Water temperature, specific conductance, pH, and dissolved-oxygen concentrations in the lower White River and the Puyallup River estuary, Washington, August-October 2002

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Title Water temperature, specific conductance, pH, and dissolved-oxygen concentrations in the lower White River and the Puyallup River estuary, Washington, August-October 2002
Creator Ebbert, James C.
Subject Water; Water -- Analysis; Water -- Dissolved oxygen; Water temperature; Hydrogen-ion concentration; Rivers
Spatial Coverage Columbia River; Washington
Description The U.S. Geological Survey, Washington State Department of Ecology, and Puyallup Tribe of Indians monitored water temperature, specific conductance, pH, and dissolved-oxygen concentrations in the White River at river miles 4.9 and 1.8 from August until mid-October 2002. Water diverted from the White River upstream from the monitoring sites into Lake Tapps is returned to the river at river mile 3.6 between the two sites. The same characteristics were measured in a cross section of the Puyallup River estuary at river mile 1.5 during high and low tides in September 2002. In late August, maximum daily water temperatures in the White River of 21.1 oC (degrees Celsius) at river mile 4.9 and 19.6 oC at river mile 1.8 exceeded the water-quality standard of 18 oC at both monitoring sites. In mid-September, maximum daily water temperatures at river mile 4.9 exceeded the standard on 5 days. From August 2-25, water temperatures at both monitoring sites were similar and little or no water was discharged from Lake Tapps to the White River. Increases in water temperature at river mile 1.8 in late September and early October were caused by the mixing of warmer water discharged from Lake Tapps with cooler water in the White River. Specific conductance in the White River usually was lower at river mile 1.8 than at river mile 4.9 because of mixing with water from Lake Tapps, which has a lower specific conductance. Maximum values of pH in the White River at river mile 4.9 often exceeded the upper limit of the water-quality standard, 8.5 pH units, from early September until mid-October, when turbidity decreased. The pH standard was not exceeded at river mile 1.8. Dissolved-oxygen concentrations in the White River were often lower at river mile 1.8 than at river mile 4.9 because of mixing with water discharged from Lake Tapps, which has lower dissolved-oxygen concentrations. The lowest concentration of dissolved oxygen observed was 7.9 mg/L (milligrams per liter) at river mile 1.8. The lower limit allowed by the water-quality standard is 8 mg/L.
Publisher U. S. Geological Survey
Contributors Washington State Department of Geology; Puyallup Tribe
Date 2003
Type Text
Format application/pdf
Digitization Specifications pdf file copied from USGS website (http://pubs.usgs.gov/wri/wri034177/). Uploaded into CONTENTdm version 3.7.
Identifier http://pubs.usgs.gov/wri/wri034177/
Source Ebbert, James C., 2003, Water temperature, specific conductance, pH, and dissolved-oxygen concentrations in the lower White River and the Puyallup River estuary, Washington, August-October 2002, Tacoma, Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 03-4177, 29 p.
Language eng
Rights Management Public Domain, Courtesy of the USGS
Holding Institution University of Utah
Metadata Cataloger Daureen Nesdill; Kristin Willmore
ARK ark:/87278/s6c53jr8
Setname wwdl_er
Date Created 2004-11-01
Date Modified 2005-10-06
ID 1145710
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6c53jr8
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