;Central Union "Accept these gifts and ourselves for the upMissionary Unit; First Chinese Church on King building of thy Kingdom upon earth." After Street· Kalihi Union Friendship Circle; Kaumathe hymn-"Fair Hawaii, Land of Rainbows," kapili 'church, (Kahoaloha); Kawaiahao MisMrs. Pratt then called upon Mr. Henry P. Ju~d, sionary Unit; Nuuanu Christian Church; Kanethe pastor of Lanakila Church to lead a bnef ohe Woman's Society; Waialua Liliuokalani Sodevotional service. After words of welcome to ciety · W aikane Women's Society ; and the Pearl the church of ''Victory," for that is wh~t the City 'group. The Woman's Board hymn, "M . ?re name means, Mr. Judd said he would hke to Love to Thee, 0 Christ," and the benediction take something very practical directly from !he by Mr. Judd, closed the morning session. Bible as the foundation of his talk. In Isaiah Before the informal luncheon was begun, a we may find the words, "The Lord God hath noon-time prayer was offered by Mrs. Richards given me the tongue of the learned, that I shot~ld remembering especially before the throne of know how to speak a word in season to him grace, Mrs. Mumma, who is seriously ill in the that is weary." Shall we examine our words Hospital and Mrs. Schenck in the serious conand see if they are the gift of God? Do they dition of her beloved husband. It was moved, answer the following tests? Are they true? Are seconded, and carried that letters of love_ and they kind? Are they necessary? Do we speak sympathy by written to these two dear fnend_s the right word at the right time, perhaps a word and leaders of the Board's work. Coffee, fruit of encouragement to the over-burdened, ~f compunch and ice cream were prepared by M:s. fort to the sorrowing and a word of praise and Midkiff and Mrs. Bowers and served along with appreciation to those who have done well? Mr. sandwiches brought from home. Judd's talk closed with an earnest prayer to our The afternoon session was called to order by King, Father, Master and Savioµr for courage, the President, Mrs. Pr'att, who introduced Miss hope, enthusiasm in the words we are called Frances Eddy, the daughter of Dr. Brewer Eddy. . upon to speak. Miss Eddy spoke of the year and a half she had A group of Kaneohe women sang a hymn 111 spent in Johannesburg, South Africa, in AmeriHawaiian, "E Lawe I Ke Ola," which means can Board work. She spoke all too briefly of "Go Bear Glad Tidings." the "Townships" where the Zulu people live Mr. Abraham Poepoe, who has lately c?me outside of the city of Johannesburg, the strict to Oahu to begin religious work on the wmdlaws under which they live, with relation to the ward side, was next introduced. In general ~e white people, the missionary schools which are spoke of the plan he had thus far made for h_is the only schools where they may be educated. work. He would assist Mr. Judd at Kaneohe 111 She spoke of the great ability the Zulu people religious education especially. Further along the have in singing and of their harmonizing a few shore at Waikane and Hauula he expected to snatches of notes casually over-heard into wonhave pastoral work among th: peo~le_ as well as derful part-singing. Miss Eddy closed this faspreaching services and work 111 reh~10us educacinating talk with the singing of a Zulu song. tion. He spoke with great enthusiasm of the The Mizpah benediction ended this very inpossibilities of his work and expresse_~ the hope teresting meeting of the Woman's Board with that with the backing of the Hawanan Board the ladies of the Lanakila Church at Kaneohe. and of the Woman's Board, he would be enabled to do a constructive piece of work for the upbuilding of the Kingdam of God in that distant area. Mr. Poepoe expressed great appreciation -KA'I'E w. FORBES, Recording Secretary. The Least Known Continent Africa is our subject of study on the Foreign Missions theme and we should find it a most interesting subject for that great continent has such a variety of conditions and problems that March, 1946 there is always more to learn about it. As it stretches from the Mediterranean to the south for thousands of miles crossing the equator, there are great extremes of climate. There are 21 many diff~re1:it tribes and .languages with many strange customs. Across the northern end are the countries which were so much in the war news a short time ago; and Egypt lying in the Nile Valley, bordered by deserts, so ancient that it figures in the Bible history with our old friends Abraham and Joseph and }4:oses. The people of the present are of Arab stock and largely Mohammedans. However missionaries are at work there and we of the woman's Board of Missions have a small share in a baby clinic in crowded Cairo. All Mohammedan women are robed in black veils while the men wear bright colors. As you move south along the Nile the people are darker until they are jet black in the Soudan. Also they are more primitive, wearing little or no clothing in places. As we think of Central Africa our thoughts turn to the great missionary, David Livingston, who first carried the love of Christ to "Darkest Africa." A monument stands on the spot where Stanley found him after he had been lost to sight so long that people feared for his life. A wonderful statue of Dr. Livingston faces the great Victoria Falls which he was the first white man to see. Johannesburg is a huge British city surrounded by what appear to be little hills but which prove to be "dumps" from the many gold mines of the neighborhood. Native men are brought in from the villages and live in "compounds." Taking them away from their families and tribes and placing them under unusual conditions produces many difficulties. Here is a great opportunity for Christian work and Ray Phillips uses moving-pictures a great deal for education and entertainment of the men. The natives of the country are gathered in "townships" or reservations but not many are allowed to live in Johannesburg. This gives them long trips often to do their daily work. Government and mission cooperate in schools for the children. Miss Ruth Cowles does a most interesting piece of work under the American Board in a Health Center in Alexandra township. We have a share in the work of Bridgman Memorial Hospital in Johannesburg which is a maternity hospital for native women. Rev. James Dexter 22 Taylor has the Transvaal and his wife supervises sewing in the schools. The natives have special names for these loved missionaries which have meaning. Dr. Taylor's is "Peacemaker," and Mrs. Taylor's is "She who gives with both hands," while Miss Cowles' is "The little lady with the loving heart." The American Board has strong missions at Angola in West Africa and Mt. Salinda in East Africa as well as stations around Durban, South Africa. In Durban is the McCord Zulu Hospital with Dr. Allen Taylor in charge, where they have a nurses' training school. Mrs. Taylor is a trained nurse. She also heads the Wayfarers, which is our organization for native girls much like the Girl Scouts. Adams College for boys and girls has vocational, and teacher training, and ministerial training, with music department endowed by Honolulu friends. Inanda Seminary, also near Durban, has a fine group of bright-faced girls. The race prejudice of South Africa is slow in breaking down although the wars that largely produced it are long past. There are the· British, the Africands, (those of Dutch descent,) the colored people (half white,) the natives (blacks,) and a large group of Indians from India. All these groups keep aloof and do not mingle although the British and the Dutch combine in Government, using both languages. The natives are kept under many restrictions. An article in the May Missionary Herald called, "There's A New Spirit Moving in Africa," says: "Africans have had many new experiences during the war years. Many of them are thinking new and disturbing thoughts. They need a new perspective and a new sense of values. "What they have seen has made them think about the rights of the black man." I cannot close without speaking of the music of Africa. You would love to hear the natives sing hymns. Often one voice leads off and then the others come in, in a rich full chorus with harmonies which remind one of a pipe organ. Sometimes the tribes are like ours but others are quite different. There is always a delightful rhythm. Music is deep within their souls. -HARRIET A. BAKER (Mrs. Albert S. Baker) The Friend General Council News Dr. Lucius C. Porter BOSTON, Mass., Nov. 20.-Dr. Lucius C. Porter, LL.D., D.D., distinguished Congregational educator and f?~ ?ver t':o years one of the American civilian prisoners at W eihsien Internment Camp, North China, has reached the United States, and will spend Thanksgiving, r~united with his family, at the home of his daughter, Mrs. J. H. Kirkpatrick, 18 North Porter Avenue, Elgin Illinois. Dr. Porter was met in California by his wife, Mrs. Lilliam Dudley Porter and has been visiting with his brother, James T. Porter of LaMesa, California. Dr. and Mrs. Porter ar·e the parents of H. Dudley Porter, 235 Walzfc;rcl, Road, Rochester, New York. Dr. Porter is the uncle of Quincy Porter of the New England Conservatory of Music, Boston, and both he and Mrs. Porter are the special representatives in China of the Old South Congregational Church, Copley Square, Boston. The Porters will visit Boston la,..ter. An athlete from college clays, Dr. Porter celebrated his 60th birthday in 1941 by running an exhibition race at Y enching University, Peiping, China, where he was not only Professor of Philosophy and Logis but coach of the track team. At Yale University he earned his "Y" on the track team. In 1915 this erudite professor (Phi Beta Kappa, Delta Sigma, RHO) won the high and low hurdles at the Far Eastern Championship Games in Shanghai. Through the year Dr. Porter has kept fit by running three or four mornings a week. Brief reports of the internment life March, 1946 seepino· out from behind the curtain of silenct which has hung between the W eihsien Camp and the outside world for over two years indicate that one of Dr. Porter's responsibilities was that of Water Coordinator. The only source of water for washing, cooking and drinking among the thousand internees came from a pump outside the kitchen. It had to be boiled before use and this meant seeing that sufficient water was pumped and on hand for heating several times a day. It also necessitated rising at 4 o'clock in the morning. Touched by the drab job of washing dishes which befell the ladies of the camp, Dr. Porter often appeared in the kitchen to read poetry while the dishes were being washed. He was also a zealous leader of a reo-ular class in callisthenics for the men. B~cause the summers were exceedingly hot, clothing limited, and ~is work strenuous, Dr. Porter reduced his costume to a pair of running pants. Soon tanned a deep brown his fellow prisoners solemnly bestowed upon him a feather and red string to be tied to his head in approved Redskin fashion. But come evening a metamorphosis took place and the naturally fastidi?us profe_ssor emerged in a cherished white silk smt, gracefully waving a fan, to give learned but lucid lectures on Chinese philosophy to his fellow internees. Since the only time Dr. Porter had in which to prepare for these lectures was between 2 and 4 in the morning, and since he lived in a room with 20 other inmates and did not wish to disturb . their slumbers with his light, he would go out into the grounds 23 "The Army as a Career" and sit down under a convenient street lamp. The Army Middle Pacific HeadquarDr. Porter was born in China of misters has offered the services of one of sionary parents and has been Professor of Philosophy and Logic at Y enching Uni- their officers to interested groups as a versity, Peiping, since 1916. He first went speaker and discussion leader on "The to China, however, for service as a mis- Army as a Career." This officer has been sionary under the American Board of selected upon the basis of his civilian exForeign Missions in 1908 and working at perience in guidance and personnel work. Tunghsien for eight years. Most programs will consist of a. brief Dr. Porter is known in university circles, including Harvard University where presentation of the benefits in the new he has been an exchange professor and peace-time Army, followed by a discuswhere Harvard-Yenching Institute has sion, question and answer period. been building a bridge of understanding Interested groups on Oahu can make between the culture of China and the culfor this service by calling arrangements ture of the West. In 1928-29 he lectured on Chinese cul- Fort Shafter 18171. Island groups can ture and literature at Harvard Graduate• call the Recruiting offices as follows : School. Dr. Porter not only studied at Columbia University and New York UniHawaii-Federal Building, Hilo. versity (LHD) but from 1922 to 1924 he reorganized and headed up the DepartMaui-Wadsworth Building, High and ment of Chinese studies at Columbia UniWells Sts. Telephone 8881 Wailuku. versity. Other colleges deeply interested in Prof. Porter are Beloit College, his Kauai-National Guard Armory, LiAlma Mater, Class of 1901. (Dr. Porter hue. is the grandson of the first President of Beloit), and Union Seminary. He also Lt. Pettengill' s itinerary is as follows : studied in Germany on a fellowship. His knowledge of things Chinese made Hawaii-February 21 to March 8. Dr. Porter on several occasions the conductor of seminars in the U.S.A. on Far Kauai-March 18 to March 22. Eastern subjects for groups of history professors, heads of college history deMaui-March 11 to ).larch 15. partments and similar academic groups. INSURANCE is a self-evident ·necessity. Insure against such contingencies as FIRE • AUTOMOBILE ACCIDENT • PERSONAL LIABILITY BURGLARY (Arising from the pursuit of Business or Pleasure) Let us attend to your every Insurance need * C. Brewer and Company, Limited (Established 1826) P. 0. Box 3470 24 HONOLULU, T. H. ., PHONE 6261 The Friend March, 1946 25 For HEAL TH and HAPPINESS Drink ~elmik Young Laundry & Dry Cleaning Co., Ltd. * 184 S. King St. - Phone 6036 879 Kapiolani Blvd. - Phone 4538 Donate to the Blood Bauk Ser11e in Silence City Transfer Co., Ltd. For Duration 1237 HOPAKA ST. PH. 1281 For a Delicious Meal Stop at CI TY 72 S. King St. 26 * GRILL Phone 4290 "RECONSTRUCTING A SHATTERED WORLD" CHRISTIAN EDUCATION ( Continued from Page 14) ( Continued from Page 11) selves coming up against barriers which for the moment seem insurmountable. "For another thing, we of the Church of Scotland must do the job which we have been appointed to do. That job is to till our own vineyard-this vineyard of Scotland, our own beloved Scotland. During this General Assembly we have heard many things to be done in our vineyard-Church Extension, the work among the young, the recruiting for the ministry, the factory chaplaincies, and the innumerable details of our work. Let us remem• her, too, that our vineyard is as wide as the world, and that as a branch of the Catholic Church we must 'go and make disciples of all the nations.' These things let us do, and do well. And being Scotsmen, let us keep also in mind how in these days our land is beset with many difficulties-concerning her fisheries, her agriculture, her old industries, her new industries, her schools, her housing, or the depopulation of our beautiful northern counties. Whatever concerns the welfare of our Scottish people is the concern also of the Scottish Church, and we will further it as well as we can. But when we have noted all our national interests and all our churchly concerns, let us remember that God planted this Church of Scotland in order that it might nourish a living faith jn Him, as the well-spring of all good work. 'Happy is that people whose God is the Lord.'" Take a Tip from Your Servel Himself: "I am the \Vay, the Truth, and the Life." Hymns, scripture, readings, prayer, may all be used at the beginning of the service but let their purpose be to confront the worshipping group with God and not merely to induce a certain mood. 2 Our Lives) Before God: The sec~nd movement of worship should be a turm_ng to our own lives and the problems which need God's guidance. Here should occur a search for truth about ourselves, a search for what God's will should be ~or us-whether a child's problem of gettmg along with the child next-door, or an adult's decision concerning treatment of an erring employee, or a young person's decision about vocation. Here should occur the uncovering of our needs, our wants and our dreams. Here we bring our personal feelings and actions before God ~or judgment. This is a time for conversat10n between God and Self. Thus those who prepare and lead worship services must know the stru_ggles, fears and desires which the people m the worshipping group have. What are the life issues which the people face? Eve? age level faces vital problems-and, if worship is to be effective, the leade~ must know the general issues at stake. Difficulties in school life, labor difficulties, home relationships-any of these may need to be brought before God. Again, prayer, time for silent meditation, the use of classic litanies or prayers which express the basic human needs, may all be used effectively in this movement of worshi~. Major Christian concerns cannot effectively be Serve in Silence MAILE BUTTER HONOLULU GAS CO. FOR SALE BY ALL GOOD GROCERS Tastes Better March, 1946 The Friend - - YAT LOY CO. * "Quality Merchandise for the Entire Family" 12-26 S. King St. * Phone 3122 UNITING all HAWAII *INTER-ISLAND Steam Navigation Company, Ltd. Fort and Merchant Street• HONOLULU BE FAIR WITH YOURSELF LET INSURANCE SAFEGUARD _YOUR PROPERTY. - - - - Alexander & Baldwin, Ltd. INSURANCE DEPARTMENT Telephone 4901 27 treated in a single worship service. Peo- we must live; we feel God's presence and , ple may need several services on such strength sustaining this new picture and problems as home-relationships before consecration. This movement, too, must they will have thought and prayed enough be expressed-perhaps in some of the upon them to let God really break through. great affirmations of faith of the Church, 3. The New Covenant: From the min- or in prayer, or in some of the great gling of the first two movements, God and hymns of the Christian Faith. Stories, Self, comes the third movement: "The talks, other ways of presenting a message New Covenant." Here the new direction will be helpful in bringing the worshippers of living comes into view. It may be called this new vision, but it will grow ultimatethe moment of "Consecration," if you ly out of the earlier part of the service: wish. We see a new picture of what we the presentation of self and its needs beshould be ; we have a fresh vision of how fore a God of whom we are aware. But let one point be clear: worship is not over when the worship service ends. Or, it should not be over when the benediction is pronounced. The worship servINSURANCE SERVICE ice is the group activity from which Fire • Marine • Casualty springs the ability to live in different fashAutomobile • Life ion. The service of worship is really completed only when children and adults go forth to pra~tice in daily living the presence of God, which is the "worshipful atHAWAII, LTD. titude" toward life. 12190.EIRQIT. Let us, then, as we plan worship services, keep in mind these three fundamental "movements" of an act of worship. Hymns, prayer, scripture, meditations, talks, silences, litanies, and so on, will continue to be the specific means by which we try to express the God-Self-New Covenant pattern of worship. But let us be sure to choose and use them purposefully, remembering that we are trying to teach our children and adults to worship in order that they may live strongly and securely in a turbtilent world. COMPLETE THE HOME KEEP yourself physically, mentally and spiritually fit. Go about your work with a cool head and a stout heart. Do not spread wild rumors ... discourage those who do so. Work for unity among all people and oppose efforts to create hatred based on race, creed or color. AMERICAN FACTORS Limited *** * * Note: The Hawaiian Board has made available a correspondence course in "Planning Worship Ser.vices for the Small Sunday School." This is a series of eight practical studies in planning and conducting worship services of the sort discussed in this article. Groups which are interested in understanding worship, or which are responsible for planning services, will find this course helpful. Write to The Director of Christian Education, P. 0. Box 150, Honolulu 10, for information about enrolling in the course. The course is designed to be studied by a small group rather than by individuals working alone. BIBLE STUDY (Continued from Page 10) 16-22. The Result: Missional . \Vhen God drew Moses into a meetmg with him the result of this Meeting was missional. God said, "Go." The Revelation of God would be incomplete if it did not result in "Go and gather the elders of Israel together." To Mo_ses this "Go" was the outgrowth of everythi_ng that went before. The fruit cannot hve without the roots to nourish it; and yet of what value are roots which do not bear fruit? A man cannot go on a mission who has not been first commissioned ; and yet of what value is a commission which does not result in a mission? The story of Moses, the man, ~as no~ been completed. His obscure birth, his training in Egypt, his growing co~c_ern over his brothers, his flight into Midian, and his subsequent life in wilderness: all this has ended. From this point on we know nothing of Moses the man separated from his mission. God has drawn Moses unto himself, so that He might send _him unto His people. Yes, there ~re si~ns throughout the coming events m which we can detect Moses struggling to free himself from his mission; but this struggle increasingly decrease~ as his missio_n progressively demands his utmost forti~ tude and courage. Moses, as the result ot revelation, has become his mission. Indeed, he is his mission ! The only bank in Hawaii with thi1 protection is AMERICAN SECURITY BANK King and Nuuanu Sts. Honolulu, T. H. Ies worth going back for a second helping! That's why Love's Crispy Crackers are a saving grace in every household. They are also ideal with cheese, or condiments, for unexpected guests. ' CRISPY CRACKERS ***** In dealing with chapter three we have • • -FRANCES EASTMAN. 28 The Friend March, 1946 29 A service ever in keeping with requirements of dignity, and in accord with the inherent nobility of the human spirit. WILLI.AMS MORTUARY LIMITED 1076 S. Beretania St. Phone 3524 Honolulu 46 years of Service to the people of Hawaii with widely diversified lines of merchandise * The Von Hamm-Young Co., Ltd. King and Bishop Streets Honolulu, T. H. ignored many problems in order to stay within the bounds of our theme, problems which we shall later deal with as their acuteness materializes. From beginning to end the central theme of chapter three is Revelation. Events of the past and the future are brought together, to this important Meeting between God and a human being. What we have said must not be taken as a satisfactory explanation of all that took place. Nor ought it to be taken as a complete examination of the nature of Revelation. Rather, what has been written is simply reflections on the experience of God's speaking to Moses. In our reflections we have seen that Revelation has at least seven sides to it : ( 1) God speaks through an historical event. (2) In speaking to man, God establishes a Meeting between persons. ( 3) Althouglr God speaks to one man alone, his disclosure is continuous throughout the generations of men. ( 4) The reason God speaks is purposive, and his purpose is deliverance in some concrete form. ( S) Although a man may deny the call of God, he cannot escape from it, for the call of God is compulsive. ( 6) And yet, although the Meeting between God and a certain man is a fact he cannot escape, he cannot prove it to other men because the fact of Revelation is unprovable. ( 7) God calls a man unto Himself so that he can send him out again, since the result of Revelation is missional. -GEORGE E. SEALE. We Are All Working Men and Women Workers of every ki~d, bankers, merchants, mechanics, lawyers, clerks, stenographers, and those who do hard "unskilled" labor, ore valuable customers of this Bonk and everyone finds the kind of banking service he requires for his own special need. We Will Welcome Your Account ( Continued from Page 7) garding the work of the American churches and the possible significance of Christianity in the reconstruction of Japan. This audience, widely reported in the Japanese press is believed considerably to have enhanced the prestige of the Christian movement in the mind of the Japanese public. Conferences were also had with Premier Shidehara; Minister of Education, Maeda; Minister of Public Welfare, Ashida; and Foreign Minister Yoshida. Here, too, the conversations centered on the task of Christianity in the rebuilding of Japan. The deputation found Kagawa with undiminished faith in the future of the Christian enterprise. \Nith more than his customary vigor this world-renowned Christian is busily at work on many fronts including evangelism, the organization of cooperatives, the relief of the homeless and needy and the strengthening of the Social Democratic Party. Time and again Kagawa said to the American churchmen "Give us your prayers and send us Bibles and good missionaries." The influential Nippon Times in a two column editorial entitled "The Visit of the American Religious Leaders" commented on the significance and timeliness of the visitation. "The present visit in Japan of four prominent religious leaders, comprising a deputation representing the Protestant churches of America, is a matter which should interest the general Japanese public no less than the Japanese Christians," said the Times. "For, although the avowed purpose of this deputation is to reestablish contact with the Japanese Christians and to survey the general postwar religious situation in Japan, the influence of such visitors will far transcend mere matters of church policy. The work of this deputation is bound to mark a significant first milestone on the road of Japan's return to the international fellowship of peace-minded peoples." BUY BONDS * T e,-ritorial Distributor of Sheaff er Pens and Pencils HONOLULU PAPER CO., LTD. THE PIONEER PAPER HOUSE Ala Moana at South St. Ph. 2371 Dependable Trust Service for All Hawaii PIGGL+i._lGGLY Do your shopping for Better Foods .. Quality Meats .. Island and Mainland Fresh Fruits and Vegetables .. at Piggly Wiggly Stores. There is one located in your neighborhood. BRA~CHES_ LOCATEU ~T-Mokapu, Waikiki, Kaimuki, Waipahu, Waialua and Pearl Harbor, Oahu; Lihue and Kapaa, Kaua,: Wa,luku, Laharna and Paia. Maui: Hilo, Honokaa, Kohala. Kealakekua and Pahala, Hawaii. COLLECTION OFFICES--Aiea. Ewa and Walliawa. Oahu; Hana, Maui: Kaunakakai and Maunaloa, Molokai. 30 CHRISTIAN DEPUTATION TO JAPAN The Friend 1409 So. Beretania St.· Waialae and 10th Aves. 2018 Kaloakaua Ave. 2456 Kalakaua Ave. Nuuanu and Pauoa Rd. 1250 Punchbowl St. Waialae Ave. and Church St. 1869 No. King St. Wahiawa, Oahu WESTERN STATES GROCERY HA WAI I, LTD. Owners and Operators March, 1946 31 ON WHOM DOES MAN DEPEND? Lauhala Purses Carved Hawaiian Trays ( Continued from Page 2) Jewelry Items - -~ 1'> 5 I . l<l"iG STREET NEAR f![THE" • .~ Wall, Nichols Co., Ltd. Headquarten for T echnica/. Books 6.7 S. KING ST. PHONE 6067 To Win is to Servel DO YOUR PARTBUY BONDS! CITY MILL CO., LTD. Honolulu LUMBER DEALERS Phone 6081 pends upon they is evidence that man depends u?on man. Those evidences testify to a soc~ety that has turned in upon itself, ~o a s?ciety that finds its reason for being, its existence and its goal, within itself. Or to put that in religious terms such is a society which has made itself i~s god. Tl~at is not being theoretical, for as one listens to people talk of the theys upon whom they depend, their voices carry the tones of fear, praise, awe, and thanksgiving, which properly belong to God alone. The very situation into which we are drifting cries aloud to us, urging us to turn around before it is too late, and find our way back to the God upon whom men are truly and rightly dependent. Of course, men will still have to live in the kind of world which they have now created. But there is no reason why that world need shackle . them completely, nor why they should give themselves up to it. The worship and service of God can free men from the toils of present-day existence and at the same time give men new hearts that will enable them to live unselfishly together. In our time men are coming to depend upon they; in Jeremiah's time men depended upon the temple. God's word now is the same as it was then : that only as men depend upon Him can they find the secure life they seek. -J. H O M E BU I LD I N G SP E C I A LI ST S S I N CE LET US SHOW YOU HOW TO OWN YOUR OWN HOME Our Home Building Department is completely staffed and ready to advise and assist you in building your own home as soon as necessary materials become available. We will help you with your planning, financing and final construction. Ca/.l Our HOME BUILDING DEPARTMENT 177 South King Street TELEPHONE 1261 I CO-OPERATION IS A WONDERFUL THING TS gratifying to note how Honolulans, and especially the housewives, have cooperated in the matter of travelling. Honolulu shoppers have done much to relieve an almost impossible situation by schedµling their trips to and from town during the hours when a great majority of the workers are on their jobs. We just hate to think of what this · city's bus service would be like if we didn't get this cooperation. LESLIE DUNSTAN. Buy United States War Bont/,s and Stamps The 8. F. Dillingham _ Co., Ltd. INSURANCE DEPARTMENT - - - .32 - HUNOLULU Dillingham Transportation Building The Frie1Jd 1 8 52 - - - RAPID -- - - - - - - TRANSIT CO., LTD BUILDING TODAY for Tomorrow's Needs • It is not merely a fascinating pastime to let your fancy play on the things that may someday come to Honolulu-new airports, new highways, arterial tunnels, new buildings-new developments in every field. True, these things today are little more than plans on drawing boards. But they will be the realities of a tomorrow that is not far off. Begin with Aviation-no other spot on earth is more nearly indispensable to its operation, for every major airline traversing the Pacific will pivot on these islands. Increased air activity is approaching Honolulu at a swiftening pace. Its onset will be an infusion of progress that will burst forth, not merely in new airports, but in expansion in every line of business and industry. And from each will come new demands for electricity. At Hawaiian Electric, that is the cornerstone of our thinking. Paradoxically, we face difficulty in meeting the existing demand, because war-born handicaps still impede us. But, while putting our best effort into dealing with the needs of today, we still are planning and building for Honolulu's far greater tomorrow.
|Publisher||Hawaiian Evangelical Association. Board|
|Scanning Technician||Kepler Sticka-Jones|
|Metadata Cataloger||Ken Rockwell|
|Call Number||AN2.H5 F7; Record ID 9928996630102001|