Table of Contents
Collection Overview +/-
Collection Inventory +/-
box 1, folder 1: Articles (1899-1932, undated)
box 1, folder 2: Brochures (1913-1929, undated)
box 1, folder 3: Kawich's Gold Mine
box 1, folder 4: Landis, Charles B.
box 1, folder 5: Light on Mormonism (1922-1937)
box 1, folder 6: Newspaper clippings
box 1, folder 7: Owen, C. M.
box 1, folder 8: Tullidge's Monthly Magazine : the Western Galaxy
box 1, folder 9: Walker Bank and Trust Company (1936)
box 2 (oversize), folder 1: Anti-Polygamy Standard, Vol. I, No. 6 (September 1880)
box 2 (oversize), folder 2: Kinsman, Vol. I, No. 31 (April 30, 1898)
Biographical Note/Historical Note +/-
George Washington Martin was born in Marion Township, Hocking County, Ohio on April 27, 1848 in Logan, Hocking County, Ohio to John Shaw Martin and Mary Wiley Black. He was raised on a farm, attended Ohio University (B.A. 1895) and Union Theological Seminary (B.D. 1879). He became a prominent Presbyterian missionary and minister in Utah and a leader in the anti-Mormon movement in Utah. While Martin's work was centered on the community of Manti, his influence extended throughout central Utah and especially in the cities of Ephraim and Gunnison.
The Manti Mission was opened in 1877 and the church was organized in 1878. Reverend Martin arrived in Manti in 1879. The First Presbyterian Church building in Manti, Utah was constructed under Martin's supervision and dedicated in 1881. The building was constructed of oolite, from the same quarry as the Mormon Manti Temple. Martin served the Manti church from 1879 until his death forty years later in 1919. The church continued until 1940, when it was dissolved. It was one of several Presbyterian churches built in central Utah's Sanpete and Sevier Valleys from 1875 to 1917.
G.W. Martin married Matilda Peebles Work and had four children. Three of their children graduated from the Salt Lake Collegiate Institute. Daughter Jane Martin became a teacher at West Side High School, Salt Lake City. Daughter Mary Martin was an instructor at Westminster College, and later Principal of the New Jersey Academy for girls in Logan, Utah. One of their sons, Theodore Day Martin, born in Manti, Utah on August 24, 1885, graduated from Hamilton College and Union Theological Seminary, became a high school principal in Richfield, Utah, and the first executive secretary of the Utah Education Association in 1924.
George W. Martin was a member of the organizing committee creating Westminster College and an early trustee of the college. The last six year of his life, G.W. Martin was President of the Board of Trustees at Westminster College. He died March 1, 1919 at St. Mark's Hospital, Salt Lake City, Utah. His funeral was held in Manti, Sanpete County, Utah. Speakers at the funeral were Dr. William M. Paden (Synodical Supt. of Presbyterian Home Missions in Utah), assisted by several other Presbyterian ministers from Utah, and Westminster College President H.W. Reherd. The attendees were both Presbyterians and Mormons.
Sources for Martin biographical note:
Content Description +/-
This collection, with materials dating 1880-1937, consists of articles, books, brochures, newspaper clippings, and pamphlets relating to Mormonism and polygamy, as well as general-interest information on Utah. The bulk of the materials were collected by George W. Martin (1848-1919) who served as a Presbyterian minister in Manti, Utah and was a leader in the anti-Mormon movement. Some materials in this Series 2 (Utah and Mormonism publications, 1890-1937) date after Martin's death in 1919. These would appear to have been collected by either William M. Paden (Utah Presbyterian minister) or his sister Lou Paden, Westminster College librarian. This collection is Series 2 of 3 in the Martin papers (MSS-001A to MSS-001C).
Examples of materials dating after Martin's 1919 death include the publication Light on Mormonism (1922-1937) in Box 1 Folder 5, and The story of Walker Bank & Trust Company, Salt Lake City : Seventy-seven years of banking experience, 1859-1936 found in Box 1, Folder 9.
Box 1, Folder 1: Articles in this file focus on Mormonism. The earliest article is from the New York observer, Sept. 7, 1899, entitled "Mormonism as the Mormons see it" by Bancroft Devins. There is a February 8, 1908 letter to the editor of Interior (Presbyterian paper in Chicago), sent from three Utahns and entitled "Be fair to Utah", concerning a published article with "a rather caustic comment on one of the United States senators from Utah" which also expressed doubt about the sincerity of the Mormons in abolishing polygamy. The March 1911 article in Cosmopolitan magazine (Vol. L, No. 4) is by Alfred Henry Lewis entitled "The viper on the hearth--Mormonism, its plots, plans, and intrigues against American homes" with illustrations of threatening snakes and Joseph F. Smith as a strangling octopus. An anonymous draft of an article (but bearing similarities to William M. Paden's handwriting) titled "Utah Condition August 1915," was published in the Presbyterian Home Mission Monthly. Another article entitled "Mormonism--news and views" is written by editor Edward Laird Mills, Salt Lake City, in the The Pacific Christian Advocate, Portland, Oregon, June 3 and 10, 1926.
Brochures in Box 1, Folders 2, 4, and 7: The brochures concern both Mormonism and missionary work. They include religious tracts ("The Duty of Pastors and Christian People Toward Believers in Either Kind of Mormonism", by Congregationalist Rev. John D. Nutting) and reprinted articles (e.g., “Saintly Falsity,” by the editor of the Salt Lake Tribune), discussions (for example C.M. Owen on Brigham Young), and congressional addresses (for example, Congressman Charles B. Landis' speech delivered during the B. H. Roberts hearing (1900)).
Box 1, Folder 3: Kawich's Gold Mine is a 1913 book authored by Josiah Gibbs, about mining in the Grand Canyon area, and involving polygamous Mormons in southern Utah.
Box 1, Folder 5: The Light on Mormonism (Cleveland, Ohio) file includes issues from 1922-1923 (Vol. I, No. 1, 2, and 4), 1934 (Vol. XII, No. 5, whole number 49), and 1937 (Vol. XV, No. 4, whole number 60). Issues are "published quarterly by The Utah Gospel Mission of Cleveland, Ohio".
Box 1, Folder 6: The newspaper clippings in this series detail cases of polygamy, Presbyterian issues, and specific individuals. Articles can be found on Brigham H. Roberts, including a blank petition against Roberts, attached to an article on Helen M. Gould's movement against Roberts. Similarly, there is an article on the Minister's Association opposing the seating of Reed Smoot. There is an article on Utah originating in Manti, but not by Martin. N. E. Clemenson writes an article on the Tribune and polygamy. There is a copy of an address delivered by C.C. Goodwin. An article that contains biographical information on Josiah Welch is included, as is notice of Bishop Spalding's death (not an obituary). The materials in this Newspaper clippings file are entirely photocopies of the original clippings.
Box 1, Folder 8: Tullidge's monthly magazine : the Western Galaxy, Vol. 1, No. 1, dated March 1888. The issue contains an article entitled "The flora of Utah" by Prof. Marcus E. Jones", pages 27-31.
Box 1, Folder 9: The story of Walker Bank & Trust Company, Salt Lake City : Seventy-seven years of banking experience, 1859-1936. The 36-page booklet has a note inked on the cover "Save for HWR" presumably Herbert Ware Reherd who was Westminster College's president from 1913-1939; this note was crossed out and "Library" added.
Box 2 (oversized), Folder 1: Anti-Polygamy Standard, Vol. I, No. 6, Salt Lake City, Utah, September 1880
Box 2 (oversized), Folder 2: The Kinsman, Vol. I, No. 31, Salt Lake City, Utah, April 30, 1898. This single issue contains the article "Twentieth Anniversary of the Presbyterian Church, Manti, Utah". The journal was published weekly by Rev. Wm. R. Campbell, editor. This issue's first page also refers to mobs in the streets of Madrid, as the first battle of the Spanish-American War took place April 25, 1898 near Cárdenas, Cuba, between the American torpedo boat USS Foote and the Spanish gunboat Ligera.
Collection Use +/-
Restrictions on Access:
Open to public research.
Access to parts of this collection may be restricted under provisions of state or federal law.
Twenty-four hours advance notice is encouraged.
Restrictions on Use:
It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain any necessary copyright clearances.
Permission to publish material must be obtained from the director of the Giovale Library.
George W. Martin papers. Series 2. Utah and Mormonism publications, 1880-1937, MSS-001B, Giovale Library Archives, Westminster College, Salt Lake City, Utah.
Administrative Information +/-
Arranged alphabetically by publication type or publication title.
While it is unknown when the College acquired this collection, Paul Jesse Baird's Presbyterian pioneers in Utah (1996) refers to a trunk used by William M. Paden to collect materials relating to the 'Presbyterian work in Utah'. It also mentions that the George W. Martin's collection, including his extensive collection of correspondence, was also placed in this trunk. The contents of the trunk were said to have been used by Paden during his lifetime and then were acquired by his sister, Lou Rachel Paden at his death in 1931. The trunk was then said to have been placed in the attic of the Westminster College's library by Ms. Paden. While no records have documented this account, the similarities between the three collections (George W. Martin, William Paden, and the Presbyterian Church in Utah collection) are unmistakable and it is a fact Lou Paden was a librarian at Westminster College for more than thirty years (1905–1936).
G.W. Martin's collections and libraries were offered to Westminster College and the Presbyterian Church by his son, Theodore Day Martin. This is the official source of Westminster College's George W. Martin collection. While it is not know which specific documents were donated by T.D. Martin in 1974 and which documents were contained within the records collected by Paden, they were all later brought together at Westminster College.
Note on processing of the full set of Martin papers (MSS-001A to MSS-001C): The George W. Martin papers were processed by Josh Ivie in 2005. While the collection's original order is unknown, an arrangement plan was created to organize the records into the following three series: Correspondence, Utah and Mormonism publications, and Subject files. This collection was accessioned as ACC-026B and reassigned in 2009 as MSS-001B.
A decision was made in 2015 to split the Martin papers into three collections (one for each series) in line with the historical treatment of other multi-series collections held by the Giovale Library Archives. The resulting set of Martin collections are:
Note on processing of Series 2. Utah and Mormonism publications, 1880-1937 (MSS-001B): This collection contains primarily photocopies of the original newspaper articles. The original articles were photocopied and discarded due to their fragile condition. The originals of oversized articles or articles not easily photocopied were retained and not copied. In addition, two original large oversized articles were not retained when it was determined they were readily available elsewhere. These articles are the following: "Deseret News: Pioneer Jubilee Editions," Deseret news, July 24, 1897, and "A Question of Mormon Patriotism," Salt Lake tribune, February 19, 1907, page 7. As of September 2015, the University of Utah's website Utah Digital newspapers included digitized versions of the Deseret news (1850-1910) and the Salt Lake tribune (1871-1919).
Martin, G. W. (George Washington), 1848-1919
Collection materials are in English.
0.4 linear feet
Language of the Finding Aid:
Author of the Finding Aid:
Finding aid written 2005 by Josh Ivie. Expanded September 2015 by Sarah Shaw.
EAD Creation Date:
2015 September 3 by Sarah Shaw
Describing Archives : A Content Standard (DACS)
Related collections and photographs in Giovale Library Archives:
Walker Bank and Trust Company
Form or Genre Terms:
Martin, G. W. (George Washington), 1848-1919--Archives