Traveltime characteristics of Gore Creek and Black Gore Creek, upper Colorado River basin, Colorado

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Title Traveltime characteristics of Gore Creek and Black Gore Creek, upper Colorado River basin, Colorado
Creator Gurdak, Jason J.; Spahr, Norman E.; Szmajter, Richard J.
Subject Water -- Pollution; Water and civilization; Hydraulics; Streamflow; Hydrology
Spatial Coverage Colorado River (Colo.-Mexico); Colorado River (Wyo.-Utah); Colorado; Colorado Mountains; Rocky Mountain National Park (Colo.)
Description In the Rocky Mountains of Colorado, major highways are often constructed in stream valleys. In the event of a vehicular accident involving hazardous materials, the close proximity of highways to the streams increases the risk of contamination entering the streams. Recent population growth has contributed to increased traffic volume along Colorado highways and has resulted in increased movement of hazardous materials, particularly along Interstate 70. Gore Creek and its major tributary, Black Gore Creek, are vulnerable to such contamination from vehicular accidents along Interstate 70. Gore Creek, major tributary of the Eagle River, drains approximately 102 square miles, some of which has recently undergone significant urban development. The headwaters of Gore Creek originate in the Gore Range in the eastern part of the Gore Creek watershed. Gore Creek flows west to the Eagle River. Beginning at the watershed boundary on Vail Pass, southeast of Vail Ski Resort, Interstate 70 parallels Black Gore Creek and then closely follows Gore Creek the entire length of the watershed. Interstate 70 crosses Gore Creek and tributaries 20 times in the watershed. In the event of a vehicular accident involving a contaminant spill into Gore Creek or Black Gore Creek, a stepwise procedure has been developed for water-resource managers to estimate traveltimes of the leading edge and peak concentration of a conservative contaminant. An example calculating estimated traveltimes for a hypothetical contaminant release in Black Gore Creek is provided. Traveltime measurements were made during May and September along Black Gore Creek and Gore Creek from just downstream from the Black Lakes to the confluence with the Eagle River to account for seasonal variability in stream discharge. Fluorometric dye injection of rhodamine WT and downstream dye detection by fluorometry were used to measure traveltime characteristics of Gore Creek and Black Gore Creek. During the May traveltime measurements, discharges ranged from 82 cubic feet per second at Black Gore Creek near Minturn (U.S. Geological Survey station number 09066000) to 724 cubic feet per second at Gore Creek at mouth near Minturn (U.S. Geological Survey station number 09066510), whereas during the September traveltime measurements, discharges ranged from 3.6 cubic feet per second at Black Gore Creek near Minturn to 62 cubic feet per second at Gore Creek at mouth near Minturn. Cumulative traveltimes for the peak dye concentration during the May traveltime measurements ranged from 3.45 hours (site 1 to site 3) in Black Gore Creek to 2.50 hours (site 8 to site 12) in Gore Creek, whereas cumulative traveltimes for the peak dye concentration during the September traveltime measurements ranged from 15.33 hours (site 1 to site 3) in Black Gore Creek to 8.65 hours (site 8 to site 12) in Gore Creek. During the September dye injections, beaver dams on Black Gore Creek, between site 1 and the confluence with Gore Creek, substantially delayed movement of the rhodamine WT. Estimated traveltimes were developed using relations established from linear-regression methods of relating measured peak traveltime to discharge during those measurements, which were obtained at Black Gore Creek near Minturn and Gore Creek at mouth near Minturn. Resulting estimated peak traveltimes for Black Gore Creek (sites 1 to 5) ranged from 5.4 to 0.4 hour for 20 to 200 cubic feet per second and for Gore Creek (sites 5 to 12), 5.5 to 0.3 hour for 20 to 800 cubic feet per second. Longitudinal-dispersion coefficients that were calculated for selected stream reaches ranged from 17.2 square feet per second at 4 cubic feet per second between sites 2 and 3 to 650 square feet per second at 144 cubic feet per second between sites 7 and 8. Longitudinal-dispersion coefficients are necessary variables for future stream-contaminant modeling in the Gore Creek watershed.
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Contributors National Water-Quality Assessment Program
Date 2002
Type Text
Format application/pdf
Digitization Specifications pdf file copied from USGS website (http://water.usgs.gov/pubs/wri/wri02-4037/). Uploaded into CONTENTdm version 3.7.
Identifier http://water.usgs.gov/pubs/wri/wri02-4037/
Source Gurdak, Jason J.; Spahr, Norman E.; Szmajter, Richard J., Traveltime characteristics of Gore Creek and Black Gore Creek, upper Colorado River basin, Colorado, Denver, Colorado: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report2002-4037, 14 p.
Language eng
Rights Management Public Domain, Courtesy of the USGS
Holding Institution University of Utah
Metadata Cataloger Kristin Willmore
ARK ark:/87278/s6h41qb3
Setname wwdl_er
Date Created 2005-08-10
Date Modified 2005-08-10
ID 1145856
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6h41qb3
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